WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
close /v., n. kloʊz; adj., adv. kloʊs/USA pronunciation
v., closed, clos•ing, adj., clos•er, clos•est, adv., n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
- to (cause to) become shut: [no object]The door closed with a bang.[~ + object]closed her eyes and slept.
- to stop or obstruct (a gap, etc.): [~ ( + up) + object]to close (up) a hole in the wall.[~ + object ( + up)]to close it (up).
- to restrict passage across; prevent access to[~ + object]The country closed its border to tourists.
- [~ + object] to bring together the parts of:She closed her lips.
to (cause to) come to an end: [~ + object]The chair moved to close debate.[no object]The sermon closed with a warning not to forget God's poor.
to end or conclude (a business deal) successfully: [~ + object]We closed a deal that was good for both our companies.[no object]They managed to close on the house they wanted.
to stop giving the usual services (of): [no object]School closed for the summer.[~ + object]The owners closed the store for the night.
[~ + object] to shut down; suspend the operation of: The police closed the bar for selling liquor to minors.
Business (of a stock) to be priced at the end of a day or when stocks are traded[no object]The American Exchange closed up at an average 50 cents a share.
close down, to end operation (of);
- [no object]Her lips closed.
stop: [no object]The radio station closed down at 3 a.m.[~ + down + object]The owners closed down the steel mills.[~ + object + down]The owners closed them down and left.
close in on or upon, [~ + in + on/upon + object]
- to approach quietly and secretly, such as to capture or kill:They closed in on the wounded animal.
- to surround, as if to suffocate:The fog closed in on us.
- to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale: [~ + out + object]They closed out mattresses.[~ + object + out]closed bedroom sets out.
- [~ + out + object] to dispose of completely; liquidate:to close out a bank account.
- being near in space or time;
nearby[be + ~ ( + to + object)]Our apartment is close to the train station. Winter must be close; it's gotten colder.
- [often: be + ~ ( + to + object)] marked by similarity in degree, etc.: Dark pink is close to red.
- [before a noun] near in a kind of family relationship: He was a close relative.
- [before a noun] based on a strong feeling of respect, honor, or love;
dear: She's a close friend.
- not differing much from (the subject talked about)[be + ~ + to + object]Your remarks are close to treason!
- fitting tightly: a close sweater.
- careful; strict;
searching[before a noun]Close investigation revealed the accountant's error.
- nearly even or equal: a close contest.
- having the parts near to each other;
dense: cloth with a close weave.
stuffy: It's pretty close in here;
can't we turn on the air-conditioner?
- practicing secrecy;
secretive[be + ~]They were very close about their home country.
- near; close by;
closely[often: ~ + to + object]I live fairly close to the train station;
stood close to her friend.
- the act of closing.
- the end or conclusion:At the close of the century we expect worse global warming.
close•ly/ˈkloʊsli/USA pronunciation adv.
close•ness/ˈkloʊsnɪs/USA pronunciation n. [uncountable]
clos•er/ˈkloʊzɚ/USA pronunciation n. [countable]See -clos-.
- Idiomsclose ranks, to join forces in a show of loyalty, esp. to deal with difficulty:It's time for us to close ranks and stay together.
- Idiomsclose up, from close range; in a detailed manner:When you examine this painting close up, you'll see it's not genuine.
(v. klōz;adj., adv. klōs or, for 56, klōz;
n. klōz for 66, 67, 70–72, 74, 75, klōs for 68, 69, 73), v., closed, clos•ing, adj., clos•er, clos•est, adv., n.
- to put (something) in a position to obstruct an entrance, opening, etc.;
- to stop or obstruct (a gap, entrance, aperture, etc.):to close a hole in a wall with plaster.
- to block or hinder passage across or access to:to close a border to tourists; to close the woods to picnickers.
- to stop or obstruct the entrances, apertures, or gaps in:He closed the crate and tied it up.
- (of the mind) to make imperceptive or inaccessible:to close one's mind to the opposite opinion.
- to bring together the parts of; join;
unite (often fol. by up):Close up those ranks! The surgeon closed the incision.
- Electricity, Electronics[Elect.]to complete (an electrical circuit) by joining the circuit elements:The circuit was closed so the current could be measured.
- to bring to an end:to close a debate.
- to arrange the final details of; to conclude negotiations about:to close a deal to everyone's satisfaction.
- to complete or settle (a contract or transaction);
consummate:We close the sale of the house next week.
- to stop rendering the customary services of:to close a store for the night.
- to terminate or suspend the operation of; to halt the activities of:The epidemic forced authorities to close the schools. The police closed the bar for selling liquor to minors.
- Nautical, Naval Terms[Naut.]to come close to:We closed the cruiser to put our injured captain on board.
- Metallurgy[Metalworking.]to reduce the internal diameter of (a tube or the like).
- [Archaic.]to shut in or surround on all sides; enclose;
cover in:to close a bird in a cage.
- to become closed;
shut:The door closed with a bang. This window is stuck and will not close tight.
- to come together; unite:Her lips closed firmly.
- to come close:His pursuers closed rapidly.
- to grapple; engage in close encounter (often fol. by with):We closed with the invaders shortly before sundown.
- to come to an end;
terminate:The service closed with a hymn.
- to cease to offer the customary activities or services:The school closed for the summer.
- to enter into or reach an agreement, usually as a contract:The builder closed with the contractor after negotiations.
- (of a theatrical production) to cease to be performed:The play closed in New York yesterday and will open in Dallas next week.
- (of a stock, group of stocks, etc.) to be priced or show a change in price as specified at the end of a trading period:The market closed low for the fourth straight day.
- to terminate the operation of; discontinue:to close down an air base because of budget cuts.
close in on or upon:
- to attempt to control or eliminate:The city must close down drug traffic.
- to approach so as to capture, attack, arrest, etc.:The hoodlums closed in on their victim.
- to surround or envelop so as to entrap:a feeling that the room was closing in upon her.
- to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale:That store is closing out its stock of men's clothing.
Idiomsclose ranks, to unite forces, esp. by overlooking petty differences, in order to deal with an adverse or challenging situation; to join together in a show of unity, esp. to the public:When the newspaper story broke suggesting possible corruption in the government, the politicians all closed ranks.
- to liquidate or dispose of finally and completely:They closed out their interests after many years in this city.
- to come together in close array;
converge:The enemy was closing up on us from both flanks.
- to bring to an end; cease:The company is closing up its overseas operations.
- to become silent or uncommunicative.
- to reduce or eliminate spacing material between (units of set type).
- having the parts or elements near to one another:a close formation of battleships.
- compact; dense:a close texture;
a close weave.
- being in or having proximity in space or time:The barn is so close to the house that you can hear the animals. His birthday is in May, close to mine.
- marked by similarity in degree, action, feeling, etc.:This dark pink is close to red. He left her close to tears.
- near, or near together, in kind or relationship:a flower close to a rose; a close relative.
- intimate or confidential;
- based on a strong uniting feeling of respect, honor, or love:a close circle of friends.
- fitting tightly:a close, clinging negligee.
- (of a haircut or shave, the mowing of a lawn, etc.) so executed that the hair, grass, or the like is left flush with the surface or very short.
- not deviating from the subject under consideration.
- strict; searching;
minute:The matter requires close investigation.
- not deviating from a model or original:a close, literal translation.
- nearly even or equal:a close contest.
- strictly logical:close reasoning.
- shut; shut tight;
not open:a close hatch.
- shut in;
- completely enclosing or surrounding:a close siege preventing all escape.
- without opening; with all openings covered or closed.
- lacking fresh or freely circulating air:a hot, close room.
- heavy; oppressive:a spell of close, sultry weather.
- narrowly confined, as a prisoner.
- practicing or keeping secrecy;
reticent:She is so close that you can tell her all your secrets.
- parsimonious; stingy:He is very close with his money.
- scarce, as money.
- not open to public or general admission, competition, etc.:The entire parish participated in the close communication.
- (of a delimiting punctuation mark) occurring at the end of a group of words or characters that is set off, as from surrounding text:close parentheses; close quotes;
close brackets.Cf. open (def. 32).
- Sport[Hunting, Angling.]closed (def. 8).
- Phonetics[Phonet.](of a vowel) articulated with a relatively small opening between the tongue and the roof of the mouth. Cf. high (def. 23),open (def. 34a).
- Heraldry[Heraldry.](of a bird) represented as having folded wings:an eagle close.
- [Archaic.]viscous; not volatile.
- in a close manner;
- Heraldry[Heraldry.]immediately behind the ears, so as to show no neck:a bear's head couped close.
- Nautical, Naval Termsclose to the wind, [Naut.]in a direction nearly opposite to that from which the wind is coming:to sail close to the wind.
- from close range; in a detailed manner;
- [Naut.]fully raised;
at the top of the halyard:an answering pennant flown close up.Cf. dip (def. 37).
- the act of closing.
- the end or conclusion:at the close of day; the close of the speech.
- an enclosed place or enclosure, esp. one about or beside a cathedral or other building.
- any piece of land held as private property.
- See complimentary close.
- Music and Dance[Music.]cadence (def. 7).
- the closing price on a stock.
- the closing prices on an exchange market.
- a narrow entry or alley terminating in a dead end.
- a courtyard enclosed except for one narrow entrance.
[Obs.]a close encounter;
a grapple:The fighters met in a fierce close.
(klō′zə bəl), adj.
- Medieval Latin clūsa, for Latin clausa, feminine of clausus); noun, nominal and adjective, adjectival senses with voiced pronunciation, pronounced of s are presumably modern deverbal derivatives
- Latin clausus, past participle of claudere to close (compare clause); (verb, verbal) Middle English closen, verb, verbal derivative of the adjective, adjectival (compare Old English clȳsan, beclȳsan to shut in, enclose, verb, verbal derivative of clūse bar, enclosure
- Anglo-French, Old French
- (noun, nominal, adjective, adjectival) Middle English clos bef. 1050
2 . bar;
choke. Close, shut mean to cause something not to be open. Close suggests blocking an opening or vacant place:to close a breach in a wall.The word shut refers esp. to blocking or barring openings intended for entering and leaving:to shut a door, gate, etc.,and close can be used in this sense, too:to close a door, gate, etc. 8 . complete, end, conclude, terminate, finish. 21 . stop;
suspend. 31 . firm, solid. 32 . immediate, proximate, nearby. 40 . intent, concentrated. 41 . scrupulous, exacting, accurate, faithful. 50 . muggy, thick. 52 . taciturn, uncommunicative, reserved. 53 . penurious, miserly, tight, mean. See stingy. 66 . See end1.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
close /kləʊs/ adj
- near in space or time; in proximity
- having the parts near together; dense: a close formation
- down or near to the surface; short: a close haircut
- near in relationship: a close relative
- intimate or confidential: a close friend
- almost equal or even: a close contest
- not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standard: a close resemblance, a close translation
- careful, strict, or searching: a close study
- confined or enclosed
- shut or shut tight
- oppressive, heavy, or airless: a close atmosphere
- strictly guarded: a close prisoner
- neat or tight in fit
- secretive or reticent
- miserly; not generous, esp with money
- (of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce
- restricted as to public admission or membership
- hidden or secluded
- Also: closed restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken
Also: closed, narrow denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French clos close, enclosed, from Latin clausus shut up, from claudere to closeˈclosely adv ˈcloseness n
- closely; tightly
- near or in proximity
- close to the wind ⇒ sailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowing
See also wind1
close /kləʊz/ vb
- to put or be put in such a position as to cover an opening; shut: the door closed behind him
- (transitive) to bar, obstruct, or fill up (an entrance, a hole, etc): to close a road
- to bring the parts or edges of (a wound, etc) together or (of a wound, etc) to be brought together
- (intr; followed by on, over, etc) to take hold: his hand closed over the money
- to bring or be brought to an end; terminate
- to complete (an agreement, a deal, etc) successfully or (of an agreement, deal, etc) to be completed successfully
- to cease or cause to cease to render service: the shop closed at six
- (intransitive) to have a value at the end of a day's trading, as specified: steels closed two points down
- (transitive) archaic to enclose or shut in
See also close down
- the act of closing
- the end or conclusion: the close of the day
- /kləʊs/ Brit a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard
- /kləʊs/ Brit (capital when part of a street name) a small quiet residential road: Hillside Close
- /kləʊs/ the precincts of a cathedral or similar building
- /kləʊs/ Scot the entry from the street to a tenement building
, close inˈcloser n
'close' also found in these entries: