WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
all /ɔl/USA pronunciation
adj. [usually before a noun; but see definition 1]WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
- the whole or full amount of or number of: [~ + the + uncountable noun]She ate all the cake.[~ + some nouns of time]I waited for her call all afternoon.[~ (+ the) + plural noun]all (the) students.[after the subject of a sentence]The girls all enjoy camping.[after a pronoun objectect of a sentence]I've seen them all.
- the greatest possible: with all speed.
any whatever: beyond all doubt.
purely: The coat is all wool.
- dominated by a particular feature:I'm all thumbs (= very clumsy) when it comes to auto repairs.
- the whole quantity, number, or entire amount:Did you eat all of the peanuts?
- [uncountable] one's whole interest, energy, or property: Give it your all.
- [uncountable] the entire area, place, environment, or the like: All is calm, all is bright.
- every one;
everybody (a formal use):[plural; used with a plural verb]All rise, the court is in session.
- everything:[uncountable]Is that all you've got to say?
completely: all alone.
apiece:The score was tied at one all.
- Idioms all but, [be + ~] almost;
very nearly: These batteries are all but dead.
- Idioms all in all, everything considered;
in general: All in all, we're better off now than we were ten years ago.
- Idioms all out, with one's best effort:The team went all out to win the game.
- Idioms all the better, so much the better:If my opponent loses, all the better for me.
- Idioms, Informal Terms all there, [usually with a negative word or phrase, or in questions] mentally competent:She doesn't seem all there.
- Idiomsall told, all together;
all included:All told, some sixty-five people came to the party.
- Idioms and all, and so forth:What with the late hour and all, we must leave.
- Idioms at all, (used to give emphasis to a word or phrase, esp. a word or phrase with "any'' in it):
- in the slightest degree or amount:Aren't there any doughnuts left at all?
- for any reason: Why bother at all?
- in any way: didn't cause me any trouble at all.
- (used in other phrases for emphasis):Look, I'll take a job anywhere at all.
- Idioms for all (that), in spite of (that);
notwithstanding: It was a difficult time living abroad, but for all that, it was a good year.
- Idioms in all, all included;
all together:There were forty in all.
- Idiomsof all, (used to give emphasis after a word like "first'', "last'', "best''):First of all, welcome to our college.
(ôl),USA pronunciation adj. WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
- the whole of (used in referring to quantity, extent, or duration):all the cake;all the way;all year.
- the whole number of (used in referring to individuals or particulars, taken collectively):all students.
- the greatest possible (used in referring to quality or degree):with all due respect; with all speed.
- every:all kinds; all sorts.
any whatever:beyond all doubt.
- nothing but;
only:The coat is all wool.
- dominated by or as if by the conspicuous possession or use of a particular feature:The colt was all legs. They were all ears, listening attentively to everything she said.
- Dialect Terms[Chiefly Pennsylvania German.]all gone;
finished:The pie is all.
- the whole quantity or amount:He ate all of the peanuts. All are gone.
- the whole number;
every one:all of us.
- everything:Is that all you want to say? All is lost.
- one's whole interest, energy, or property:to give one's all; to lose one's all.
- (often cap.) the entire universe.
- above all, before everything else;
chiefly:Above all, the little girl wanted a piano.
- after all, in spite of the circumstances;
notwithstanding:He came in time after all.
- all in all:
- everything considered;
in general:All in all, her health is greatly improved.
- altogether:There were twelve absentees all in all.
everything regarded as important:Painting became his all in all.
- Printing, Journalismall in hand, (of the copy for typesetting a particular article, book, issue, etc.) in the possession of the compositor.
- and all, together with every other associated or connected attribute, object, or circumstance:What with the snow and all, we may be a little late.
- at all:
- in the slightest degree:I wasn't surprised at all.
- for any reason:Why bother at all?
- in any way:no offense at all.
- for all (that), in spite of;
notwithstanding:For all that, it was a good year.
- in all, all included;
all together:a hundred guests in all.
- once and for all, for the last time;
finally:The case was settled once and for all when the appeal was denied.
exclusively:He spent his income all on pleasure.
apiece:The score was one all.
- all at once. See once (def. 14).
- all but, almost;
very nearly:These batteries are all but dead.
- Dialect Termsall in, Northern and Western U.S. very tired;
exhausted:We were all in at the end of the day.
- Nauticalall in the wind, too close to the wind.
- all out, with all available means or effort:We went all out to win the war.
