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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
charge /tʃɑrdʒ/USA pronunciation
v., charged, charg•ing, n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to ask (money) for payment: [no object]Does the hotel charge for television?[~ + object ( + for + object)]The hotel charges ten dollars extra a night for television.
- to ask a price or fee of (someone): [~ + object ( + for)]Did the hotel charge you for the cable television?[ ~ + obj + obj]:They charged us money for using the cable TV.
- [~ + object] to make a record of (a purchase) so that it can be paid for at some future time: He charged the coat on his credit card.
- [~ + object] to attack; rush forward against:The cavalry charged the enemy.
[~ + object + with + object] to accuse formally or in law: They charged her with theft.
to command or give an order or instruction to: [~ + object + with + object]The vice-president charged his assistant with management of the budget.[~ + object + to + verb]The judge charged the jury to ignore the testimony.
[~ + object] to fill or refill so as to make ready for use: to charge a musket.
Electricity[~ + object] to put electrical energy into: They charged the dead battery and started the car.
to fill, as with emotion; create a feeling in[~ + object;
- [no object] to rush suddenly or violently:They charged up the hill after her.
usually: be + ~-ed + with + object]The air was charged with excitement.
Slang Terms[Informal.]a thrill that causes pleasure or laughter;
- [countable] a fee or price asked or imposed: a charge of six dollars for admission.
- expense or cost[uncountable]We'll repair the damage at no charge.
- an attack, as of soldiers; onrush[countable]the Charge of the Light Brigade.
- someone or something given to one's care[countable]The young thieves were Fagin's charges.
- a command or instruction[countable]The judge issued a charge to the jury not to talk about the case.
- [countable] an accusation: The state dropped the main charge of theft.
- [countable] a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time.
usually singular]I got quite a charge out of watching her.
char•gé /ʃɑrˈʒeɪ, ˈʃɑrʒeɪ/USA pronunciation
n. [countable] ,pl. -gés
- Idiomsin charge, in command;
having the care or responsibility: Who's in charge here?
- Idiomstake charge, [~ + of + object] to assume control or responsibility:expected her to take charge of the situation.
/-ˈʒeɪz; -ʒeɪz/ .USA pronunciation
- Governmenta chargé d'affaires.
(chärj), v., charged, charg•ing, n.
- to impose or ask as a price or fee:That store charges $25 for leather gloves.
- to impose on or ask of (someone) a price or fee:He didn't charge me for it.
- to defer payment for (a purchase) until a bill is rendered by the creditor:The store let me charge the coat.
- Businessto hold liable for payment; enter a debit against.
- to attack by rushing violently against:The cavalry charged the enemy.
- to accuse formally or explicitly (usually fol. by with):They charged him with theft.
- to impute; ascribe the responsibility for:He charged the accident to his own carelessness.
- Lawto instruct authoritatively, as a judge does a jury.
- to lay a command or injunction upon:He charged his secretary with the management of his correspondence.
- to fill or furnish (a thing) with the quantity, as of powder or fuel, that it is fitted to receive:to charge a musket.
- Electricityto supply with a quantity of electric charge or electrical energy:to charge a storage battery.
- Electricityto change the net amount of positive or negative electric charge of (a particle, body, or system).
- to suffuse, as with emotion:The air was charged with excitement.
- to fill (air, water, etc.) with other matter in a state of diffusion or solution:The air was charged with pollen.
- Metallurgy[Metall.]to load (materials) into a furnace, converter, etc.
- to load or burden (the mind, heart, etc.):His mind was charged with weighty matters.
- to put a load or burden on or in.
- Library Scienceto record the loan of, as books or other materials from a library (often fol. by out):The librarian will charge those books at the front desk.
- Library Scienceto borrow, as books or other materials from a library (often fol. by out):How many magazines may I charge at one time?
- Heraldry[Heraldry.]to place charges on (an escutcheon).
- to make an onset; rush, as to an attack.
- to place the price of a thing to one's debit.
- to require payment:to charge for a service.
- Businessto make a debit, as in an account.
- (of dogs) to lie down at command.
- to write off as an expense or loss.
charge up, [Informal.]
- to attribute to:I charged off the blunder to inexperience.
- to agitate, stimulate, or excite:a fiery speaker who can charge up an audience.
- to put or be under the influence of narcotic drugs.
- expense or cost:improvements made at a tenant's own charge.
- a fee or price charged:a charge of three dollars for admission.
- Businessa pecuniary burden, encumbrance, tax, or lien; cost;
liability to pay:After his death there were many charges on his estate.
- Businessan entry in an account of something due.
- an impetuous onset or attack, as of soldiers.
- Militarya signal by bugle, drum, etc., for a military charge.
- a duty or responsibility laid upon or entrusted to one.
- care, custody, or superintendence:The child was placed in her nurse's charge.
- anything or anybody committed to one's care or management:The nurse was careful to let no harm come to her charge.
- Religion[Eccles.]a parish or congregation committed to the spiritual care of a pastor.
- a command or injunction; exhortation.
- an accusation:He was arrested on a charge of theft.
- Law[Law.]an address by a judge to a jury at the close of a trial, instructing it as to the legal points, the weight of evidence, etc., affecting the verdict in the case.
- Metallurgythe quantity of anything that an apparatus is fitted to hold, or holds, at one time:a charge of coal for a furnace.
- a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time.
Slang Terms[Slang.]a thrill; kick.
Rocketry[Rocketry.]grains of a solid propellant, usually including an inhibitor.
a load or burden.
Heraldry[Heraldry.]any distinctive mark upon an escutcheon, as an ordinary or device, not considered as belonging to the field;
- the process of charging a storage battery.
- in command;
having supervisory power.
in charge of:
- [Brit.]under arrest;
in or into the custody of the police.
- having the care or supervision of:She is in charge of two libraries.
- Also,in the charge of. under the care or supervision of:The books are in the charge of the accounting office.
5 . assault. 6 . indict, arraign, impeach. 9 . enjoin, exhort, urge, bid, require, order. 29 . See price. 32 . onslaught, assault. 34 . commission, trust. 35 . management. 39 . indictment, imputation, allegation. 46 in Unabridged dictionary . cargo, freight.
6 . acquit, absolve.
(shär zhā′, shär′zhā; Fr. shar zhā′), n., pl. -gés
1950–55 for def. 41;
(verb, verbal) Middle English chargen Anglo-French, Old French charg(i)er Late Latin carricāre to load a wagon, equivalent. to carr(us) wagon (see car1) + -icā- verb, verbal suffix. + -re infinitive ending;
(noun, nominal) Middle English Anglo-French, Old French, noun, nominal derivative of the verb, verbal
- a chargé d'affaires.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
charge /tʃɑːdʒ/ vb
- to set or demand (a price)
- (transitive) to enter or record as an obligation against a person or his account
- (transitive) to accuse or impute a fault to (a person, etc), as formally in a court of law
- (transitive) to command; place a burden upon or assign responsibility to: I was charged to take the message to headquarters
- to make a rush at or sudden attack upon (a person or thing)
- (transitive) to fill (a receptacle) with the proper or appropriate quantity
- (often followed by up) to cause (an accumulator, capacitor, etc) to take or store electricity or (of an accumulator) to have electricity fed into it
- to fill or suffuse or to be filled or suffused with matter by dispersion, solution, or absorption: to charge water with carbon dioxide
- (transitive) to fill or suffuse with feeling, emotion, etc: the atmosphere was charged with excitement
- (transitive) (of a judge) to address (a jury) authoritatively
- (transitive) to load (a firearm)
- (transitive) to paint (a shield, banner, etc) with a charge
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French chargier to load, from Late Latin carricāre; see carry
- a price charged for some article or service; cost
- a financial liability, such as a tax
- a debt or a book entry recording it
- an accusation or allegation, such as a formal accusation of a crime in law
- an onrush, attack, or assault
- the call to such an attack in battle
- custody or guardianship
- a person or thing committed to someone's care
- a cartridge or shell
- the explosive required to discharge a firearm or other weapon
- an amount of explosive material to be detonated at any one time
- the quantity of anything that a receptacle is intended to hold
- the attribute of matter by which it responds to electromagnetic forces responsible for all electrical phenomena, existing in two forms to which the signs negative and positive are arbitrarily assigned
- a similar property of a body or system determined by the extent to which it contains an excess or deficiency of electrons
- a quantity of electricity determined by the product of an electric current and the time for which it flows, measured in coulombs
- the total amount of electricity stored in a capacitor
- a load or burden
- a duty or responsibility; control
- a command, injunction, or order
- a design, device, or image depicted on heraldic arms
- in charge ⇒ in command
- in charge of ⇒ having responsibility for
- US under the care of
'charged' also found in these entries: