case

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 [ˈkeɪs]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
case1 /keɪs/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. one instance or an example of the occurrence of something: a case of poor judgment.
  2. [usually: be + the + ~] the actual state of things: If that's the case, you'd better get here sooner.
  3. situation;
    circumstance: a hopeless case.
  4. Sociologya patient or client, as of a physician or social worker.
  5. Medicinean instance of disease, injury, etc., requiring attention:a very bad case of arthritis.
  6. a specific occurrence requiring discussion or investigation:We now come to the case of the professor turned down for reappointment.
  7. a statement of facts, reasons, etc., used to support an argument: We presented a strong case against the proposed law.
  8. Law
    • a suit or action before a judge:The murder case came before the new judge.
  9. Grammarin grammar, the form of a word, usually of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, that serves to show the relation of the word to other words in a sentence:The case of the pronoun "he'' shows that it is the subject of the sentence "He is ready.'' The case of the pronoun "me'' shows that it is the object of the sentence "John saw me.''
Idioms
  1. Idioms, Slang Termsget off someone's case, Slang. to stop nagging or criticizing someone.
  2. Idiomsin any case, regardless of circumstances;
    whatever happens:We were ready, in any case, for war.
  3. Idiomsin case, if it should happen that;
    if:Please walk the dog in case I don't come back on time.
  4. Idiomsin case of, in the event of;
    if there should be:In case of fire, exit quietly down the stairs.
  5. Idiomsin no case, under no condition;
    never:In no case should you run down those stairs.
  6. Idiomson someone's case, [be + ~ (+ about + object)][Informal.]nagging or criticizing someone:She's always on my case about my finances.


case2 /keɪs/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  cased, cas•ing. 
n. [countable]
  1. a container for enclosing something, such as for carrying or safekeeping:She put the jewels back in their case.
  2. an outer covering: a knife case.
  3. a box with its contents: a case of soda.
  4. the amount contained in a box or other container:drank a case of beer.
  5. Buildingthe particular form of a written letter, either capital (uppercase) or small (lowercase).

v. [+ object]
  1. to put or enclose in a case.
  2. Slang TermsSlang. to examine carefully (a house, etc.) esp. in planning a crime:We cased the joint last night; we can get in, no problem.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
case1  (kās),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. an instance of the occurrence, existence, etc., of something:Sailing in such a storm was a case of poor judgment.
  2. the actual state of things:That is not the case.
  3. a question or problem of moral conduct;
    matter:a case of conscience.
  4. situation;
    circumstance;
    plight:Mine is a sad case.
  5. a person or thing whose plight or situation calls for attention:This family is a hardship case.
  6. a specific occurrence or matter requiring discussion, decision, or investigation, as by officials or law-enforcement authorities:The police studied the case of the missing jewels.
  7. a stated argument used to support a viewpoint:He presented a strong case against the proposed law.
  8. Medicinean instance of disease, injury, etc., requiring medical or surgical attention or treatment;
    individual affliction:She had a severe case of chicken pox.
  9. Medicinea medical or surgical patient.
  10. Law
    • a suit or action at law;
      cause.
    • Lawa set of facts giving rise to a legal claim, or to a defense to a legal claim.
  11. Grammar
    • a category in the inflection of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives, noting the syntactic relation of these words to other words in the sentence, indicated by the form or the position of the words.
    • a set of such categories in a particular language.
    • Grammarthe meaning of or the meaning typical of such a category.
    • Grammarsuch categories or their meanings collectively.
  12. Informal Termsa peculiar or unusual person:He's a case.
  13. Idioms, Slang Termsget off someone's case, [Slang.]to stop bothering or criticizing someone or interfering in someone's affairs:I've had enough of your advice, so just get off my case.
  14. Slang Terms, Idiomsget or  be on someone's case, to bother or nag someone;
    meddle in someone's affairs:Her brother is always on her case about getting married. Why do you keep getting on my case?
  15. Slang Termshave a case on, to be infatuated with:He had a case on the girl next door.
  16. Idiomsin any case, regardless of circumstances;
    be that as it may;
    anyhow:In any case, there won't be any necessity for you to come along.
  17. Idiomsin case, if it should happen that;
    if:In case I am late, don't wait to start dinner.
  18. Idiomsin case of, in the event of;
    if there should be:In case of an error in judgment, the group leader will be held responsible.
  19. Idiomsin no case, under no condition;
    never:He should in no case be allowed to get up until he has completely recovered from his illness.
caseless, adj. 
caseless•ly, adv. 
  • Latin cāsus fall, accident, event, grammatical case (translation of Greek ptôsis), equivalent. to cad(ere) to fall + -tus suffix of verb, verbal action; compare Old English cāsus grammatical case
  • Anglo-French, Old French cas
  • Middle English ca(a)s before 1150
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Case, instance, example, illustration suggest the existence or occurrence of a particular thing representative of its type.
      Case and
      instance are closely allied in meaning, as are
      example and
      illustration. Case is a general word, meaning a fact, occurrence, or situation typical of a class:a case of assault and battery.An
      instance is a concrete factual case which is adduced to explain a general idea:an instance of a brawl in which an assault occurred.An
      example is one typical case, usually from many similar ones, used to make clear or explain the working of a principle (what may be expected of any others of the group):This boy is an example of the effect of strict discipline.An
      illustration exemplifies a theory or principle similarly, except that the choice may be purely hypothetical:The work of Seeing Eye dogs is an illustration of what is thought to be intelligence in animals.

case2  (kās),USA pronunciation n., v.,  cased, cas•ing. 
n. 
  1. an often small or portable container for enclosing something, as for carrying or safekeeping;
    receptacle:a jewel case.
  2. a sheath or outer covering:a knife case.
  3. a box with its contents:a case of ginger ale.
  4. the amount contained in a box or other container:There are a dozen bottles to a case.
  5. a pair or couple;
    brace:a case of pistols.
  6. Buildinga surrounding frame or framework, as of a door.
  7. Printing[Bookbinding.]a completed book cover ready to be fitted to form the binding of a book.
  8. Printinga tray of wood, metal, or plastic, divided into compartments for holding types for the use of a compositor and usually arranged in a set of two, the upper(upper case) for capital letters and often auxiliary types, the lower(lower case) for small letters and often auxiliary types, now generally replaced by the California job case. Cf. news case.
  9. Zoologya cavity in the skull of a sperm whale, containing an oil from which spermaceti is obtained.
  10. GamesAlso called  case card. [Cards.]the last card of a suit or denomination that remains after the other cards have been played:a case heart; the case jack.
  11. Games[Faro.]casebox.
  12. Dialect Terms[Southeastern U.S.](chiefly South Carolina). a coin of a particular denomination, as opposed to the same amount in change:a case quarter.
  13. Metallurgythe hard outer part of a piece of casehardened steel.

v.t. 
  1. to put or enclose in a case;
    cover with a case.
  2. Slang Termsto examine or survey (a house, bank, etc.) in planning a crime (sometimes fol. by out):They cased the joint and decided to pull the job on Sunday.
  3. to fuse a layer of glass onto (glass of a contrasting color or of different properties).
  4. to cover (a surface of a wall, well, shaft, etc.) with a facing or lining;
    revet.
  5. Printing[Bookbinding.]to bind (a book) in a case.
  6. Games[Cards Slang.]
    • to arrange (cards or a pack of cards) in a dishonest manner.
    • to remember the quantity, suit, or denomination of (the cards played).
caser, n. 
  • Latin capsa cylindrical case for holding books in scroll form, receptacle
  • Anglo-French cas(s)e, Old French chasse
  • Middle English cas 1250–1300


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

case /keɪs/ n
  1. a single instance, occurrence, or example of something
  2. an instance of disease, injury, hardship, etc
  3. a question or matter for discussion: the case before the committee
  4. a specific condition or state of affairs; situation
  5. a set of arguments supporting a particular action, cause, etc
  6. a person attended or served by a doctor, social worker, solicitor, etc; patient or client
  7. (as modifier): a case study
  8. an action or suit at law or something that forms sufficient grounds for bringing an action: he has a good case
  9. the evidence offered in court to support a claim
  10. a set of grammatical categories of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives, marked by inflection in some languages, indicating the relation of the noun, adjective, or pronoun to other words in the sentence
  11. any one of these categories: the nominative case
  12. informal an odd person; eccentric
  13. in any case ⇒ (adverb) no matter what; anyhow
  14. in case ⇒ (adverb) in order to allow for eventualities
  15. (as conjunction) in order to allow for the possibility that: take your coat in case it rains
  16. in case of ⇒ (preposition) in the event of
  17. in no case ⇒ (adverb) under no circumstances: in no case should you fight back
Etymology: Old English casus (grammatical) case, associated also with Old French cas a happening; both from Latin cāsus, a befalling, occurrence, from cadere to fall
case /keɪs/ n
  1. a container, such as a box or chest
  2. (in combination): suitcase, briefcase
  3. an outer cover or sheath, esp for a watch
  4. a receptacle and its contents: a case of ammunition
  5. another word for casing
  6. a completed cover ready to be fastened to a book to form its binding
  7. a tray divided into many compartments in which a compositor keeps individual metal types of a particular size and style. Cases were originally used in pairs, one (the upper case) for capitals, the other (the lower case) for small letters
    See also upper case, lower case
vb (transitive)
  1. to put into or cover with a case
  2. slang to inspect carefully (esp a place to be robbed)
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French casse, from Latin capsa, from capere to take, hold



vanity bag, case, box n
  1. a woman's small bag or hand case used to carry cosmetics, etc



'case' also found in these entries:
Collocations: case it in [steel, concrete], a [medical, cancer, criminal, court, legal] case, [upper, lower] -case letters, more...

Forum discussions with the word(s) "case" in the title:


Look up "case" at Merriam-Webster
Look up "case" at dictionary.com

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