WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
cel•an•dine  (selən dīn′, -dēn′),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Plant BiologyAlso called  greater celandine, swallowwort. an Old World plant, Chelidonium majus, of the poppy family, having yellow flowers.
  2. Plant BiologyAlso called  lesser celandine. an Old World plant, Ranunculus ficaria, of the buttercup family, having fleshy, heart-shaped leaves and solitary yellow flowers.
  • Greek chelīdónion, derivative of chelīdó̄n swallow; said to be so called because it blooms when the swallows return in spring
  • Latin chelīdonia greater celandine, chelīdonium lesser celandine
  • Middle English selandyne, variant of celydon 1275–1325


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

celandine /ˈsɛlənˌdaɪn/ n
  1. either of two unrelated plants, Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) or Ranunculus ficaria (lesser celandine)
    See lesser celandine
Etymology: 13th Century: earlier celydon, from Latin chelīdonia (the plant), from chelīdonius of the swallow, from Greek khelidōn swallow; the plant's season was believed to parallel the migration of swallows



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