WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
bloom1 /blum/USA pronunciation
n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
v. [no object]
- Botany[countable] the flower of a plant.
- the state of flowering:[uncountable]lilacs in bloom.
- [uncountable] the time of greatest beauty, life, strength, or freshness: the bloom of youth.
- a glow that signals or indicates such a state:[countable]a bloom of health on her face.
- Botanyto produce or yield flowers or blossoms:The roses bloom every few days.
- to grow well or thrive;
blossom:His talent for languages bloomed.[~ + into + object]bloomed into a promising trombone player in high school.
- to be in or achieve a state of beauty and vigor:began to bloom with good health.
(blo̅o̅m),USA pronunciation n.
- Botanythe flower of a plant.
- flowers collectively:the bloom of the cherry tree.
- state of having the buds opened:The gardens are all in bloom.
- a flourishing, healthy condition;
the time or period of greatest beauty, artistry, etc.:the bloom of youth; the bloom of Romanticism.
- a glow or flush on the cheek indicative of youth and health:a serious illness that destroyed her bloom.
- the glossy, healthy appearance of the coat of an animal.
- Fooda moist, lustrous appearance indicating freshness in fish.
- Foodredness or a fresh appearance on the surface of meat.
- Botanya whitish powdery deposit or coating, as on the surface of certain fruits and leaves:the bloom of the grape.
- any similar surface coating or appearance:the bloom of newly minted coins.
- Mineralogyany of certain minerals occurring as powdery coatings on rocks or other minerals.
- FurnitureAlso called chill. a clouded or dull area on a varnished or lacquered surface.
- Microbiologythe sudden development of conspicuous masses of organisms, as algae on the surface of a lake.
- Radio and Television[Television.]image spread produced by excessive exposure of highlights in a television image.
- Idiomstake the bloom off, to remove the enjoyment or ultimate satisfaction from;
dampen the enthusiasm over:The coach's illness took the bloom off the team's victory.
- Idiomsthe bloom is off (the rose), the excitement, enjoyment, interest, etc., has ended or been dampened.
- Botanyto produce or yield blossoms.
- to flourish or thrive:a recurrent fad that blooms from time to time.
- to be in or achieve a state of healthful beauty and vigor:a sickly child who suddenly bloomed; a small talent that somehow bloomed into major artistry.
- to glow with warmth or with a warm color.
- Botanyto cause to yield blossoms.
- to make bloom or cause to flourish:a happiness that blooms the cheek.
- to invest with luster or beauty:an industry that blooms one's talents.
- to cause a cloudy area on (something shiny);
chill:Their breath bloomed the frosty pane.
- Opticsto coat (a lens) with an antireflection material.
- Old Norse blōm, blōmi; cognate with Gothic blōma lily, German Blume flower; akin to blow3; (verb, verbal) Middle English blomen, derivative of the noun, nominal
- (noun, nominal) Middle English blom, blome 1150–1200
(blo̅o̅m),USA pronunciation [Metalworking.]n.
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged blossom.
- 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged efflorescence.
- 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged freshness, glow, flush;
- 16, 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged effloresce.
- Metallurgya piece of steel, square or slightly oblong in section, reduced from an ingot to dimensions suitable for further rolling.
- Metallurgya large lump of iron and slag, of pasty consistency when hot, produced in a puddling furnace or bloomery and hammered into wrought iron.
- Metallurgyto make (an ingot) into a bloom.
- bef. 1000; representing Anglo-Latin, Anglo-French blomes (plural), Old English blōma mass of iron; perh. akin to bloom1
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
bloom /bluːm/ n
vb (mainly intr)
- a blossom on a flowering plant; a flower
- the state, time, or period when flowers open (esp in the phrases in bloom, in full bloom)
- open flowers collectively
- a healthy, vigorous, or flourishing condition; prime (esp in the phrase the bloom of youth)
- youthful or healthy rosiness in the cheeks or face; glow
- a fine whitish coating on the surface of fruits, leaves, etc, consisting of minute grains of a waxy substance
- any coating similar in appearance, such as that on new coins
- a visible increase in the algal constituent of plankton, which may be seasonal or due to excessive organic pollution
Also called: chill a dull area formed on the surface of gloss paint, lacquer, or varnish
Etymology: 13th Century: of Germanic origin; compare Old Norse blōm flower, Old High German bluomo, Middle Dutch bloeme; see blow³
- (of flowers) to open; come into flower
- to bear flowers; blossom
- to flourish or grow
- to be in a healthy, glowing, or flourishing condition
bloom /bluːm/ n
Etymology: Old English blōma lump of metal
- a rectangular mass of metal obtained by rolling or forging a cast ingot
'bloom' also found in these entries: