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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
bore1 /bɔr/USA pronunciation
v., bored, bor•ing, n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to pierce (a solid substance) with a drill: [~ + object]bored a hole into the wall.[no object]bored through the walls.
- Civil Engineering to make (a tunnel, etc.) by cutting through a core of material[~ + object]bored a tunnel under the English Channel.
- to move forward slowly and steadily[~ + through + object]bored through the crowd of people.
- [~ + into + object] to look or stare deeply at:Her eyes bored straight into mine.
bore2 /bɔr/USA pronunciation
v., bored, bor•ing, n.
- [countable] a hole made by boring.
- Weights and Measures, Mechanical Engineering the inside diameter of a hole or hollow round object, such as a gun barrel[after a number]a 12-bore shotgun (= a shotgun in which the gun barrel is 12 gauge in diameter).
v. [~ + object]
- to make (someone) weary by dullness, etc.: The long speech bored me.
bore is a noun and a verb, boring and bored are adjectives, boredom is a noun:He's a terrible bore. The movie bored him. The movie was boring. The bored students fell asleep during his lecture. The kids were dying of boredom, cooped up in the house all day.
bore3 /bɔr/USA pronunciation
- a dull, tiresome, or uninteresting person:She's such a bore.
- something that causes boredom or annoyance:The play was a bore.
bore4 /bɔr/USA pronunciation v. a pt. of bear1.
(bôr, bōr), v., bored, bor•ing, n. WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to pierce (a solid substance) with some rotary cutting instrument.
- to make (a hole) by drilling with such an instrument.
- Civil Engineeringto form, make, or construct (a tunnel, mine, well, passage, etc.) by hollowing out, cutting through, or removing a core of material:to bore a tunnel through the Alps; to bore an oil well 3000 feet deep.
- Mechanical Engineering[Mach.]to enlarge (a hole) to a precise diameter with a cutting tool within the hole, by rotating either the tool or the work.
- to force (an opening), as through a crowd, by persistent forward thrusting (usually fol. by through or into);
to force or make (a passage).
- to make a hole in a solid substance with a rotary cutting instrument.
- Mechanical EngineeringMach. to enlarge a hole to a precise diameter.
- (of a substance) to admit of being bored: Certain types of steel do not bore well.
- a hole made or enlarged by boring.
- Weights and Measures, Mechanical Engineeringthe inside diameter of a hole, tube, or hollow cylindrical object or device, such as a bushing or bearing, engine cylinder, or barrel of a gun.
bore′a•ble, bor′a•ble, adj.
1 . perforate, drill. 10 . caliber.
(bôr, bōr), v., bored, bor•ing, n.
Old English borian;
cognate with Old High German borōn, Old Norse bora, Latin forāre
- to weary by dullness, tedious repetition, unwelcome attentions, etc.: The long speech bored me.
- a dull, tiresome, or uncongenial person.
- a cause of ennui or petty annoyance:repetitious tasks that are a bore to do.
1 . fatigue, tire, annoy.
1 . amuse;
- of uncertain origin, originally 1760–70
(bôr, bōr), n.
Also called tidal bore.
- Oceanographyan abrupt rise of tidal water moving rapidly inland from the mouth of an estuary.
(bôr, bōr), v. pt. of bear1.
- Old Norse bāra wave
- Middle English bare 1275–1325
bear1 /bɛr/USA pronunciation
v., bore /bɔr/USA pronunciation borne orborn/bɔrn/USA pronunciation bear•ing. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- [~ + object] to hold up or support: The columns can bear the weight of the roof.
- to give birth to: [~ + object]She was able to bear a child.[~ + object + object]She bore her husband a child (= She bore for her husband a child).
- [~ + object] to produce by natural growth: That tree bears fruit every year.
- [~ + object] to hold up under; be capable of: This claim doesn't bear close examination.
- to drive or push[~ + object]The crowd bore us along Fifth Avenue.
- to carry or conduct (oneself, etc.)[~ + oneself]She bore herself bravely after her son's death.
- [often: with a negative word or phrase, or in questions] to suffer without complaining: [~ + object]I can't bear it.[~ + to + verb]How can he even bear to look at her?[~ + verb-ing]I can't bear your nagging anymore.
- to be worthy of; be fit for: [~ + object]That silly story doesn't bear repetition.[~ + verb-ing]What he said doesn't bear repeating.
- [~ + object] to carry; bring: Beware of Greeks bearing gifts.
- to carry in the mind or heart;
feel toward: [~ + object + to/toward]I no longer bear any malice toward her.[~ + object + object]I no longer bear her any malice.
- to transmit or spread (gossip, etc.)[~ + object]I'm sorry to be the one to bear the bad news.
- [~ + object] to give or offer: to bear testimony.
- [~ + object + to] to exhibit; show: My daughter bears a remarkable resemblance to me.
- [~ + object] to possess as a quality or characteristic: "This letter bears your signature, does it not?'' the lawyer asked.
- [no object] to move or go in a (certain) direction or course: Bear left at the traffic light.
- bear down, [no object] to try or struggle harder:to bear down and do better in your studies.
bear down on, [~ + down + on + object]
- to press or push down on:Bear down hard on the screw as you turn the screwdriver.
bear on or upon, [~ + on/upon + object] to show or have a connection to:I can't see how this evidence bears on the case.
bear out, [~ + object + out] to support; confirm or uphold:The figures will bear me out.
bear up, [no object] to face hardship bravely;
- to approach or move toward rapidly and threateningly:She bore down angrily on me as soon as I got in the office.
endure:bearing up very well ever since the tragedy.
bear with, [~ + with + object] to be patient with:If you'll just bear with me for a few minutes, we'll have the movie running again.
Be careful with the forms born and borne as past participles of the verb bear. borne is the past participle in all senses that do not refer to physical birth: The wheat fields have borne abundantly this year. Judges have always borne a burden of responsibility. borne is also the form when the sense is "to bring forth (young)'' and the focus is on the mother rather than on the child. In such cases, borne is preceded by a form of have or followed by by: She had borne a son the previous year. When the focus is on the offspring or on something that is brought forth as if by birth, born is the standard spelling, and it occurs only in passive constructions:My friend was born in Ohio.A strange desire was born of the tragic experience.
bear2 /bɛr/USA pronunciation
n., pl. bears, (esp. when thought of as a group)bear, adj.
adj. [before a noun]
- Mammalsa large, stocky mammal with thick, rough fur and a very short tail.
- a gruff, clumsy, or rude person.
- Businessone who believes that stock prices will decline:Bears dominated the market today as prices fell.
- Businessmarked by declining prices and increased selling of stocks: a bear market.
(bâr), v., bore or (Archaic)bare;
- to hold up;
support:to bear the weight of the roof.
- to hold or remain firm under (a load):The roof will not bear the strain of his weight.
- to bring forth (young); give birth to:to bear a child.
- to produce by natural growth:a tree that bears fruit.
- to hold up under; be capable of:His claim doesn't bear close examination.
- to press or push against:The crowd was borne back by the police.
- to hold or carry (oneself, one's body, one's head, etc.):to bear oneself erectly.
- to conduct (oneself ):to bear oneself bravely.
- to suffer; endure;
undergo:to bear the blame.
- to sustain without yielding or suffering injury;
tolerate (usually used in negative constructions, unless qualified):I can't bear your nagging. I can hardly bear to see her suffering so.
- to be fit for or worthy of:It doesn't bear repeating.
- to carry; bring:to bear gifts.
- to carry in the mind or heart:to bear love; to bear malice.
- to transmit or spread (gossip, tales, etc.).
- to render;
give:to bear witness; to bear testimony.
- to lead;
take:They bore him home.
- to have and be entitled to:to bear title.
- to exhibit; show:to bear a resemblance.
- to accept or have, as an obligation:to bear responsibility; to bear the cost.
- to stand in (a relation or ratio);
have or show correlatively:the relation that price bears to profit.
- to possess, as a quality or characteristic; have in or on:to bear traces;
to bear an inscription.
- to have and use;
exercise:to bear authority; to bear sway.
- to tend in a course or direction;
go:to bear west; to bear left at the fork in the road.
- to be located or situated:The lighthouse bears due north.
- to bring forth young or fruit:Next year the tree will bear.
- to strive harder; intensify one's efforts:We can't hope to finish unless everyone bears down.
bear down on or upon:
- [Naut.]to approach from windward, as a ship:The cutter was bearing down the channel at twelve knots.
- to press or weigh down on.
- to approach something rapidly.
- [Naut.]to approach (another vessel) from windward:The sloop bore down on us, narrowly missing our stern.
- [Naut.]to keep (a boat) from touching or rubbing against a dock, another boat, etc.
bear on or upon, to affect, relate to, or have connection with; be relevant to:This information may bear on the case.
bear out, to substantiate;
- [Backgammon.]to remove the stones from the board after they are all home.
confirm:The facts bear me out.
bear up, to endure; face hardship bravely:It is inspiring to see them bearing up so well.
bear with, to be patient or forbearing with:Please bear with me until I finish the story.
bring to bear, to concentrate on with a specific purpose:Pressure was brought to bear on those with overdue accounts.
Etymology:bef. 900; Middle English beren, Old English beran;
1 . uphold, sustain. 4 . yield. 6 . thrust, drive, force. 10 . brook, abide, suffer. Bear, stand, endure refer to supporting the burden of something distressing, irksome, or painful. Bear and stand are close synonyms and have a general sense of withstanding:to bear a disappointment well;
cognate with Old Saxon, Old High German beran, Dutch baren, Old Frisian, Old Norse bera, Gothic bairan, German (ge)bären, Russian berët (he) takes, Albanian bie, Tocharian pär-, Phrygian ab-beret (he) brings, Latin ferre, Old Irish berid (he) carries, Armenian berem, Greek phérein, Sanskrit bhárati, Avestan baraiti;
Indo-European *bher- (see -fer, -phore
to stand a loss.Endure implies continued resistance and patience in bearing through a long time:to endure torture.
Since the latter part of the 18th century, a distinction has been made between born and borne as past participles of the verb bear1. Borne is the past participle in all senses that do not refer to physical birth:The wheatfields have borne abundantly this year. Judges have always borne a burden of responsibility.Borne is also the participle when the sense is "to bring forth (young)'' and the focus is on the mother rather than on the child. In such cases, borne is preceded by a form of have or followed by by: Anna had borne a son the previous year. Two children borne by her earlier were already grown. When the focus is on the offspring or on something brought forth as if by birth, born is the standard spelling, and it occurs only in passive constructions:My friend was born in Ohio. No children have been born at the South Pole. A strange desire was born of the tragic experience.Born is also an adjective meaning "by birth,'' "innate,'' or "native'':born free; a born troublemaker;
(bâr), n., pl. bears, ([esp. collectively])bear, adj., v., beared, bear•ing.
- Mammalsany of the plantigrade, carnivorous or omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
- Mammalsany of various animals resembling the bear, as the ant bear.
- a gruff, burly, clumsy, bad-mannered, or rude person.
- Businessa person who believes that market prices, esp. of stocks, will decline (opposed to bull).
- Informal Terms[Informal.]a person who shows great ability, enthusiasm, stamina, etc.:a bear for physics.
- Astronomy(cap.)[Astron.]either of two constellations, Ursa Major or Ursa Minor.
- Informal Terms[Informal.]a player at cards who rarely bluffs.
- (cap.) Russia.
- Idiomsloaded for bear, [Informal.]fully prepared and eager to initiate or deal with a fight, confrontation, or trouble:Keep away from the boss--he's loaded for bear today.
- Businesshaving to do with or marked by declining prices, as of stocks:bear market.
- Business[Stock Exchange.]to force prices down in (a market, stock, etc.).
Middle English be(a)re, beor(e), Old English bera;
cognate with Frisian bār, Dutch beer, Old High German bero (German Bär);
Gmc *beran- literally, the brown one;
akin to Old Norse bjǫrn, bersi;
compare Lithuanian bė́ras brown. Cf. bruin
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
bore /bɔː/ vb
- to produce (a hole) in (a material) by use of a drill, auger, or other cutting tool
- to increase the diameter of (a hole), as by an internal turning operation on a lathe or similar machine
- (transitive) to produce (a hole in the ground, tunnel, mine shaft, etc) by digging, drilling, cutting, etc
- (intransitive) informal (of a horse or athlete in a race) to push other competitors, esp in order to try to get them out of the way
Etymology: Old English borian; related to Old Norse bora, Old High German borōn to bore, Latin forāre to pierce, Greek pharos ploughing, phárunx pharynx
- a hole or tunnel in the ground, esp one drilled in search of minerals, oil, etc
- the hollow part of a tube or cylinder, esp of a gun barrel
- the diameter of such a hollow part; calibre
- Austral an artesian well
bore /bɔː/ vb
- (transitive) to tire or make weary by being dull, repetitious, or uninteresting
Etymology: 18th Century: of unknown originbored adj
- a dull, repetitious, or uninteresting person, activity, or state
bore /bɔː/ n
Etymology: 17th Century: from Old Norse bāra wave, billow
- a high steep-fronted wave moving up a narrow estuary, caused by the tide
bore /bɔː/ vb
- the past tense of bear1
bear /bɛə/ vb (bears, bearing, bore, borne)(mainly tr)
See also bear down
- to support or hold up; sustain
- to bring or convey: to bear gifts
- to take, accept, or assume the responsibility of: to bear an expense
- (past participle bornin passive use except when followed by by) to give birth to: to bear children
- (also intr) to produce by or as if by natural growth: to bear fruit
- to tolerate or endure: she couldn't bear him
- to admit of; sustain: his story does not bear scrutiny
- to hold in the conscious mind or in one's feelings: to bear a grudge, I'll bear that idea in mind
- to show or be marked with: he still bears the scars
- to render or supply (esp in the phrase bear witness)
- to conduct or manage (oneself, the body, etc): she bore her head high
- to have, be, or stand in (relation or comparison): his account bears no relation to the facts
- (intransitive) to move, be located, or lie in a specified direction
- bear a hand ⇒ to give assistance
- bring to bear ⇒ to bring into operation or effect
, bear upEtymology: Old English beran; related to Old Norse bera, Old High German beran to carry, Latin ferre, Greek pherein to bear, Sanskrit bharati he carries
bear /bɛə/ n ( pl bears, bear)
vb (bears, bearing, beared)
- any plantigrade mammal of the family Ursidae: order Carnivora (carnivores). Bears are typically massive omnivorous animals with a large head, a long shaggy coat, and strong claws
- any of various bearlike animals, such as the koala and the ant bear
- a clumsy, churlish, or ill-mannered person
- a teddy bear
- a speculator who sells in anticipation of falling prices to make a profit on repurchase
- (as modifier): a bear market
Etymology: Old English bera; related to Old Norse bjorn, Old High German bero
- (transitive) to lower or attempt to lower the price or prices of (a stock market or a security) by speculative selling