block

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 [ˈblɒk]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
block /blɑk/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. Buildinga large, solid piece of wood, stone, etc.:A concrete cinder block supported the car.
  2. one of a set of cube-shaped pieces used as a child's toy:playing happily with their blocks.
  3. a piece of wood or metal with designs that have been engraved on it, used for printing.
  4. anything that stops or prevents movement:The sink has a block in it.
  5. Psychiatrya stoppage in thinking, speech, or writing:writer's block.
  6. SportSports. a hindering of an opponent or an opponent's play:his block on the tackler allowed me to score.
  7. Businessan amount, quantity, or portion taken as a unit:a block of theater tickets.
  8. a small section of a city, town, etc., surrounded by streets:They lived on my block when I was growing up.
  9. Slang TermsSlang. a person's head:threatened to knock his block off.

v. 
  1. to get in the way of;
    hinder:[+ object]to block one's exit.
  2. block up, to (cause to) have a block in: [no object]The toilet blocked up all the time.[+ up + object]Try to block up those holes in the wall.[+ object + up]to block them up.
  3. mount on a block:[+ object]They blocked the car on the ramp.
  4. [+ object] to shape or prepare on or as if on a block: to block a sweater.
  5. Computing (in word processing or computer use) to mark off (text or data) for moving, printing, etc.:[+ object]Hit the F12 key and block the text you want to delete.
  6. SportSports.
    • to get in the way of or obstruct (an opposing player) by physical contact: [+ object]Bart blocked Dexter, allowing Gerry to run for the touchdown.[no object]Harry didn't block well on that last play.
  7. to suffer a stoppage in thinking, speaking, or writing:[no object]I just seemed to block when it came to taking a test.
  8. block in or out, to outline roughly without details: [+ in/out + object]blocked out our ideas for the room arrangement.[+ object + in/out]to block them out.
Idioms
  1. Idioms on the block, for sale at an auction.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
block  (blok),USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. Buildinga solid mass of wood, stone, etc., usually with one or more flat or approximately flat faces.
  2. Buildinga hollow masonry building unit of cement, terra cotta, etc.:a wall made of concrete blocks.
  3. one of a set of cube-shaped pieces of wood, plastic, or the like, used as a child's toy in building.
  4. a mold or piece on which something is shaped or kept in shape:a hat block.
  5. Fine Arta piece of wood used in the art of making woodcuts or wood engravings.
  6. Printingthe base on which a plate is mounted to make it type-high.
  7. Buildinga projection left on a squared stone to provide a means of lifting it.
  8. Buildinga short length of plank serving as a bridging, as between joists.
  9. a stump or wooden structure on which a condemned person is beheaded:Mary Stuart went bravely to the block.
  10. See  auction block. 
  11. [Mach.]a part enclosing one or more freely rotating, grooved pulleys, about which ropes or chains pass to form a hoisting or hauling tackle.
  12. an obstacle, obstruction, or hindrance:His stubbornness is a block to all my efforts.
  13. the state or condition of being obstructed;
    blockage:The traffic block lasted several hours.
  14. Pathology
    • an obstruction, as of a nerve.
    • See  heart block. 
  15. Sporta hindering of an opponent's actions.
  16. Businessa quantity, portion, or section taken as a unit or dealt with at one time:a large block of theater tickets.
  17. a small section of a city, town, etc., enclosed by neighboring and intersecting streets:She lives on my block.
  18. the length of one side of such a section:We walked two blocks over.
  19. British Terms[Chiefly Brit.]a large building divided into separate apartments, offices, shops, etc.
  20. Businessa large number of bonds or shares of stock sold together as a single unit.
  21. Computing
    • a group of data stored as a unit on an external storage medium and handled as a unit by the computer for input or output:This file has 20 records per block.
    • a section of storage locations in a computer allocated to a particular set of instructions or data.
    • a group of consecutive machine words organized as a unit and guiding a particular computer operation, esp. with reference to input and output.
    • (on a flow chart) a symbol representing an operation, device, or instruction in a computer program.
  22. Rail Transportany of the short lengths into which a track is divided for signaling purposes.
  23. Stamps[Philately.]a group of four or more unseparated stamps, not in a strip.
  24. Slang Termsa person's head.
  25. Ceramics[Glassmaking.]a wooden or metal cup for blocking a gather.
  26. an obstruction or stoppage in mental processes or speech, esp. when related to stress, emotional conflict, etc.
  27. PsychiatrySee  writer's block. 
  28. Geology
    • any large, angular mass of solid rock.
    • See  fault block. 
  29. (in Canada) a wild or remote area of land that has not yet been surveyed:the Peace River block.
  30. AutomotiveSee  cylinder block. 
  31. Sport[Falconry.]a low perch to which a falcon is tethered outdoors.
  32. Idiomsput or  go on the block, to offer or be offered for sale at auction:to put family heirlooms on the block.

v.t. 
  1. to obstruct (someone or something) by placing obstacles in the way (sometimes fol. by up):to block one's exit; to block up a passage.
  2. Show Businessto fit with blocks;
    mount on a block.
  3. to shape or prepare on or with a block:to block a hat; to block a sweater.
  4. Buildingto join (the ends of boards or the like) by fastening to a block of wood.
  5. Show Business[Theat.]
    • Also,  block out. to plan or work out the movement of performers in a play, pageant, etc.:Tomorrow we'll block act one.
    • to draw a floor plan on (a stage) in order to indicate placement of scenery, stage property, etc.
  6. Pathology, Physiologyto stop the passage of impulses in (a nerve).
  7. Computingto group (contiguous data) together so as to allow to be read or written in a single operation.
  8. Sportto hinder or bar the actions or movements of (an opposing player), esp. legitimately.
  9. Ceramics[Glassmaking.]
    • to shape (a molten gather) in a wet cup of wood or metal.
    • to plunge a block of wood into (molten glass) to aid in refining the glass.
  10. Metallurgyto give (a forging) a rough form before finishing.
  11. Electronicsto apply a high negative bias to the grid of (a vacuum tube), for reducing the plate current to zero.

v.i. 
  1. to act so as to obstruct an opponent, as in football, hockey, and basketball:He doesn't get many baskets, but he sure can block.
  2. Show Business[Theat.]to block a play, act, scene, stage, etc.:The director will block tomorrow.
  3. to suffer a block.
  4. Theaterblock out: 
    • block (def. 36a).
    • Sport[Basketball.]to box out.
  5. block in or  out, to sketch or outline roughly or generally, without details:She blocked out a color scheme for the interiors.
blocka•ble, adj. 
  • Middle Dutch blok; perh. akin to balk
  • Middle French bloc)
  • Middle English blok log, stump ( 1275–1325
    • 12.See corresponding entry in Unabridged impediment, blockade, barrier, stoppage, jam.
    • 33.See corresponding entry in Unabridged close, blockade, impede;
      hinder, deter, stop.

Block  (blok),USA pronunciation n. 
  • BiographicalHerbert Lawrence ("Herblock''), born 1909, U.S. cartoonist.


  • Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    block /blɒk/ n
    1. a large solid piece of wood, stone, or other material with flat rectangular sides, as for use in building
    2. such a piece on which particular tasks may be done, as chopping, cutting, or beheading
    3. Also called: building block one of a set of wooden or plastic cubes as a child's toy
    4. a form on which things are shaped or displayed: a wig block
    5. slang a person's head (esp in the phrase knock someone's block off)
    6. do one's blockAustral NZ slang to become angry
    7. a dull, unemotional, or hardhearted person
    8. a large building of offices, flats, etc
    9. a group of buildings in a city bounded by intersecting streets on each side
    10. the area or distance between such intersecting streets
    11. Austral NZ an area of land for a house, farm, etc
    12. Austral NZ a log, usually a willow, fastened to a timber base and used in a wood-chopping competition
    13. a piece of wood, metal, or other material having an engraved, cast, or carved design in relief, used either for printing or for stamping book covers, etc
    14. a casing housing one or more freely rotating pulleys
      See also block and tackle
    15. an obstruction or hindrance
    16. interference in the normal physiological functioning of an organ or part
    17. See heart block
    18. See nerve block
    19. a short interruption of perceptual or thought processes
    20. obstruction of an opponent in a sport
    21. a section or quantity, as of tickets or shares, handled or considered as a single unit
    22. (as modifier): a block booking, block voting
    23. short for starting block
    vb (mainly tr)
    1. to shape by use of a block: to block a hat
    2. (often followed by up) to obstruct (a passage, channel, etc) or prevent or impede the motion or flow of (something or someone) by introducing an obstacle: to block the traffic, to block up a pipe
    3. to impede, retard, or prevent (an action, procedure, etc)
    4. to stamp (a title, design, etc) on (a book cover, etc) by means of a block (see sense 12), esp using gold leaf or other foil
    5. (also intr) to obstruct or impede movement by (an opponent)
    6. to interrupt a physiological function, as by use of an anaesthetic
    7. (also intr) to play (a ball) defensively

    See also block in, block outEtymology: 14th Century: from Old French bloc, from Dutch blok; related to Old High German bloh

    ˈblocker n



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