- a large island, lying mostly within the Arctic Circle off the NE coast of North America: first settled by Icelanders in 986; resettled by Danes from 1721 onwards; integral part of Denmark (1953–79); granted internal autonomy 1979; mostly covered by an icecap up to 3300 m (11 000 ft) thick, with ice-free coastal strips and coastal mountains; the population is largely Inuit, with a European minority; fishing, hunting, and mining. Capital: Nuuk (Godthåb). Pop: 57 000 (2003 est). Area: 175 600 sq km (840 000 sq miles)
Danish name: Grønland
Greenlandic name: Kalaallit Nunaat
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
- Place Namesa self-governing island belonging to Denmark, located NE of North America: the largest island in the world. 55,558;
ab. 844,000 sq. mi. (2,186,000 sq. km);
over 700,000 sq. mi. (1,800,000 sq. km) icecapped.[Cap.:]Godthåb.