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The entry for "will" is displayed below.
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
will1 /wɪl/USA pronunciation
auxiliary v. and v., pres. will;WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
auxiliary, modal verb.
This word is used before the root form of the next verb
v. [~ + object]
- to indicate that the action of that verb is going to take place in the future:I will be there tomorrow.
- to express willingness:Nobody will help us.
- to express a command:You will report to the principal at once.
- to mean "may be expected or supposed to'':You will not have forgotten him.
- to express probability or to show what is likely:They will be asleep by this time, don't you think?
- to express customary action:She will write for hours at a time. Boys will be boys.
- to express capability:This couch will seat four.
will2 /wɪl/USA pronunciation
- to wish; like:Take what you will.
- the ability to do actions that one is conscious of and that one wishes to do deliberately[uncountable]the freedom of the will.
- the power of choosing or deciding[countable]a strong will.
- wish or desire[countable; usually singular]He went against his mother's will.
- purpose or determination[uncountable]the will to succeed.
- feelings, emotions, or regard toward another[uncountable]She still harbored a lot of ill will toward her old boss.
- Law[countable] a legal document stating what will happen to one's possessions or property after one's death.
- to decide upon or bring about by an act of the will[~ + object + to + verb]willed himself to get out of bed.
- Lawto give (one's possessions or property) to (someone) after one's death; bequeath: [~ + object + to + object]She willed the silver tea set to her daughter.[~ + object + object]She willed her the silver tea set.
- Idiomsat will, as one desires; whenever one chooses:The kids were free to wander at will.
(wil), auxiliary v. and v., pres. sing. 1st pers. will, 2nd will or ( [Archaic] ) wilt, 3rd will, pres. pl. will;
past sing. 1st pers. would, 2nd would or ( [Archaic] ) wouldst, 3rd would, past pl. would;
past part. ([Obs.])wold or would;
imperative, infinitive, and pres. participle lacking.
- am (is, are, etc.) about or going to:I will be there tomorrow. She will see you at dinner.
- am (is, are, etc.) disposed or willing to:People will do right.
- am (is, are, etc.) expected or required to:You will report to the principal at once.
- may be expected or supposed to:You will not have forgotten him. This will be right.
- am (is, are, etc.) determined or sure to (used emphatically):You would do it. People will talk.
- am (is, are, etc.) accustomed to, or do usually or often:You will often see her sitting there. He would write for hours at a time.
- am (is, are, etc.) habitually disposed or inclined to:Boys will be boys. After dinner they would read aloud.
- am (is, are, etc.) capable of; can:This tree will live without water for three months.
- am (is, are, etc.) going to:I will bid you "Good night.''
- to wish; desire;
like:Go where you will. Ask, if you will, who the owner is.
(wil), n., v., willed, will•ing.
Middle English willen, Old English wyllan;
cognate with Dutch willen, German wollen, Old Norse vilja, Gothic wiljan;
akin to Latin velle to wish
- the faculty of conscious and especially of deliberate action;
the power of control the mind has over its own actions:the freedom of the will.
- power of choosing one's own actions:to have a strong or a weak will.
- the act or process of using or asserting one's choice; volition:My hands are obedient to my will.
- wish or desire:to submit against one's will.
- purpose or determination, often hearty or stubborn determination; willfulness:to have the will to succeed.
- the wish or purpose as carried out, or to be carried out:to work one's will.
- disposition, whether good or ill, toward another.
- a legal declaration of a person's wishes as to the disposition of his or her property or estate after death, usually written and signed by the testator and attested by witnesses.
- the document containing such a declaration.
- at one's discretion or pleasure; as one desires:to wander at will through the countryside.
- at one's disposal or command.
- to decide, bring about, or attempt to effect or bring about by an act of the will:He can walk if he wills it.
- to purpose, determine on, or elect, by an act of will:If he wills success, he can find it.
- Lawto give or dispose of (property) by a will or testament; bequeath or devise.
- to influence by exerting will power:She was willed to walk the tightrope by the hypnotist.
- to exercise the will:To will is not enough, one must do.
- to decide or determine:Others debate, but the king wills.
Etymology:bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English will(e), Old English will(a);
3 . choice. 4 . pleasure, disposition, inclination. 5 . resolution, decision. Will, volition refer to conscious choice as to action or thought. Will denotes fixed and persistent intent or purpose:Where there's a will there's a way.Volition is the power of forming an intention or the incentive for using the will:to exercise one's volition in making a decision. 10 . determine. 12 . leave.
cognate with Dutch wil, German Wille, Old Norse vili, Gothic wilja;
(verb, verbal) Middle English willen, Old English willian to wish, desire, derivative of the noun, nominal;
akin to will1
- a male given name, form of William.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
will /wɪl/ vb ( past would)
takes an infinitive without to or an implied infinitive:
Etymology: Old English willan; related to Old Saxon willian, Old Norse vilja, Old High German wollen, Latin velle to wish, willUSAGE
esp with you, he, she, it, they, or a noun as subject: used as an auxiliary to make the future tense
- used as an auxiliary to express resolution on the part of the speaker: I will buy that radio if it's the last thing I do
- used as an auxiliary to indicate willingness or desire: will you help me with this problem?
- used as an auxiliary to express compulsion, as in commands: you will report your findings to me tomorrow
- used as an auxiliary to express capacity or ability: this rope will support a load
- used as an auxiliary to express probability or expectation on the part of the speaker: that will be Jim telephoning
- used as an auxiliary to express customary practice or inevitability: boys will be boys
- (with the infinitive always implied) used as an auxiliary to express desire: usually in polite requests: stay if you will
- what you will ⇒ whatever you like
- will do ⇒ informal a declaration of willingness to do what is requested
will /wɪl/ n
vb (mainly tr; often takes a clause as object or an infinitive)
- the faculty of conscious and deliberate choice of action; volition
Related adjective(s): voluntary, volitive
- the act or an instance of asserting a choice
- the declaration of a person's wishes regarding the disposal of his or her property after death
Related adjective(s): testamentary
- a revocable instrument by which such wishes are expressed
- anything decided upon or chosen, esp by a person in authority; desire; wish
- determined intention: where there's a will there's a way
- disposition or attitude towards others: he bears you no ill will
- at will ⇒ at one's own desire, inclination, or choice
- with a will ⇒ heartily; energetically
- with the best will in the world ⇒ even with the best of intentions
Etymology: Old English willa; related to Old Norse vili, Old High German willeo (German Wille), Gothic wilja, Old Slavonic voljaˈwiller n
- (also intr) to exercise the faculty of volition in an attempt to accomplish (something): he willed his wife's recovery from her illness
- to give (property) by will to a person, society, etc: he willed his art collection to the nation
- (also intr) to order or decree: the king wills that you shall die
- to choose or prefer: wander where you will
- to yearn for or desire: to will that one's friends be happy