bridge

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 [ˈbrɪdʒ]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
bridge1 /brɪdʒ/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  bridged, bridg•ing. 
n. [countable]
  1. Civil Engineeringa structure that reaches across a river, road, etc., and provides a way of crossing.
  2. Nautical, Naval Termsa raised platform on a ship from which the captain directs the course:The helmsman came onto the bridge and reported to the captain.
  3. Anatomythe upper line of the nose between the eyes:a lump on the bridge of his nose.
  4. Ophthalmologythe part of a pair of eyeglasses that joins the two lenses across the nose.
  5. Dentistryan artificial replacement of missing teeth:She had a bridge inserted where her teeth had broken.
  6. Music and Dancea thin wedge that raises the strings of a musical instrument above the part that provides sound.
  7. Music and Dancea part of a musical arrangement, piece of writing, etc., that connects or links two other sections:The songs usually have two verses, then a bridge, then a third verse.
  8. Electricitya link or connection between two related items, etc.:a bridge of friendship and trust.

v. [+ object]
  1. to make a bridge or passage over:A wooden plank bridged the stream.
  2. to join by or as if by a bridge:The mediators tried to bridge the gap.
Idioms
  1. Idiomsburn one's bridges (behind one), to eliminate all possibilities of turning back:She burned her bridges (behind her) when she called us liars and angrily walked out.


bridge2 /brɪdʒ/USA pronunciation   n. [uncountable]
  1. Gamesa card game for two teams of two players each in which one team tries to accomplish a certain number of plays declared in advance:The four of them played bridge all night.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
bridge1  (brij),USA pronunciation n., v.,  bridged, bridg•ing, adj. 
n. 
  1. Civil Engineeringa structure spanning and providing passage over a river, chasm, road, or the like.
  2. a connecting, transitional, or intermediate route or phase between two adjacent elements, activities, conditions, or the like:Working at the hospital was a bridge between medical school and private practice.
  3. [Naut.]
    • a raised transverse platform from which a power vessel is navigated: often includes a pilot house and a chart house.
    • any of various other raised platforms from which the navigation or docking of a vessel is supervised.
    • a bridge house or bridge superstructure.
    • a raised walkway running fore-and-aft.
  4. [Anat.]the ridge or upper line of the nose.
  5. Dentistryan artificial replacement, fixed or removable, of a missing tooth or teeth, supported by natural teeth or roots adjacent to the space.
  6. Music and Dance
    • a thin, fixed wedge or support raising the strings of a musical instrument above the sounding board.
    • British Termsa transitional, modulatory passage connecting sections of a composition or movement.
    • (in jazz and popular music) the contrasting third group of eight bars in a thirty-two-bar chorus;
      channel;
      release.
  7. LiteratureAlso,  bridge passage. a passage in a literary work or a scene in a play serving as a movement between two other passages or scenes of greater importance.
  8. Ophthalmologythe part of a pair of eyeglasses that joins the two lenses and rests on the bridge or sides of the nose.
  9. ElectricityAlso called  bridge circuit. a two-branch network, including a measuring device, as a galvanometer, in which the unknown resistance, capacitance, inductance, or impedance of one component can be measured by balancing the voltage in each branch and computing the unknown value from the known values of the other components. Cf. Wheatstone bridge.
  10. Rail Transporta gantry over a track or tracks for supporting waterspouts, signals, etc.
  11. Buildinga scaffold built over a sidewalk alongside a construction or demolition site to protect pedestrians and motor traffic from falling materials.
  12. Metallurgy
    • a ridge or wall-like projection of fire brick or the like, at each end of the hearth in a metallurgical furnace.
    • any layer of partially fused or densely compacted material preventing the proper gravitational movement of molten material, as in a blast furnace or cupola, or the proper compacting of metal powder in a mold.
  13. Building(in a twist drill) the conoid area between the flutes at the drilling end.
  14. Games[Billiards, Pool.]
    • the arch formed by the hand and fingers to support and guide the striking end of a cue.
    • a notched piece of wood with a long handle, used to support the striking end of the cue when the hand cannot do so comfortably;
      rest.
  15. Show Businesstransitional music, commentary, dialogue, or the like, between two parts of a radio or television program.
  16. [Theat.]
    • Show Businessa gallery or platform that can be raised or lowered over a stage and is used by technicians, stagehands, etc., for painting scenery(paint bridge), arranging and supporting lights(light bridge), or the like.
    • Show Business[Brit.]a part of the floor of a stage that can be raised or lowered.
  17. Time[Horol.]a partial plate, supported at both ends, holding bearings on the side opposite the dial. Cf. cock1 (def. 10).
  18. Chemistrya valence bond illustrating the connection of two parts of a molecule.
  19. a support or prop, usually timber, for the roof of a mine, cave, etc.
  20. any arch or rooflike figure formed by acrobats, dancers, etc., as by joining and raising hands.
  21. Idiomsburn one's bridges (behind one), to eliminate all possibilities of retreat;
    make one's decision irrevocable:She burned her bridges when she walked out angrily.

v.t. 
  1. to make a bridge or passage over;
    span:The road bridged the river.
  2. to join by or as if by a bridge:a fallen tree bridging the two porches.
  3. to make (a way) by a bridge.

v.i. 
  1. Metallurgy[Foundry.](of molten metal) to form layers or areas heterogeneous either in material or in degree of hardness.

adj. 
  1. Clothing, Business(esp. of clothing) less expensive than a manufacturer's most expensive products:showing his bridge line for the fall season.
bridgea•ble, adj. 
bridgeless, adj. 
bridgelike′, adj. 
  • bef. 1000; Middle English brigge, Old English brycg; cognate with Dutch brug, German Brücke; akin to Old Norse bryggja pier
    • 22.See corresponding entry in Unabridged traverse, cross, vault.
    • 23.See corresponding entry in Unabridged link, connect.

bridge2  (brij),USA pronunciation n. [Cards.]
  1. Gamesa game derived from whist in which one partnership plays to fulfill a certain declaration against an opposing partnership acting as defenders. Cf. auction bridge, contract (def. 5).
  • Turkish bir one + üç three (one hand being exposed while the other three are concealed), but such a name for the game is not attested in Turkey or the Near East, from where it is alleged to have been introduced into Europe
  • 1885–90; earlier also spelling, spelled britch, biritch; of obscure orig; perh.

bridge, +adj. 
  • Clothing, Business(esp. of clothing) less expensive than a manufacturer's most expensive products:showing his bridge line for the fall season.


  • Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    bridge /brɪdʒ/ n
    1. a structure that spans and provides a passage over a road, railway, river, or some other obstacle
    2. something that resembles this in shape or function
    3. the hard ridge at the upper part of the nose, formed by the underlying nasal bones
    4. the part of a pair of glasses that rests on the nose

    5. Also called: bridgework a dental plate containing one or more artificial teeth that is secured to the surrounding natural teeth
    6. a platform athwartships and above the rail, from which a ship is piloted and navigated
    7. a piece of wood, usually fixed, supporting the strings of a violin, guitar, etc, and transmitting their vibrations to the sounding board

    8. Also called: bridge passage a passage in a musical, literary, or dramatic work linking two or more important sections
    9. Also called: bridge circuit any of several networks, such as a Wheatstone bridge, consisting of two branches across which a measuring device is connected. The resistance, capacitance, etc, of one component can be determined from the known values of the others when the voltage in each branch is balanced
    10. a device that connects networks and sends packets between them
    11. a support for a cue made by placing the fingers on the table and raising the thumb
    12. cross a bridge when one comes to itto deal with a problem only when it arises; not to anticipate difficulties
    vb (transitive)
    1. to build or provide a bridge over something; span: to bridge a river
    2. to connect or reduce the distance between: let us bridge our differences
    Etymology: Old English brycg; related to Old Norse bryggja gangway, Old Frisian bregge, Old High German brucka, Danish, Swedish bro

    ˈbridgeable adj
    bridge /brɪdʒ/ n
    1. a card game for four players, based on whist, in which one hand (the dummy) is exposed and the trump suit decided by bidding between the players
      See also contract bridge, auction bridge
    Etymology: 19th Century: of uncertain origin, but compare Turkish bir-üç (unattested phrase) one-three (said perhaps to refer to the one exposed hand and the three players' hands)



    Bridge /brɪdʒ/ n
    1. Frank. 1879–1941, English composer, esp of chamber music. He taught Benjamin Britten



    'bridge' also found in these entries:
    Collocations: bridge the [river, gorge, ravine], a [tall, high, scary, long, beautiful, old] bridge, bridge [span, support, strut], more...

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