- a republic in SE Europe: comprising the E part of the former principality of Moldavia, the E part of which (Bessarabia) was ceded to the Soviet Union in 1940 and formed the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic until it gained independence in 1991; an agricultural region with many vineyards. Official language: Romanian. Religion: nonreligious and Christian. Currency: leu. Capital: Chişinǎu (Kishinev). Pop: 4 263 000 (2004 est). Area: 33 670 sq km (13 000 sq miles)
Also called: Moldavia /mɒlˈdeɪvɪə/
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
Place Namesofficial name of Moldavia (def. 2). Mol•do′van, adj., n.