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artificial variable

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
ar•ti•fi•cial /ˌɑrtəˈfɪʃəl/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. made by human skill; not natural:an artificial satellite.
  2. Jewelry, imitation;
    not real: artificial vanilla flavoring.
  3. lacking naturalness;
    forced:an artificial smile.
ar•ti•fi•ci•al•i•ty /ˌɑrtəˌfɪʃiˈælɪti/USA pronunciation  n. [uncountable]
ar•ti•fi•cial•ly, adv. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
ar•ti•fi•cial  (är′tə fishəl),USA pronunciation adj. 
  1. made by human skill;
    produced by humans (opposed to natural):artificial flowers.
  2. Jewelryimitation;
    sham:artificial vanilla flavoring.
  3. lacking naturalness or spontaneity;
    feigned:an artificial smile.
  4. full of affectation;
    stilted:artificial manners; artificial speech.
  5. made without regard to the particular needs of a situation, person, etc.;
    imposed arbitrarily;
    unnatural:artificial rules for dormitory residents.
  6. Biologybased on arbitrary, superficial characteristics rather than natural, organic relationships:an artificial system of classification.
  7. Jewelrymanufactured to resemble a natural gem, in chemical composition or appearance. Cf. assembled, imitation (def. 11), synthetic (def. 6).
ar′ti•ficial•ly, adv. 
ar′ti•ficial•ness, n. 
  • Latin artificiālis contrived by art; see artifice, -al1
  • Middle English 1350–1400
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged synthetic.
    • 2, 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged counterfeit, factitious.
    • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged pretentious.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged genuine, real.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

artificial /ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl/ adj
  1. produced by man; not occurring naturally: artificial materials of great strength
  2. made in imitation of a natural product, esp as a substitute; not genuine: artificial cream
  3. pretended; assumed; insincere: an artificial manner
  4. lacking in spontaneity; affected: an artificial laugh
  5. relating to superficial characteristics not based on the interrelationships of organisms: an artificial classification
Etymology: 14th Century: from Latin artificiālis belonging to art, from artificium skill, artifice

artificiality /ˌɑːtɪˌfɪʃɪˈælɪtɪ/ n ˌartiˈficially adv


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