abbreviate

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 /əˈbriːvɪˌeɪt/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
ab•bre•vi•ate /əˈbriviˌeɪt/USA pronunciation   v. [+ object], -at•ed, -at•ing. 
  1. to shorten (a word or phrase) by omitting letters so that the shortened form stands for the whole word or phrase:[usually: be + ~-ed + to]United Nations is frequently abbreviated to UN.
  2. to make briefer:He abbreviated his speech.
See -brev-.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
ab•bre•vi•ate  (ə brēvē āt′),USA pronunciation v.,  -at•ed, -at•ing. 
v.t. 
  1. to shorten (a word or phrase) by omitting letters, substituting shorter forms, etc., so that the shortened form can represent the whole word or phrase, as ft. for foot, ab. for about, R.I. for Rhode Island, NW for Northwest, or Xn for Christian.
  2. to reduce (anything) in length, duration, etc.;
    make briefer:to abbreviate a speech.

v.i. 
  1. to use abbreviations.
ab•brevi•a′tor, n. 
  • Late Latin abbreviātus shortened (past participle of abbreviāre), equivalent. to Latin ad- ad- + breviātus (brevi(s) short + -ātus -ate1)
  • late Middle English abbreviaten 1400–50
    See  shorten. 


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

abbreviate /əˈbriːvɪˌeɪt/ vb (transitive)
  1. to shorten (a word or phrase) by contraction or omission of some letters or words
  2. to cut short
Etymology: 15th Century: from the past participle of Late Latin abbreviāre, from Latin brevis brief



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