WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
bruise /bruz/USA pronunciation   v.,  bruised, bruis•ing, n. 
v. 
  1. Pathologyto injure by striking or pressing, without breaking the skin but causing a discolored spot to develop: [+ object]bruised her knee against the chair.[no object]With that disease the patient bruises easily.
  2. to injure or hurt slightly, as with an insult or unkind remark;
    offend: [+ object]Those sharp insults bruised her feelings.[no object]We both bruise too easily.

n. [countable]
  1. Pathologyan injury due to bruising:black-and-blue bruises on her arms and legs.
bruised, adj.: The bruised fruit had so many spots on it that we had to throw it out.
bruis•ing, adj.: He won the election only after a bruising campaign.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
bruise  (bro̅o̅z),USA pronunciation v.,  bruised, bruis•ing, n. 
v.t. 
  1. Pathologyto injure by striking or pressing, without breaking the skin:The blow bruised his arm. Her pinching bruised the peaches.
  2. to injure or hurt slightly, as with an insult or unkind remark:to bruise a person's feelings.
  3. to crush (drugs or food) by beating or pounding.
  4. Metallurgyto injure the surface of (an ingot or finished object) by collision.

v.i. 
  1. to develop or bear a discolored spot on the skin as the result of a blow, fall, etc.
  2. Pathologyto become injured slightly:His feelings bruise easily.

n. 
  1. Pathologyan injury due to bruising;
    contusion.
  • bef. 900; Middle English bro(o)sen, bres(s)en, bris(s)en, bruisen, representing Old English brȳsan, brēsan and Anglo-French bruser, Old French bruisier, akin to briser to break; see brisance


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

bruise /bruːz/ vb (mainly tr)
  1. (also intr) to injure (tissues) without breaking the skin, usually with discoloration, or (of tissues) to be injured in this way
  2. to offend or injure (someone's feelings) by an insult, unkindness, etc
  3. to damage the surface of (something), as by a blow
  4. to crush (food, etc) by pounding or pressing
n
  1. a bodily injury without a break in the skin, usually with discoloration; contusion
Etymology: Old English brӯsan, of Celtic origin; compare Irish brūigim I bruise



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