WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
churn /tʃɝn/USA pronunciation
n. [countable]WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
- a machine in which cream is beaten to make butter.
- [~ + object] to shake, beat, or stir vigorously to make into butter: to churn cream.
- to shake or move about vigorously or violently: [~ ( + up) + object]The storm churned (up) the sea.[~ + object + up]The storm churned it up.[no object]The sea was churning and the boat rocked back and forth.
- to have a feeling or sensation as if moving or shaking[no object]His stomach was churning from anxiety.
- churn out, to produce quickly as if by machine and in large numbers or great quantity: [~ + out + object]She was churning out numerous articles and book reviews.[~ + object + out]She was churning them out rapidly.
- a container or machine in which cream or milk is agitated to make butter.
- any of various containers or machines similar in shape or action to a butter churn, as a device for mixing beverages.
- British Terms[Brit.]a large milk can.
- Stock Exchange, Businessan act of churning stocks by a stockbroker.
- to agitate in order to make into butter:to churn cream.
- to make (butter) by the agitation of cream.
- to shake or agitate with violence or continued motion:The storm churned the sea.
- Business(of a stockbroker) to trade (a customer's securities) excessively in order to earn more in commissions.
- to operate a churn.
- to move or shake in agitation, as a liquid or any loose matter:The leaves churned along the ground.
- Stock Exchange, Business(of a stockbroker) to engage in the practice of churning.
- churn out, to produce mechanically, hurriedly, or routinely:He was hired to churn out verses for greeting cards.
7 . whip, toss, convulse.
Middle English chirne (noun, nominal), Old English cyrne cyr(i)n;
cognate with Middle Low German kerne, Old Norse kjarni, kirna
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
churn /tʃɜːn/ n
- Brit a large container for milk
- a vessel or machine in which cream or whole milk is vigorously agitated to produce butter
- any similar device
- the number of customers who switch from one supplier to another
Etymology: Old English ciern; related to Old Norse kjarni, Middle Low German kerne churn, German dialect Kern creamˈchurner n
- to stir or agitate (milk or cream) in order to make butter
- to make (butter) by this process
- (sometimes followed by up) to move or cause to move with agitation: ideas churned in his head
- (of a bank, broker, etc) to encourage an investor or policyholder to change investments, endowment policies, etc, to increase commissions at the client's expense
- (of a government) to pay benefits to a wide category of people and claw it back by taxation from the well off
- to promote the turnover of existing subscribers leasing, and new subscribers joining, a cable television system or mobile phone company
'churned' also found in these entries: