- something built with a roof and walls, such as a house or factory
- the act, business, occupation, or art of building houses, boats, etc
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
- Building, Architecture anything (such as a house, etc.) built on an area of land, having a roof and walls and usually intended to be kept in one place:[countable]Many of the old buildings were being fixed.
- [uncountable] the act or business of constructing houses, etc.
- Building, Architecturea relatively permanent enclosed construction over a plot of land, having a roof and usually windows and often more than one level, used for any of a wide variety of activities, as living, entertaining, or manufacturing.
- anything built or constructed.
- the act, business, or practice of constructing houses, office buildings, etc.
- Middle English byldinge. See build, -ing1 1250–1300
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Building, edifice, structure refer to something built. Building and structure may apply to either a finished or an unfinished product of construction, and carry no implications as to size or condition. Edifice is a more formal word and narrower in application, referring to a completed structure, and usually a large and imposing one. Building generally connotes a useful purpose (houses, schools, business offices, etc.);
structure suggests the planning and constructive process.
- to make (a house, etc.) by putting together parts: [~ + object]How many years did it take to build the Empire State Building?[no object]The town wants to build in that area.
- to start, increase, or strengthen;
grow intense: [~ (+ up) + object]He came to this country and built (up) the family business.[~ + object (+ up)]to build it (up).[no object; (~ + up)]The tension in that story builds (up) toward a climax.See build up below.
- to form, shape, or create:[~ + object (+ into)]The military school builds boys into men.
- build in or into, [~ + in/into + object] to make something a part of something else: An allowance for travel was built into the budget.
- build on or upon, [~ + on/upon + object]
- to have as a basis:a relationship built on trust.
- to form or construct a plan, system of thought, etc.: to build on the philosophies of the past.
- build up, [~ + up + object]
- to develop, strengthen, or increase:She built up my confidence.
- to improve the strength or health of:weightlifting to build up his body.
- to fill up with houses or other buildings:My old neighborhood has really been built up.
n. [countable; singular]
- the shape or structure of a person's body or muscles;
physique:She had a strong build.
- to construct (esp. something complex) by assembling and joining parts or materials:to build a house.
- to establish, increase, or strengthen (often fol. by up):to build a business; to build up one's hopes.
- to mold, form, or create:to build boys into men.
- to base;
found:a relationship built on trust.
- to make (words) from letters.
- to assemble (cards) according to number, suit, etc., as in melding.
- to engage in the art, practice, or business of building.
- to form or construct a plan, system of thought, etc. (usually fol. by on or upon):He built on the philosophies of the past.
- to increase or develop toward a maximum, as of intensity, tempo, or magnitude (often fol. by up):The drama builds steadily toward a climax.
- build in or into, to build or incorporate as part of something else:to build in bookcases between the windows; an allowance for travel expenses built into the budget.
- build up:
- to develop or increase:to build up a bank account.
- to strengthen.
- to prepare in stages.
- to fill in with houses;
develop into an urban area.
- to praise or flatter.
- the physical structure, esp. of a person;
figure:He had a strong build.
- the manner or form of construction:The house was of modern build.
- a vertical joint.
- the vertical dimension of a stone laid on its bed.
- Middle English bilden, Old English byldan, derivative of bold, variant of botl dwelling, house bef. 1150
- to make, construct, or form by joining parts or materials: to build a house
- (transitive) to order the building of: the government builds most of our hospitals
- followed by on or upon: to base; found: his theory was not built on facts
- (transitive) to establish and develop: it took ten years to build a business
- (transitive) to make in a particular way or for a particular purpose: the car was not built for speed
- (intransitive) often followed by up: to increase in intensity
- physical form, figure, or proportions: a man with an athletic build