- all over:
in every part.
- in every respect;
- all standing, [Naut.]
- Naval Termsin such a way and so suddenly that sails or engines are still set to propel a vessel forward:The ship ran aground all standing.
- Naval Termsfully clothed:The crew turned in all standing.
- Naval Termsfully equipped, as a vessel.
- all that, remarkably;
decidedly (used in negative constructions):It's not all that different from your other house.
- all the better, more advantageous;
so much the better:If the sun shines it will be all the better for our trip.
- all there, [Informal.]mentally competent;
not insane or feeble-minded:Some of his farfetched ideas made us suspect that he wasn't all there.
- all the same. See same (def. 8).
- all told. See told (def. 2).
- all up:
- Journalism[Print., Journ.](of copy) completely set in type.
- [Informal.]with no vestige of hope remaining:It's all up with George—they've caught him.
- *ol-io-; compare almighty
- *ol-no-, equivalent. to Welsh oll and akin to Old Irish uile
- bef. 900; Middle English al, plural alle; Old English eal(l); cognate with Gothic alls, Old Norse allr, Old Frisian, Dutch, Middle Low German al, Old Saxon, Old High German al(l) (German all); if
- 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged every one of, each of.
- 23.See corresponding entry in Unabridged totally, utterly, fully.
Expressions like all the farther and all the higher occur chiefly in informal speech:This is all the farther the bus goes. That's all the higher she can jump.Elsewhere as far as and as high as are generally used:This is as far as the bus goes. That's as high as she can jump.Although some object to the inclusion of of in such phrases as all of the students and all of the contracts and prefer to omit it, the construction is entirely standard.See also already, alright, altogether.
var. of allo- before a vowel:allonym.
but1 /bʌt; unstressed bət/USA pronunciation
conj. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
- on the contrary: My brother went, but I did not.
- and yet;
nevertheless: The story is strange but true (= The story is strange and yet it is true).
- except: She did nothing but complain (= She did nothing except that she complained).
- otherwise than: There is no hope but through prayer (= There is no hope other than the hope of prayer).
- without the (additional) circumstance that: It never rains but it pours (= It never rains without also pouring). No leaders ever existed but they were optimists (= No leaders existed who were not optimists;
All leaders who ever existed were optimists).
- that (used esp. after words like doubt, deny, etc., with a negative word like not): I don't doubt but you'll do it.
- (used to show a feeling of happiness, shock, or surprise about something): But that's wonderful! But that's amazing!
- Informal. than: It no sooner started raining but it stopped.
- with the exception of: No one replied but me. Everyone but John was there.
- other than: She is nothing but trouble (= She is nothing other than trouble;
she is a lot of trouble).
just: There is but one answer.
- buts, [plural] objections: You'll do as you're told, no buts about it.
- Idiomsbut for, except for;
were it not for;
if something had not happened or existed:We would still be prisoners there but for the daring rescue by the commandos (= We would still be prisoners if the daring rescue had not happened).
(but; unstressed bət),USA pronunciation conj.
- on the contrary;
yet:My brother went, but I did not.
save:She was so overcome with grief she could do nothing but weep.
except that (fol. by a clause, often with that expressed):Nothing would do but that I should come in.
- without the circumstance that:It never rains but it pours.
- otherwise than:There is no hope but by prayer.
- that (used esp. after doubt, deny, etc., with a negative):I don't doubt but he will do it.
- who not;
that not:No leaders worthy of the name ever existed but they were optimists.
- (used as an intensifier to introduce an exclamatory expression):But she's beautiful!
- [Informal.]than:It no sooner started raining but it stopped.
- but what. See what (def. 31).
- with the exception of;
save:No one replied but me.
just:There is but one God.
- but for, except for;
were it not for:But for the excessive humidity, it might have been a pleasant day.
- buts, reservations or objections:You'll do as you're told, no buts about it.
- Middle English buten, Old English būtan for phrase be ūtan on the outside, without. See by, out bef. 900
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged But, however, nevertheless, still, yet are words implying opposition (with a possible concession). But marks an opposition or contrast, though in a casual way:We are going, but we shall return.However indicates a less marked opposition, but displays a second consideration to be compared with the first:We are going; however("notice this also''), we shall return. Nevertheless implies a concession, something which should not be forgotten in making a summing up:We are going; nevertheless("do not forget that''), we shall return. Still implies that in spite of a preceding concession, something must be considered as possible or even inevitable:We have to go on foot; still("it is probable and possible that''), we'll get there. Yet implies that in spite of a preceding concession, there is still a chance for a different outcome:We are going; yet("in spite of all, some day''), we shall return.
- 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See except 1.
1. But, like and, is a common transitional word and often begins sentences. When it is used in the middle of a sentence as a coordinating conjunction like and or so, it is not followed by a comma unless the comma is one of a pair setting off a parenthetical expression:His political affiliations make no difference, but his lack of ethics does. The cast is nearly complete, but, our efforts notwithstanding, we lack a star.See also and, so1. 2, 11. When but is understood as a conjunction and the pronoun following it is understood as the subject of an incompletely expressed clause, the pronoun is in the subjective case:Everyone lost faith in the plan but she(did not lose faith). In virtually identical contexts, when but is understood as a preposition, the pronoun following it is in the objective case:Everyone lost faith but her.The prepositional use is more common. However, when prepositional but and its following pronoun occur near the beginning of a sentence, the subjective case often appears:Everyone but she lost faith in the plan.See also doubt, than.
(but),USA pronunciation n. [Scot.]
- Scottish Termsthe outer or front room of a house;
the outer or front apartment in an apartment house.
- Scottish Termsthe kitchen of a two-room dwelling, esp. of a cottage.
(but),USA pronunciation butt5.
- noun, nominal use of but1 (adverb, adverbial) outside, outside the house 1715–25
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
all /ɔːl/ determiner
- the whole quantity or amount of; totality of; every one of a class: all the rice, all men are mortal
- (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): all of it is nice, all are welcome
- (in combination with a noun used as a modifier): an all-ticket match, an all-amateur tournament, an all-night sitting
- the greatest possible: in all earnestness
- any whatever: to lose all hope of recovery, beyond all doubt
- all along ⇒ all the time
- all but ⇒ almost; nearly: all but dead
- all of ⇒ no less or smaller than: she's all of thirteen years
- all over ⇒ finished; at an end
- over the whole area (of something); everywhere (in, on, etc): all over England
- typically; representatively (in the phrase that's me (you, him, us, them,etc) all over)
- unduly effusive towards
- See all in
- all in all ⇒ everything considered: all in all, it was a great success
- the object of one's attention or interest: you are my all in all
- all the ⇒ (followed by a comparative adjective or adverb) so much (more or less) than otherwise: we must work all the faster now
- all too ⇒ definitely but regrettably: it's all too true
- at all ⇒ (used with a negative or in a question) in any way whatsoever or to any extent or degree: I didn't know that at all
- even so; anyway: I'm surprised you came at all
- be all for ⇒ informal to be strongly in favour of
- for all ⇒ in so far as; to the extent that: for all anyone knows, he was a baron
- notwithstanding: for all my pushing, I still couldn't move it
- for all that ⇒ in spite of that: he was a nice man for all that
- in all ⇒ altogether: there were five of them in all
- (in scores of games) apiece; each: the score at half time was three all
- completely: all alone
Etymology: Old English eall; related to Old High German al, Old Norse allr, Gothic alls all
- preceded by my, your, his, etc: (one's) complete effort or interest: to give your all, you are my all
- totality or whole
but /bʌt; (unstressed) bət/ conj (coordinating)
- contrary to expectation: he cut his knee but didn't cry
- in contrast; on the contrary: I like opera but my husband doesn't
- (usually used after a negative) other than: we can't do anything but wait
- (usually used after a negative) without it happening or being the case that: we never go out but it rains
- (followed by that) except that: nothing is impossible but that we live forever
- archaic if not; unless
- informal used to introduce an exclamation: my, but you're nice
- except; save: they saved all but one of the pigs
- but for ⇒ were it not for: but for you, we couldn't have managed
- just; merely; only: he was but a child, I can but try
- Scot Austral NZ informal though; however: it's a rainy day: warm, but
- all but ⇒ almost; practically: he was all but dead when we found him
Etymology: Old English būtan without, outside, except, from be by + ūtan out; related to Old Saxon biūtan, Old High German biūzan
- an objection (esp in the phrase ifs and buts)
but /bʌt/ Scot n
prep , adv
- the outer room of a two-roomed cottage: usually the kitchen
Etymology: 18th Century: from but (adv) outside, hence, outer room; see but1
- in or into the outer part (of a house)
'all but' also found in these entries: