regular model: work
verbs ending in -e: like

like - model verbRegular verbs ending with a silent -e: remove the final -e before adding -ed or -ing.

Variants of the regular models:

  1. pass -s, -sh, -x, -o: +e
  2. try -y>ie
  3. omit -X>-XX
  4. die -ie: -ie>y
  5. agree -ee: +d

Irregular past tense models:

  1. cost invar.
  2. feed vowel: long>short
  3. find i>ou
  4. know [o,a]>e
  5. mean +t
  6. panic -k-
  7. pay -ay>aid
  8. send -d>-t
  9. sing i>a, u
  10. show >ed, -n
  11. stick a>u, i>u
  12. sleep -ee_>-e_t
  13. speak >o_e, o_en
  14. spell >ed, -t
  15. take -ake>-ook, -aken
  16. think >-ought
  17. wear -ear>-ore, -orn
  18. write -i_e>o_e, i_en

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struggle

It is conjugated like: like
infinitive:
present participle:
past participle:
(to) struggle
struggling
struggled
definition
in Spanish
in French
in Italian

Indicative

presentAlso known as:
present simple or simple present
Istruggle
youstruggle
he, she, itstruggles
westruggle
youstruggle
theystruggle
simple pastAlso known as:
past simple or preterite
Istruggled
youstruggled
he, she, itstruggled
westruggled
youstruggled
theystruggled
future
Iwill struggle
youwill struggle
he, she, itwill struggle
wewill struggle
youwill struggle
theywill struggle

Perfect tenses

present perfect
Ihave struggled
youhave struggled
he, she, ithas struggled
wehave struggled
youhave struggled
theyhave struggled
past perfectAlso known as:
pluperfect
Ihad struggled
youhad struggled
he, she, ithad struggled
wehad struggled
youhad struggled
theyhad struggled
future perfect
Iwill have struggled
youwill have struggled
he, she, itwill have struggled
wewill have struggled
youwill have struggled
theywill have struggled

Continuous (progressive) and emphatic tenses

present continuous
Iam struggling
youare struggling
he, she, itis struggling
weare struggling
youare struggling
theyare struggling
past continuous
Iwas struggling
youwere struggling
he, she, itwas struggling
wewere struggling
youwere struggling
theywere struggling
present emphatic
Ido struggle
youdo struggle
he, she, itdoes struggle
wedo struggle
youdo struggle
theydo struggle
past emphatic
Idid struggle
youdid struggle
he, she, itdid struggle
wedid struggle
youdid struggle
theydid struggle

Compound continuous (progressive) tenses

present perfect
Ihave been struggling
youhave been struggling
he, she, ithas been struggling
wehave been struggling
youhave been struggling
theyhave been struggling
past perfect
Ihad been struggling
youhad been struggling
he, she, ithad been struggling
wehad been struggling
youhad been struggling
theyhad been struggling
future
Iwill be struggling
youwill be struggling
he, she, itwill be struggling
wewill be struggling
youwill be struggling
theywill be struggling
future perfect
Iwill have been struggling
youwill have been struggling
he, she, itwill have been struggling
wewill have been struggling
youwill have been struggling
theywill have been struggling

Conditional

present
Iwould struggle
youwould struggle
he, she, itwould struggle
wewould struggle
youwould struggle
theywould struggle
perfectAlso known as:
past conditional
Iwould have struggled
youwould have struggled
he, she, itwould have struggled
wewould have struggled
youwould have struggled
theywould have struggled
present continuous
Iwould be struggling
youwould be struggling
he, she, itwould be struggling
wewould be struggling
youwould be struggling
theywould be struggling
perfect continuous
Iwould have been struggling
youwould have been struggling
he, she, itwould have been struggling
wewould have been struggling
youwould have been struggling
theywould have been struggling

Imperative

present
(you)struggle!
(we)let's struggle!
(you)struggle!

Subjunctive

present
Istruggle
youstruggle
he, she, itstruggle
westruggle
youstruggle
theystruggle
past
Istruggled
youstruggled
he, she, itstruggled
westruggled
youstruggled
theystruggled
future
Ishould struggle
youshould struggle
he, she, itshould struggle
weshould struggle
youshould struggle
theyshould struggle

*Blue letters in conjugations are irregular forms. (example)
*Red letters in conjugations are exceptions to the model. (example)

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