- to make or become less in amount, intensity, degree, etc
- (transitive) to remove, suppress, or terminate (a nuisance)
- to suspend or extinguish (a claim or action)
- to annul (a writ)
- (intransitive) (of a writ, legal action, etc) to become null and void
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
- [~ + object] to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.;
diminish: to abate a tax.
- to diminish in amount, degree, or intensity:[no object]The hurricane has abated. Her fears have abated somewhat.
- to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.;
diminish:to abate a tax; to abate one's enthusiasm.
- to put an end to or suppress (a nuisance).
- to suspend or extinguish (an action).
- to annul (a writ).
- to deduct or subtract:to abate part of the cost.
- to omit:to abate all mention of names.
- Fine Artto remove, as in stone carving, or hammer down, as in metalwork, (a portion of a surface) in order to produce a figure or pattern in low relief.
- to diminish in intensity, violence, amount, etc.:The storm has abated. The pain in his shoulder finally abated.
- Lawto end;
become null and void.
a•bat′er* [Law.]a•ba′tor, n.
- Late Latin batere for Latin battuere to beat; a- perh. also understood as a-3
- Middle French abatre to beat down, equivalent. to a- a-5 + batre
- Middle English 1300–50
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged decrease, weaken.
- 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged subside.
- 1, 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged increase, intensify.