brush

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 [ˈbrʌʃ]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
brush1 /brʌʃ/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. a hand-held instrument of bristles and a handle, used for painting, cleaning, grooming, etc.:The painter took a thin brush and began painting the wall.
  2. an act of brushing;
    application of a brush:a few quick brushes of her hair.
  3. a close approach, esp. to something undesirable or harmful;
    skirmish:a brush with disaster.
  4. the brush, [singular] a rejection or rebuff:to get the brush from one's lover.Compare brush-off.

v. [+ object]
  1. to sweep, paint, groom, etc., with a brush.
  2. to touch lightly in passing;
    pass lightly over:The plane just brushed the surface of the water.
  3. brush aside or away, to disregard;
    ignore: [+ object + aside/away]He brushed our objections aside.[+ aside/away + object]He brushed aside our objections.
  4. brush off, [+ object + off] to send (someone) away;
    to refuse to listen to:He tried to start a conversation with her, but she brushed him off.
  5. brush up (on), [+ up (+ on) + object] to revive or review (studies, a skill, etc.):had to brush up on his mathematics.
brush•er, n. [countable]

brush2 /brʌʃ/USA pronunciation   n. [uncountable]
    • a thick, heavy, dense growth of bushes, shrubs, etc.:The fox disappeared into the brush.
  1. brushwood (defs. 1, 2).

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
brush1  (brush),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. an implement consisting of bristles, hair, or the like, set in or attached to a handle, used for painting, cleaning, polishing, grooming, etc.
  2. Music and Danceone of a pair of devices consisting of long, thin handles with wire bristles attached, used in jazz or dance bands for keeping a soft, rhythmic beat on the trap drums or the cymbals.
  3. Zoologythe bushy tail of an animal, esp. of a fox.
  4. Electricity
    • a conductor, often made of carbon or copper or a combination of the two, serving to maintain electric contact between stationary and moving parts of a machine, generator, or other apparatus.
    • See  brush discharge. 
  5. a feathery or hairy tuft or tassel, as on the tip of a kernel of grain or on a man's hat.
  6. an act or instance of brushing;
    application of a brush.
  7. a light, stroking touch.
  8. a brief encounter:He has already had one brush with the law.
  9. a close approach, esp. to something undesirable or harmful:a brush with disaster.
  10. Idiomsget the brush, to be rejected or rebuffed:She greeted Jim effusively, but I got the brush.
  11. Idiomsgive the brush, to ignore, rebuff, etc.:If you're still angry with him, give him the brush.

v.t. 
  1. to sweep, paint, clean, polish, etc., with a brush.
  2. to touch lightly in passing;
    pass lightly over:His lips brushed her ear.
  3. to remove by brushing or by lightly passing over:His hand brushed a speck of lint from his coat.

v.i. 
  1. to move or skim with a slight contact.
  2. brush aside, to disregard;
    ignore:Our complaints were simply brushed aside.
  3. brush off, to rebuff;
    send away:She had never been brushed off so rudely before.
  4. brush up on, to revive, review, or resume (studies, a skill, etc.):She's thinking of brushing up on her tennis.
Also,  brush up.  brusha•ble, adj. 
brusher, n. 
brushlike′, adj. 
  • Old French brosser to travel (through brush), verb, verbal derivative of broce (see brush2)
  • 1350–1400; (noun, nominal) Middle English brusshe, probably to be identified with brush2, if origin, originally sense was implement made from twigs, etc., culled from brushwood; (verb, verbal) Middle English brushen to hasten, rush, probably
    • 8.See corresponding entry in Unabridged engagement, action, skirmish. See  struggle. 

brush2  (brush),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. a dense growth of bushes, shrubs, etc.;
    scrub;
    thicket.
  2. a pile or covering of lopped or broken branches;
    brushwood.
  3. bushes and low trees growing in thick profusion, esp. close to the ground.
  4. Also called  brushland. land or an area covered with thickly growing bushes and low trees.
  5. backwoods;
    a sparsely settled wooded region.
brushi•ness, n. 
  • Vulgar Latin *bruscia excrescences, derivative of Latin bruscum knot or excrescence on a maple tree
  • Middle French broisse, Old French broce underbrush (compare Anglo-French brousson wood, brusseie heath), perh.
  • Middle English brusshe 1350–1400

Brush  (brush),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. BiographicalKatharine, 1902–52, U.S. novelist and short-story writer.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

brush /brʌʃ/ n
  1. a device made of bristles, hairs, wires, etc, set into a firm back or handle: used to apply paint, clean or polish surfaces, groom the hair, etc
  2. the act or an instance of brushing
  3. a light stroke made in passing; graze
  4. a brief encounter or contact, esp an unfriendly one; skirmish
  5. the bushy tail of a fox, often kept as a trophy after a hunt, or of certain breeds of dog
  6. an electric conductor, esp one made of carbon, that conveys current between stationary and rotating parts of a generator, motor, etc
vb
  1. (transitive) to clean, polish, scrub, paint, etc, with a brush
  2. (transitive) to apply or remove with a brush or brushing movement
  3. (transitive) to touch lightly and briefly
  4. (intransitive) to move so as to graze or touch something lightly

See also brush aside, brush off, brush upEtymology: 14th Century: from Old French broisse, perhaps from broce brush²

ˈbrusher n
brush /brʌʃ/ n
  1. a thick growth of shrubs and small trees; scrub
  2. land covered with scrub
  3. broken or cut branches or twigs; brushwood
  4. wooded sparsely populated country; backwoods
Etymology: 16th Century (dense undergrowth), C14 (cuttings of trees): from Old French broce, from Vulgar Latin bruscia (unattested) brushwood



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