allowance

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 /əˈlaʊəns/

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
al•low•ance /əˈlaʊəns/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. an amount or share set aside for a purpose: a dietary allowance of 900 calories a day.
  2. a sum of money set aside for a particular purpose: an allowance of $200 for travel.
  3. a sum of money given on a regular basis:Each child got a weekly allowance.
Idioms
  1. Idiomsmake allowance(s) for, [+ object]
    • to overlook the existence or nature of:We have to make allowances for her faults.
    • to allow for, as by reserving time, money, etc., for:We have to make allowances for the traffic.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
al•low•ance  (ə louəns),USA pronunciation n., v.,  -anced, -anc•ing. 
n. 
  1. the act of allowing.
  2. an amount or share allotted or granted.
  3. a sum of money allotted or granted for a particular purpose, as for expenses:Her allowance for the business trip was $200.
  4. a sum of money allotted or granted to a person on a regular basis, as for personal or general living expenses:The art student lived on an allowance of $300 a month. When I was in first grade, my parents gave me an allowance of 50 cents a week.
  5. an addition or deduction based on an extenuating or qualifying circumstance:an allowance for profit; an allowance for depreciation.
  6. acknowledgment;
    concession:the allowance of a claim.
  7. sanction;
    tolerance:the allowance of slavery.
  8. Mechanical Engineering[Mach.]a prescribed difference in dimensions of two closely fitting mating parts with regard to minimum clearance or maximum interference. Cf. tolerance (def. 6a).
  9. Currency[Coining.]tolerance (def. 7).
  10. make allowance or  allowances (for): 
    • to take mitigating factors or circumstances into consideration.
    • to pardon;
      excuse.
    • to reserve time, money, etc.;
      allow for:Make allowance for souvenirs on the return trip.

v.t. 
  1. to place on a fixed allowance, as of food or drink.
  2. to allocate (supplies, rations, etc.) in fixed or regular amounts.
  • Middle French. See allow, -ance
  • Middle English alouance 1350–1400
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged allotment.
    • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged stipend.
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged permission, authorization, approval, sufferance.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

allowance /əˈlaʊəns/ n
  1. an amount of something, esp money or food, given or allotted usually at regular intervals
  2. a discount, as in consideration for something given in part exchange or to increase business; rebate
  3. (in Britain) an amount of a person's income that is not subject to a particular tax and is therefore deducted before his or her liability to taxation is assessed
  4. a portion set aside to compensate for something or to cover special expenses
  5. admission; concession
  6. the act of allowing; sanction; toleration
  7. make allowances, make allowance ⇒ (usually followed by for) to take mitigating circumstances into account in consideration (of)
  8. to allow (for)



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