/kləʊs, kləʊz/

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
close /v., n. kloʊz; adj., adv. kloʊs/USA pronunciation   v., closed, clos•ing, adj., clos•er, clos•est, adv., n. 

  1. to (cause to) become shut: [no object]The door closed with a bang.[+ object]closed her eyes and slept.
  2. to stop or obstruct (a gap, etc.): [~ ( + up) + object]to close (up) a hole in the wall.[+ object ( + up)]to close it (up).
  3. to restrict passage across; prevent access to[+ object]The country closed its border to tourists.
      • [+ object] to bring together the parts of:She closed her lips.
      • [no object]Her lips closed.
  4. to (cause to) come to an end: [+ object]The chair moved to close debate.[no object]The sermon closed with a warning not to forget God's poor.
  5. to end or conclude (a business deal) successfully: [+ object]We closed a deal that was good for both our companies.[no object]They managed to close on the house they wanted.
  6. to stop giving the usual services (of): [no object]School closed for the summer.[+ object]The owners closed the store for the night.
  7. [+ object] to shut down; suspend the operation of: The police closed the bar for selling liquor to minors.
  8. Business (of a stock) to be priced at the end of a day or when stocks are traded[no object]The American Exchange closed up at an average 50 cents a share.
  9. close down, to end operation (of);
    stop: [no object]The radio station closed down at 3 a.m.[+ down + object]The owners closed down the steel mills.[+ object + down]The owners closed them down and left.
  10. close in on or upon, [+ in + on/upon + object]
      • to approach quietly and secretly, such as to capture or kill:They closed in on the wounded animal.
      • to surround, as if to suffocate:The fog closed in on us.
    close out,
      • to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale: [+ out + object]They closed out mattresses.[+ object + out]closed bedroom sets out.
      • [+ out + object] to dispose of completely; liquidate:to close out a bank account.

  1. being near in space or time;
    nearby[be + ~ ( + to + object)]Our apartment is close to the train station. Winter must be close; it's gotten colder.
  2. [often: be + ~ ( + to + object)] marked by similarity in degree, etc.: Dark pink is close to red.
  3. [before a noun] near in a kind of family relationship: He was a close relative.
  4. [before a noun] based on a strong feeling of respect, honor, or love;
    dear: She's a close friend.
  5. not differing much from (the subject talked about)[be + ~ + to + object]Your remarks are close to treason!
  6. fitting tightly: a close sweater.
  7. careful; strict;
    searching[before a noun]Close investigation revealed the accountant's error.
  8. nearly even or equal: a close contest.
  9. having the parts near to each other;
    dense: cloth with a close weave.
  10. confined;
    stuffy: It's pretty close in here;
    can't we turn on the air-conditioner?
  11. practicing secrecy;
    secretive[be + ~]They were very close about their home country.

  1. near; close by;
    closely[often: ~ + to + object]I live fairly close to the train station;
    stood close to her friend.

n. [countable;
usually singular]
  1. the act of closing.
  2. the end or conclusion:At the close of the century we expect worse global warming.
  1. Idiomsclose ranks, to join forces in a show of loyalty, esp. to deal with difficulty:It's time for us to close ranks and stay together.
  2. Idiomsclose up, from close range; in a detailed manner:When you examine this painting close up, you'll see it's not genuine.

close•ly/ˈkloʊsli/USA pronunciation  adv. 
close•ness/ˈkloʊsnɪs/USA pronunciation  n. [uncountable]
clos•er/ˈkloʊzɚ/USA pronunciation  n. [countable]See -clos-.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
close  (v. klōz;adj., adv. klōs or, for 56, klōz;
n. klōz for 66, 67, 70–72, 74, 75, klōs for 68, 69, 73),
v., closed, clos•ing, adj., clos•er, clos•est, adv., n. 

  1. to put (something) in a position to obstruct an entrance, opening, etc.;
  2. to stop or obstruct (a gap, entrance, aperture, etc.):to close a hole in a wall with plaster.
  3. to block or hinder passage across or access to:to close a border to tourists; to close the woods to picnickers.
  4. to stop or obstruct the entrances, apertures, or gaps in:He closed the crate and tied it up.
  5. (of the mind) to make imperceptive or inaccessible:to close one's mind to the opposite opinion.
  6. to bring together the parts of; join;
    unite (often fol. by up):Close up those ranks! The surgeon closed the incision.
  7. Electricity, Electronics[Elect.]to complete (an electrical circuit) by joining the circuit elements:The circuit was closed so the current could be measured.
  8. to bring to an end:to close a debate.
  9. to arrange the final details of; to conclude negotiations about:to close a deal to everyone's satisfaction.
  10. to complete or settle (a contract or transaction);
    consummate:We close the sale of the house next week.
  11. to stop rendering the customary services of:to close a store for the night.
  12. to terminate or suspend the operation of; to halt the activities of:The epidemic forced authorities to close the schools. The police closed the bar for selling liquor to minors.
  13. Nautical, Naval Terms[Naut.]to come close to:We closed the cruiser to put our injured captain on board.
  14. Metallurgy[Metalworking.]to reduce the internal diameter of (a tube or the like).
  15. [Archaic.]to shut in or surround on all sides; enclose;
    cover in:to close a bird in a cage.

  1. to become closed;
    shut:The door closed with a bang. This window is stuck and will not close tight.
  2. to come together; unite:Her lips closed firmly.
  3. to come close:His pursuers closed rapidly.
  4. to grapple; engage in close encounter (often fol. by with):We closed with the invaders shortly before sundown.
  5. to come to an end;
    terminate:The service closed with a hymn.
  6. to cease to offer the customary activities or services:The school closed for the summer.
  7. to enter into or reach an agreement, usually as a contract:The builder closed with the contractor after negotiations.
  8. (of a theatrical production) to cease to be performed:The play closed in New York yesterday and will open in Dallas next week.
  9. (of a stock, group of stocks, etc.) to be priced or show a change in price as specified at the end of a trading period:The market closed low for the fourth straight day.
  10. close down: 
      • to terminate the operation of; discontinue:to close down an air base because of budget cuts.
      • to attempt to control or eliminate:The city must close down drug traffic.
    close in on or upon: 
      • to approach so as to capture, attack, arrest, etc.:The hoodlums closed in on their victim.
      • to surround or envelop so as to entrap:a feeling that the room was closing in upon her.
    close out: 
      • to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale:That store is closing out its stock of men's clothing.
      • to liquidate or dispose of finally and completely:They closed out their interests after many years in this city.
  11. Idiomsclose ranks, to unite forces, esp. by overlooking petty differences, in order to deal with an adverse or challenging situation; to join together in a show of unity, esp. to the public:When the newspaper story broke suggesting possible corruption in the government, the politicians all closed ranks.
  12. close up: 
      • to come together in close array;
        converge:The enemy was closing up on us from both flanks.
      • to bring to an end; cease:The company is closing up its overseas operations.
      • to become silent or uncommunicative.
      • to reduce or eliminate spacing material between (units of set type).

  1. having the parts or elements near to one another:a close formation of battleships.
  2. compact; dense:a close texture;
    a close weave.
  3. being in or having proximity in space or time:The barn is so close to the house that you can hear the animals. His birthday is in May, close to mine.
  4. marked by similarity in degree, action, feeling, etc.:This dark pink is close to red. He left her close to tears.
  5. near, or near together, in kind or relationship:a flower close to a rose; a close relative.
  6. intimate or confidential;
  7. based on a strong uniting feeling of respect, honor, or love:a close circle of friends.
  8. fitting tightly:a close, clinging negligee.
  9. (of a haircut or shave, the mowing of a lawn, etc.) so executed that the hair, grass, or the like is left flush with the surface or very short.
  10. not deviating from the subject under consideration.
  11. strict; searching;
    minute:The matter requires close investigation.
  12. not deviating from a model or original:a close, literal translation.
  13. nearly even or equal:a close contest.
  14. strictly logical:close reasoning.
  15. shut; shut tight;
    not open:a close hatch.
  16. shut in;
  17. completely enclosing or surrounding:a close siege preventing all escape.
  18. without opening; with all openings covered or closed.
  19. confined;
    narrow:close quarters.
  20. lacking fresh or freely circulating air:a hot, close room.
  21. heavy; oppressive:a spell of close, sultry weather.
  22. narrowly confined, as a prisoner.
  23. practicing or keeping secrecy;
    reticent:She is so close that you can tell her all your secrets.
  24. parsimonious; stingy:He is very close with his money.
  25. scarce, as money.
  26. not open to public or general admission, competition, etc.:The entire parish participated in the close communication.
  27. (of a delimiting punctuation mark) occurring at the end of a group of words or characters that is set off, as from surrounding text:close parentheses; close quotes;
    close brackets.
    Cf. open (def. 32).
  28. Sport[Hunting, Angling.]closed (def. 8).
  29. Phonetics[Phonet.](of a vowel) articulated with a relatively small opening between the tongue and the roof of the mouth. Cf. high (def. 23),open (def. 34a).
  30. Heraldry[Heraldry.](of a bird) represented as having folded wings:an eagle close.
  31. [Archaic.]viscous; not volatile.

  1. in a close manner;
  2. near;
    close by.
  3. Heraldry[Heraldry.]immediately behind the ears, so as to show no neck:a bear's head couped close.
  4. Nautical, Naval Termsclose to the wind, [Naut.]in a direction nearly opposite to that from which the wind is coming:to sail close to the wind.
  5. close up: 
      • from close range; in a detailed manner;
      • [Naut.]fully raised;
        at the top of the halyard:an answering pennant flown close up.Cf. dip (def. 37).

  1. the act of closing.
  2. the end or conclusion:at the close of day; the close of the speech.
  3. an enclosed place or enclosure, esp. one about or beside a cathedral or other building.
  4. any piece of land held as private property.
  5. See complimentary close. 
  6. Music and Dance[Music.]cadence (def. 7).
  7. [Stock Exchange.]
      • the closing price on a stock.
      • the closing prices on an exchange market.
      • a narrow entry or alley terminating in a dead end.
      • a courtyard enclosed except for one narrow entrance.
  8. [Archaic.]a junction;
  9. [Obs.]a close encounter;
    a grapple:The fighters met in a fierce close.
  • Medieval Latin clūsa, for Latin clausa, feminine of clausus); noun, nominal and adjective, adjectival senses with voiced pronunciation, pronounced of s are presumably modern deverbal derivatives
  • Latin clausus, past participle of claudere to close (compare clause); (verb, verbal) Middle English closen, verb, verbal derivative of the adjective, adjectival (compare Old English clȳsan, beclȳsan to shut in, enclose, verb, verbal derivative of clūse bar, enclosure
  • Anglo-French, Old French
  • (noun, nominal, adjective, adjectival) Middle English clos bef. 1050
clos•a•ble, close•a•ble  (klōzə bəl), adj.  close•ly  (klōslē), 
close•ness  (klōsnis), 
2 . bar;
choke. Close, shut mean to cause something not to be open. Close suggests blocking an opening or vacant place:to close a breach in a wall.The word shut refers esp. to blocking or barring openings intended for entering and leaving:to shut a door, gate, etc.,and close can be used in this sense, too:to close a door, gate, etc. 8 . complete, end, conclude, terminate, finish. 21 . stop;
suspend. 31 . firm, solid. 32 . immediate, proximate, nearby. 40 . intent, concentrated. 41 . scrupulous, exacting, accurate, faithful. 50 . muggy, thick. 52 . taciturn, uncommunicative, reserved. 53 . penurious, miserly, tight, mean. See stingy.  66 . See end1. 

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

close /kləʊs/ adj
  1. near in space or time; in proximity
  2. having the parts near together; dense: a close formation
  3. down or near to the surface; short: a close haircut
  4. near in relationship: a close relative
  5. intimate or confidential: a close friend
  6. almost equal or even: a close contest
  7. not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standard: a close resemblance, a close translation
  8. careful, strict, or searching: a close study
  9. confined or enclosed
  10. shut or shut tight
  11. oppressive, heavy, or airless: a close atmosphere
  12. strictly guarded: a close prisoner
  13. neat or tight in fit
  14. secretive or reticent
  15. miserly; not generous, esp with money
  16. (of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce
  17. restricted as to public admission or membership
  18. hidden or secluded
  19. Also: closed restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken

  20. Also: closed, narrow denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together
  1. closely; tightly
  2. near or in proximity
  3. close to the windsailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowing
    See also wind1
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French clos close, enclosed, from Latin clausus shut up, from claudere to close

ˈclosely adv ˈcloseness n
close /kləʊz/ vb
  1. to put or be put in such a position as to cover an opening; shut: the door closed behind him
  2. (transitive) to bar, obstruct, or fill up (an entrance, a hole, etc): to close a road
  3. to bring the parts or edges of (a wound, etc) together or (of a wound, etc) to be brought together
  4. (intr; followed by on, over, etc) to take hold: his hand closed over the money
  5. to bring or be brought to an end; terminate
  6. to complete (an agreement, a deal, etc) successfully or (of an agreement, deal, etc) to be completed successfully
  7. to cease or cause to cease to render service: the shop closed at six
  8. (intransitive) to have a value at the end of a day's trading, as specified: steels closed two points down
  9. (transitive) archaic to enclose or shut in
  1. the act of closing
  2. the end or conclusion: the close of the day
  3. /kləʊs/ Brit a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard
  4. /kləʊs/ Brit (capital when part of a street name) a small quiet residential road: Hillside Close
  5. /kləʊs/ the precincts of a cathedral or similar building
  6. /kləʊs/ Scot the entry from the street to a tenement building

See also close down, close in
ˈcloser n

'close' also found in these entries:

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