branch

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 /brɑːntʃ/

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
branch /bræntʃ/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. Botanyan armlike division of the stem of a tree or shrub:The branches of oak trees form a V-shape.
  2. a limb, section, or division of a main system:the branches of a deer's antlers; the branches of the armed forces.
  3. a local division of a business, library, or other organization :The bank has several branches in your neighborhood.

v. [no object]
  1. to put forth branches;
    spread in branches:These trees branch at heights of fifteen feet.
  2. [+ off] to divide into separate parts;
    diverge: The road branches off to the left.
  3. branch out, [no object] to expand or extend in new directions:[The company branched out into electronics and computers.]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
branch  (branch, bränch),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Botanya division or subdivision of the stem or axis of a tree, shrub, or other plant.
  2. a limb, offshoot, or ramification of any main stem:the branches of a deer's antlers.
  3. any member or part of a body or system;
    a section or subdivision:the various branches of learning.
  4. a local operating division of a business, library, or the like.
  5. a line of family descent stemming from a particular ancestor, as distinguished from some other line or lines from the same stock;
    a division of a family.
  6. Geologya tributary stream or any stream that is not a large river or a bayou.
  7. Dialect Terms[Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S.]See  branch water (def. 2).
  8. Linguistics(in the classification of related languages within a family) a category of a lower order than a subfamily and of a higher order than a subbranch or a group, as the Germanic branch of Indo-European. Cf. group (def. 4a).
  9. Computinga point in a computer program where the computer selects one of two or more instructions to execute, according to some criterion.
  10. Nautical, Naval Termsa warrant or license permitting a pilot to navigate in certain waters.

v.i. 
  1. to put forth branches;
    spread in branches.
  2. to divide into separate parts or subdivisions;
    diverge:The main road branches off to the left.
  3. to expand or extend, as business activities:The bank has plans to branch throughout the state.

v.t. 
  1. to divide into branches or sections.
  2. Clothing, Textilesto adorn with needlework;
    decorate with embroidery, as in textile fabrics.
  3. branch out, to expand or extend, as business activities, pursuits, interests, etc.:The business is branching out into computers.
branchless, adj. 
branchlike′, adj. 
  • Late Latin branca paw, of uncertain origin, originally
  • Anglo-French; Old French branche
  • Middle English bra(u)nche 1250–1300
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged offshoot, shoot.
      Branch, bough, limb refer to divisions of a tree.
      Branch is general, meaning either a large or a small division.
      Bough refers only to the larger branches:a bough loaded with apples.A
      limb is a large primary division of a tree trunk or of a bough:to climb out on a limb.
    • 12.See corresponding entry in Unabridged ramify, subdivide.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

branch /brɑːntʃ/ n
  1. a secondary woody stem arising from the trunk or bough of a tree or the main stem of a shrub
  2. an offshoot or secondary part: a branch of a deer's antlers
  3. a subdivision or subsidiary section of something larger or more complex: branches of learning, branch of the family
  4. (as modifier): a branch office
  5. US any small stream
vb
  1. (intransitive) (of a tree or other plant) to produce or possess branches
  2. (intransitive) usually followed by from: (of stems, roots, etc) to grow and diverge (from another part)
  3. to divide or be divided into subsidiaries or offshoots
  4. (intransitive) often followed by off: to diverge from the main way, road, topic, etc
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French branche, from Late Latin branca paw, foot

ˈbranchˌlike adj



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