WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
bate1  (bāt),USA pronunciation v.,  bat•ed, bat•ing. 
  1. to moderate or restrain:unable to bate our enthusiasm.
  2. to lessen or diminish;
    abate:setbacks that bated his hopes.

  1. to diminish or subside;
  2. Idiomswith bated breath, with breath drawn in or held because of anticipation or suspense:We watched with bated breath as the runners approached the finish line.
  • Middle English, aphetic variant of abate 1250–1300

bate2  (bāt),USA pronunciation v.,  bat•ed, bat•ing, n. 
  1. (of a hawk) to flutter its wings and attempt to escape in a fit of anger or fear.

  1. a state of violent anger or fear.
  • Middle French (se) batre Latin battuere to beat; compare abate
  • Middle English baten to beat, flap (wings, etc.) 1250–1300

bate3  (bāt),USA pronunciation v.,  bat•ed, bat•ing, n. 
v.t., v.i. 
  1. Clothing[Tanning.]to soak (leather) after liming in an alkaline solution to soften it and remove the lime.

  1. Clothingthe solution used.
  • 1870–75; variant of beat to pare off turf, Old English bǣtan to bait; cognate with Swedish beta to tan, German beissen to macerate

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

bate /beɪt/ vb
  1. another word for abate
bate /beɪt/ vb
  1. (intransitive) (of hawks) to jump violently from a perch or the falconer's fist, often hanging from the leash while struggling to escape
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French batre to beat, from Latin battuere; related to bat1
bate /beɪt/ n
  1. Brit slang a bad temper or rage
Etymology: 19th Century: from bait1, alluding to the mood of a person who is being baited

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