WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
-cle1 , 
a suffix found in French loanwords of Latin origin, originally diminutive nouns, and later in adaptations of words borrowed directly from Latin or in Neo-Latin coinages:article; conventicle;
corpuscle;
particle.
Etymology: French, Old French Latin -culus, -cula, -culum, variant of -ulus -ule with nouns of the 3d, 4th and 5th declensions, usually with the same gender as the base noun

-cle2 , 
a suffix found in French loanwords of Latin origin, later in adaptations of words borrowed directly from Latin;
in Latin, this suffix formed from verbs nouns that denoted a place appropriate to the action of the verb (cubicle, receptacle) or a means by which the action is performed (vehicle).
Etymology: French, Old French Latin -culum, -cula *-tlom, *-tlā


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

-cle suffix forming nouns
  1. indicating smallness: cubicle, particle
Etymology: via Old French from Latin -culus. See -cule



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