- a country in central Europe: in the Middle Ages the centre of the Holy Roman Empire; dissolved into numerous principalities; united under the leadership of Prussia in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War; became a republic with reduced size in 1919 after being defeated in World War I; under the dictatorship of Hitler from 1933 to 1945; defeated in World War II and divided by the Allied Powers into four zones, which became established as East and West Germany in the late 1940s; reunified in 1990: a member of the European Union. It is flat and low-lying in the north with plateaus and uplands (including the Black Forest and the Bavarian Alps) in the centre and south. Official language: German. Religion: Christianity, Protestant majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Berlin. Pop: 82 526 000 (2004 est). Area: 357 041 sq km (137 825 sq miles)
German name: Deutschland
Official name: Federal Republic of Germany
See also East Germany, West Germany
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
- Place Namesa republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany;
East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216;
137,852 sq. mi. (357,039 sq. km).[Cap.:]Berlin. Official name, Federal Republic of Germany. German, Deutschland. Formerly, Deutsches Reich. Cf. East Germany, West Germany.