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The entry for 'china' is displayed below.
Also see: closet
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
china /ˈtʃaɪnə/ n
Etymology: 16th Century chiny, from Persian chīnī
- ceramic ware of a type originally from China
- any porcelain or similar ware
- cups, saucers, etc, collectively
- (modifier) made of china
china /ˈtʃaɪnə/ n
Etymology: 19th Century: originally Cockney rhyming slang: china plate, mate
- Brit South African informal a friend or companion
China /ˈtʃaɪnə/ n
- People's Republic of China, Communist China, Red China ⇒ a republic in E Asia: the third largest and the most populous country in the world; the oldest continuing civilization (beginning over 2000 years bc); republic established in 1911 after the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty by Sun Yat-sen; People's Republic formed in 1949; the 1980s and 1990s saw economic liberalization but a rejection of political reform; contains vast deserts, steppes, great mountain ranges (Himalayas, Kunlun, Tian Shan, and Nan Shan), a central rugged plateau, and intensively cultivated E plains. Language: Chinese in various dialects, the chief of which is Mandarin. Religion: nonreligious majority; Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: yuan. Capital: Beijing. Pop: 1 300 000 000 (2005 est). Area: 9 560 990 sq km (3 691 502 sq miles)
- Republic of China, Nationalist China, Taiwan ⇒ a republic (recognized as independent by only 24 nations) in E Asia occupying the island of Taiwan, 13 nearby islands, and 64 islands of the Penghu (Pescadores) group: established in 1949 by the Nationalist government of China under Chiang Kai-shek after its expulsion by the Communists from the mainland; its territory claimed by the People's Republic of China since the political separation from the mainland; under US protection 1954–79; lost its seat at the UN to the People's Republic of China in 1971; state of war with the People's Republic of China formally ended in 1991, though tensions continue owing to the unresolved territorial claim. Language: Mandarin Chinese. Religion: nonreligious majority, Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: New Taiwan dollar. Capital: Taipei. Pop: 22 610 000 (2003 est). Area: 35 981 sq km (13 892 sq miles)
Former name: Formosa
Related adjective(s): Sinitic