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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
bad1 /bæd/USA pronunciation
adj., worse/wɝs/USA pronunciation worst /wɝst/USA pronunciation ;WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
(Slang )bad•der, bad•dest for 16;
- not good in any manner or degree:bad traffic.
- wicked or evil in character:the bad witch.
- of low or inferior quality; deficient:bad roads.
- disobedient or naughty:She was a very bad girl today.
- inaccurate; incorrect: a bad guess.
- causing injury or harm: Sugar is bad for the teeth.
- suffering from sickness, pain, or injury:He was so bad yesterday that he stayed in bed.
- diseased, decayed, or weakened: a bad heart .
- spoiled or rotten:The milk has gone bad.
- disagreeable; unpleasant: bad dreams.
intense: a bad flood.
- regretful, sorry, sad, or upset: He felt bad about leaving.
- showing or having a lack of skill or ability:What a bad actor! [ be + ~ + at]:I was really bad at drawing.
- unfortunate or unfavorable: bad news.
- [before a noun] (of a debt) unlikely to be paid and so treated as a loss:bad loans.
- Slang TermsSlang. outstandingly good; first-rate: He is one bad drummer.
- something that is bad:to take the bad with the good.
- [Informal.]badly: She wanted it bad enough to steal it.
- Idiomsbadly or bad off, poor;
destitute:They were badly off during the Depression.
- Idioms in a bad way, in severe trouble or distress:She's in a bad way now.
- Idiomsnot (half, so, or too) bad, somewhat good;tolerable:not half bad for a first effort.
- (used to express regret or disappointment):You didn't pass? Oh, that's too bad.
You can use the adjective bad, meaning "unpleasant, unattractive, unfavorable, spoiled, etc.,'' after such verbs as sound, smell, look, and taste: The music sounds bad.The locker room smells bad. You look pretty bad;
- (used to express impatience or lack of concern ):You don't like it here? Too bad.
are you sick? After the rainstorm the water tasted bad. After the verb feel, you can also use the adjective badly when describing physical or emotional states: She was feeling badly that day. That use is considered standard, although bad is more common in formal writing. bad as an adverb appears mainly in informal situations: He wanted it pretty bad . See also badly, good.
(bad), adj., worse, worst;WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
(Slang)bad•der, bad•dest for 36;
- not good in any manner or degree.
- having a wicked or evil character;
morally reprehensible:There is no such thing as a bad boy.
- of poor or inferior quality; defective;
deficient:a bad diamond;
a bad spark plug.
- inadequate or below standard;
not satisfactory for use:bad heating; Living conditions in some areas are very bad.
- inaccurate, incorrect, or faulty:a bad guess.
- invalid, unsound, or false:a bad insurance claim; bad judgment.
- causing or liable to cause sickness or ill health;
injurious or harmful:Too much sugar is bad for your teeth.
- suffering from sickness, ill health, pain, or injury; sick;
ill:He felt bad from eating the green apples.
- not healthy or in good physical condition;
diseased, decayed, or physically weakened:A bad heart kept him out of the army.
- tainted, spoiled, or rotten, esp. to the point of being inedible:The meat is bad because you left it out of the refrigerator too long.
- having a disastrous or detrimental effect, result, or tendency; unfavorable:The drought is bad for the farmers. His sloppy appearance made a bad impression.
- causing or characterized by discomfort, inconvenience, uneasiness, or annoyance;
unpleasant:I had a bad flight to Chicago.
- easily provoked to anger; irascible:a bad temper.
- cross, irritable, or surly:If I don't have my morning coffee, I'm in a bad mood all day.
- more uncomfortable, persistent, painful, or dangerous than usual; severe:a bad attack of asthma.
- causing or resulting in disaster or severe damage or destruction:a bad flood.
- regretful, contrite, dejected, or upset:He felt bad about having to leave the children all alone.
- disobedient, naughty, or misbehaving:If you're bad at school, you'll go to bed without supper.
- disreputable or dishonorable:He's getting a bad name from changing jobs so often.
- displaying a lack of skill, talent, proficiency, or judgment:a bad painting; Bad drivers cause most of the accidents.
- causing distress;
unfortunate or unfavorable:I'm afraid I have bad news for you.
- not suitable or appropriate; disadvantageous or dangerous:It was a bad day for fishing.
considered too stormy, hot, cold, etc.:We had a bad winter with a lot of snow.
- disagreeable or offensive to the senses:a bad odor.
- exhibiting a lack of artistic sensitivity:The room was decorated in bad taste.
- not in keeping with a standard of behavior or conduct; coarse:bad manners.
(of a word, speech, or writing)
- vulgar, obscene, or blasphemous:bad language.
unattractive, esp. because of a lack of pleasing proportions:She has a bad figure.
(of the complexion) marred by defects; pockmarked or pimply;
- not properly observing rules or customs of grammar, usage, spelling, etc.; incorrect:He speaks bad English.
not profitable or worth the price paid:The land was a bad buy.
Communications, Business[Com.]deemed uncollectible or irrecoverable and treated as a loss:a bad debt.
ill-spent; wasted:Don't throw good money after bad money.
not genuine:There was a bad ten-dollar bill in with the change.
having the character of a villain; villainous:In the movies the good guys always beat the bad guys.
Sport[Sports.]failing to land within the in-bounds limits of a court or section of a court;
missing the mark;
not well aimed.
Slang Terms[Slang.]outstandingly excellent;
first-rate:He's a bad man on drums, and the fans love him.
Idiomsin a bad way, in severe trouble or distress.
- tolerably good; not without merit:The dinner wasn't bad, but I've had better.
Idiomstoo bad, unfortunate or disappointing:It's too bad that he didn't go to college.
- not difficult:Once you know geometry, trigonometry isn't bad.Also,not so bad, not too bad.
- that which is bad:You have to take the bad with the good.
- a bad condition, character, or quality:His health seemed to go from bad to worse.
- (used with a pl. v.) evil persons collectively (usually prec. by the):The bad are always stirring up trouble.
- Idiomsgo to the bad, to deteriorate physically or morally; go to ruin:She wept at seeing her son go to the bad.
in bad, [Informal.]
Idiomsto the bad, in arrears:He's $100 to the bad on his debt.
- in disfavor:He's in bad with his father-in-law.
- badly:He wanted it bad enough to steal it.
- Idiomsbad off, in poor or distressed condition or circumstances; destitute:His family has been pretty bad off since he lost his job.Also,badly off. Cf. well-off.
2 . depraved, corrupt, base, sinful, criminal, atrocious. Bad, evil, ill, wicked are closest in meaning in reference to that which is lacking in moral qualities or is actually vicious and reprehensible. Bad is the broadest and simplest term:a bad man; bad habits.Evil applies to that which violates or leads to the violation of moral law:evil practices.Ill now appears mainly in certain fixed expressions, with a milder implication than that in evil:ill will; ill-natured.Wicked implies willful and determined doing of what is very wrong:a wicked plan. 10 . putrefied. 21 . adverse, unlucky, unhappy.
The adjective bad meaning "unpleasant, unattractive, unfavorable, spoiled, etc.,'' is the usual form to follow such copulative verbs as sound, smell, look, and taste: After the rainstorm the water tasted bad. The coach says the locker room smells bad. After the copulative verb feel, the adjective badly in reference to physical or emotional states is also used and is standard, although bad is more common in formal writing:I feel bad from overeating. She felt badly about her friend's misfortune.When the adverbial use is required, badly is standard with all verbs:She reacted badly to the criticism.Bad as an adverb appears mainly in informal contexts:I didn't do too bad on the tests. He wants money so bad it hurts.See also badly, good.
(bad), v. [Archaic.]
- Middle English badde, perh. akin to Old English bæddel hermaphrodite, bædling womanish man 1250–1300
- a pt. of bid.
- my bad, My fault! My mistake!
bade /bæd/USA pronunciation
v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- a pt. of bid.
(bad), v. WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
- a pt. of bid.
bid1 /bɪd/USA pronunciation
v., bade /bæd/USA pronunciation orbid, bid•den orbid, bid•ding, n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to command (someone to do something): [~ + object ( + to ) + verb]The king bade them (to) rise and speak freely.[~ + object]Do as I bid you.[no object]Do as I bid.
- to say as a greeting, wish, etc.: [~ + object + object]She bid him goodnight.[~ + object + to + object]We bid a warm welcome to our distinguished visitors.
- Businessto offer (a certain sum) as the price one will charge or pay: [~ + object ( + for + object)]They bid $25,000 (for the job) and got the contract.[no object; (~ + for + object)]I can't bid (for that vase);
I don't have enough money.
- Games to enter a bid of (a given quantity or suit at cards)[~ + object]When my bridge partner bid six diamonds my heart nearly stopped beating.
- an act or instance of bidding.
- an offer to make a specified number of points or to take a specified number of card tricks:My bid was for five hearts.
an invitation: a bid to join a club.
an attempt to attain some purpose:made a bid for the nomination.
- the turn of a person to bid:Wait; it's my bid.
(bid), v., bade or (Archaic)bad for 1, 2, 5, 6, 8 orbid for 3, 4, 7, 9, 10;
bid•den orbid for 1, 2, 5, 6, 8 orbid for 3, 4, 7, 9;
- to command;
direct:to bid them depart.
- to express (a greeting, farewell, benediction, or wish):to bid good night.
- Business[Com.]to offer (a certain sum) as the price one will pay or charge:They bid $25,000 and got the contract.
- Games[Cards.]to enter a bid of (a given quantity or suit):to bid two no-trump.
- to summon by invitation; invite.
- to command;
direct:I will do as you bid.
- to make a bid:She bid at the auction for the old chair.
- Idiomsbid fair. See fair 1 (def. 23).
- Businessbid in, [Com.]to overbid all offers for (property) at an auction in order to retain ownership.
- Businessbid up, [Com.]to increase the market price of by increasing bids.
- an act or instance of bidding.
- an offer to make a specified number of points or to take a specified number of tricks.
- the amount of such an offer.
an invitation:a bid to join the club.
an attempt to attain some goal or purpose:a bid for election.
Stock Exchange, BusinessAlso called bid price. [Stock Exchange.]the highest price a prospective buyer is willing to pay for a security at a given moment.
- the turn of a person to bid.
1 . charge;
Middle English bidden, Old English biddan to beg, ask;
cognate with Old Frisian bidda, Old Saxon biddian, Old High German bittan (German bitten), Old Norse bithja, Gothic bidjan;
all Gmc *bid-ja- ( Indo-European *bhidh-) command, akin to Greek peíthein to persuade, inspire with trust, English bide
require, enjoin. 3 . offer, tender, proffer. 11 . offer, proposal;
(bid), v. [Archaic.]
Bachelor of Industrial Design.
Drugs(in prescriptions) twice a day.
- pp. of bide.
Etymology: Latin bis in diē
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
bad /bæd/ adj (worse, worst)
- not good; of poor quality; inadequate; inferior
- (often followed by at) lacking skill or talent; incompetent: a bad painter, bad at sports
- (often followed by for) harmful
- immoral; evil
- naughty; mischievous; disobedient
- rotten; decayed; spoiled: a bad egg
- severe; intense: a bad headache
- incorrect; wrong; faulty: bad pronunciation
- ill or in pain (esp in the phrase feel bad)
- regretful, sorry, or upset (esp in the phrase feel bad about)
- unfavourable; distressing: bad news, a bad business
- offensive; unpleasant; disagreeable: bad language, bad temper
- not valid or sound; void: a bad cheque
- not recoverable: a bad debt
- (badder, baddest) slang good; excellent
- go from bad to worse ⇒ to deteriorate even more
- go bad ⇒ to putrefy; spoil
- in a bad way ⇒ informal seriously ill, through sickness or injury
- in trouble of any kind
- make the best of a bad job ⇒ to manage as well as possible in unfavourable circumstances
- not bad, not so bad ⇒ informal passable; fair; fairly good
- too bad ⇒ informal (often used dismissively) regrettable
- unfortunate or unpleasant events collectively (often in the phrase take the bad with the good)
- an immoral or degenerate state (often in the phrase go to the bad)
- the debit side of an account: £200 to the bad
Etymology: 13th Century: probably from bæd-, as the first element of Old English bǣddel hermaphrodite, bǣdling sodomiteˈbaddish adj ˈbadness n
- not standard badly: to want something bad
bad /bæd/ vb
- a variant of bade
bade /bæd; beɪd/, bad vb
- past tense of bid
bid /bɪd/ vb (bids, bidding, bad, bade, (esp for senses 1, 2, 5, 7) bid, bidden, (esp for senses 1, 2, 5, 7) bid)
- often followed by for or against: to offer (an amount) in attempting to buy something, esp in competition with others as at an auction
- to respond to an offer by a seller by stating (the more favourable terms) on which one is willing to make a purchase
- (transitive) to say (a greeting, blessing, etc): to bid farewell
- to order; command: do as you are bid!
- (intransitive) usually followed by for: to attempt to attain power, etc
- to declare in the auction before play how many tricks one expects to make
- bid defiance ⇒ to resist boldly
- bid fair ⇒ to seem probable
See also bid upEtymology: Old English biddan; related to German bittenˈbidder n
- an offer of a specified amount, as at an auction
- the price offered
- a statement by a buyer, in response to an offer by a seller, of the more favourable terms that would be acceptable
- the price or other terms so stated
- an attempt, esp an attempt to attain power
- the number of tricks a player undertakes to make
- a player's turn to make a bid
'bad' also found in these entries: