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The entry for "advance" is displayed below.
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
ad•vance /ædˈvæns/USA pronunciation
v., -vanced, -vanc•ing, n., adj. v.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to move, send, or bring forward: [~ + object]to advance a deadline; The general advanced his armies to the border.[no object]The army advanced to the border.[no object; (~ + on + object)]He advanced on the city.
- to bring into consideration;
propose:[~ + object]advanced a proposal for a tax cut.
- [~ + object] to further the development, progress, or prospects of: to advance one's interests.
- to raise in rank;
promote: [~ + object]advanced the soldier from private to corporal.[no object]The soldier advanced rapidly through the ranks.
- to increase in rate or amount: [~ + object]The central bank quietly advanced interest rates.[no object]Prices advanced in the last quarter.
- to furnish or supply on credit:[~ + object + object]We advanced her money to buy a new car.
- to improve or make progress:[no object]The economy advanced last year.
adj. [before a noun]
- [countable] a forward movement: the advance of the troops.
- a development showing progress;
a step forward;
advancement:[countable]The prize is awarded for advances in science.
- Usually, advances. [plural]
- initial steps in forming an acquaintanceship, reaching an agreement, etc.:made a few discreet advances toward a corporate merger.
- sexually suggestive overtones:She resisted his advances.
- Business a rise in price, value, etc:[countable]Advances outnumbered declines on the stock market.
- Business a furnishing of something before an equivalent is received, esp. money or a payment:[countable]an advance on one's salary.
- going or placed before:an advance guard.
- made, given, or issued ahead of time:an advance payment.
- Idioms in advance,
- Idiomsbeforehand: Get your tickets in advance.
- [be + ~ + of + object] better developed: These computers are far in advance of the old ones.
(ad vans′, -väns′),USA pronunciation v., -vanced, -vanc•ing, n., adj. v.t.
- to move or bring forward:The general advanced his troops to the new position.
- to bring into consideration or notice;
propose:to advance reasons for a tax cut.
- to improve;
further:to advance one's interests.
- to raise in rank;
promote:The board of directors advanced him to president.
- to raise in rate or amount;
increase:to advance the price.
- to bring forward in time;
accelerate:to advance growth; to advance clocks one hour.
- to supply beforehand;
furnish on credit or before goods are delivered or work is done.
- Businessto furnish as part of a stock or fund.
- to supply or pay in expectation of reimbursement:They advanced her $5000 against future royalties.
- to schedule at a later time or date:to advance a meeting from early to late fall.
- Informal Termsto do advance publicity for:to advance a rock singer's personal appearances; the most heavily advanced sports event in history.
- [Archaic.]to raise, as a banner.
- to move or go forward;
proceed:The troops advanced.
- to increase in quantity, value, price, etc.:His stock advanced three points.
- (of a color, form, etc., on a flat surface) to move toward or be perceived as moving toward an observer, esp. as giving the illusion of space. Cf. recede1 (def. 3).
- to improve or make progress.
- to grow or rise in importance, status, etc.:to advance in rank.
- Informal Termsto provide publicity;
do promotion:He was hired to advance for a best-selling author.
- a forward movement;
progress in space:the advance of the troops to the border.
improvement in importance, rank, etc.:his advance to the position of treasurer.
- Usually, advances.
- attempts at forming an acquaintanceship, reaching an agreement, or the like, made by one party.
- actions or words intended to be sexually inviting.
- Businessaddition to price;
rise in price:an advance on cottons.
- Businessa giving beforehand;
a furnishing of something before an equivalent is received:An advance on his next month's salary permitted him to pay his debt on time.
- Businessthe money or goods thus furnished:He received $100 as an advance against future delivery.
- copy prepared before the event it describes has occurred:The morning papers carried advances on the ceremony, which will take place tonight.
- a press release, wire-service dispatch, or the like, as one containing the text or partial text of a speech, sent to arrive in advance of the event to which it is related. Cf. release copy.
- Militarythe leading body of an army.
- Military(formerly) the order or a signal to advance.
- Informal Terms
- publicity done before the appearance of a noted person, a public event, etc.:She was hired to do advance for the candidate.
- a person hired to do advance publicity for an event:He is regarded as the best advance in the business.
- Automotivean adjustment made in the setting of the distributor of an internal-combustion engine to generate the spark for ignition in each cylinder earlier in the cycle. Cf. retard (def. 5).
- Geologya seaward movement of the shoreline.
- in advance, ahead of time;
beforehand:You must get your tickets in advance.
- in advance of, in front of;
before:Heralds walked in advance of the king.
- going or placed before:an advance section of a train.
- made or given ahead of time:an advance payment on a loan.
- issued ahead of time:an advance copy of the President's speech.
- having gone beyond others or beyond the average.
- Vulgar Latin *abantiāre, verb, verbal derivative of Late Latin abante in front (of ) (Latin ab away from, off + ante before); ad- by mistaking a- for a-5 in the 16th cent.
- Anglo-French, Old French avanc(i)er
- Middle English avauncen 1200–50
- 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged adduce, propound;
- 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged forward, promote.
- 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged force;
quicken, hasten, speed up.
- 9.See corresponding entry in Unabridged lend, loan.
- 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Advance, move on, proceed all imply movement forward. Advance applies to forward movement, esp. toward an objective:to advance to a platform.Proceed emphasizes movement, as from one place to another, and often implies continuing after a halt:to proceed on one's journey.Move on is similar in meaning to proceed;
it does not, however, imply a definite goal:The crowd was told to move on.
- 16.See corresponding entry in Unabridged thrive, flourish;
- 20.See corresponding entry in Unabridged growth, advancement.
- 21.See corresponding entry in Unabridged overture, proposal;
- 24.See corresponding entry in Unabridged prepublication.
- 25.See corresponding entry in Unabridged spearhead.
- 1, 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged withdraw.
- 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged retreat.
- 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged decrease.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
advance /ədˈvɑːns/ vb
- to go or bring forward in position
- (followed by on) to move (towards) in a threatening manner
- (transitive) to present for consideration; suggest
- to bring or be brought to a further stage of development; improve; further
- (transitive) to cause (an event) to occur earlier
- (transitive) to supply (money, goods, etc) beforehand, either for a loan or as an initial payment
- to increase (a price, value, rate of occurrence, etc) or (of a price, etc) to be increased
- (intransitive) to improve one's position; be promoted
See also advancesEtymology: 15th Century: advauncen, altered (on the model of words beginning with Latin ad-) from C13 avauncen, via Old French from Latin abante from before, from ab- away from + ante beforeadˈvancer n
- forward movement; progress in time or space
- improvement; progress in development
- the supplying of commodities or funds before receipt of an agreed consideration
- the commodities or funds supplied in this manner
- Also called: advance payment a money payment made before it is legally due: this is an advance on your salary
- a loan of money
- an increase in price, value, rate of occurrence, etc
- a less common word for advancement
- in advance ⇒ beforehand: payment in advance
- (followed by of) ahead in time or development: ideas in advance of the time
- (modifier) forward in position or time: advance booking, an advance warning
'advance warning' also found in these entries: