close

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 /kləʊs, kləʊz/


WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2014
close /v., n. kloʊz; adj., adv. kloʊs/USA pronunciation  v.,  closed, clos•ing,adj.,  clos•er, clos•est,adv., n. 

v. 
  1. to (cause to) become shut: [no object]The door closed with a bang.[+ object]closed her eyes and slept.
  2. to stop or obstruct (a gap, etc.): [~ ( + up) + object]to close (up) a hole in the wall.[+ object ( + up)]to close it (up).
  3. [+ object] to restrict passage across; prevent access to:The country closed its border to tourists.
    • [+ object] to bring together the parts of:She closed her lips.
    • [no object]Her lips closed.
  4. to (cause to) come to an end: [+ object]The chair moved to close debate.[no object]The sermon closed with a warning not to forget God's poor.
  5. to end or conclude (a business deal) successfully: [+ object]We closed a deal that was good for both our companies.[no object]They managed to close on the house they wanted.
  6. to stop giving the usual services (of): [no object]School closed for the summer.[+ object]The owners closed the store for the night.
  7. [+ object] to shut down; suspend the operation of: The police closed the bar for selling liquor to minors.
  8. [no object] (of a stock) to be priced at the end of a day or when stocks are traded:The American Exchange closed up at an average 50 cents a share.
  9. close down, to end operation (of);
    discontinue;
    stop: [no object]The radio station closed down at 3 a.m.[+ down + object]The owners closed down the steel mills.[+ object + down]The owners closed them down and left.
  10. close in on or upon, [+ in + on/upon + object]
    • to approach quietly and secretly, such as to capture or kill:They closed in on the wounded animal.
    • to surround, as if to suffocate:The fog closed in on us.
  11. close out,
    • to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale: [+ out + object]They closed out mattresses.[+ object + out]closed bedroom sets out.
    • [+ out + object] to dispose of completely; liquidate:to close out a bank account.

adj. 
  1. [be + ~ ( + to + object)] being near in space or time;
    nearby:Our apartment is close to the train station. Winter must be close; it's gotten colder.
  2. [often: be + ~ ( + to + object)] marked by similarity in degree, etc.: Dark pink is close to red.
  3. [before a noun] near in a kind of family relationship: He was a close relative.
  4. [before a noun] based on a strong feeling of respect, honor, or love;
    intimate;
    dear: She's a close friend.
  5. [be + ~ + to + object] not differing much from (the subject talked about):Your remarks are close to treason!
  6. fitting tightly: a close sweater.
  7. [before a noun] careful; strict;
    thorough;
    searching:Close investigation revealed the accountant's error.
  8. nearly even or equal: a close contest.
  9. having the parts near to each other;
    compact;
    dense: cloth with a close weave.
  10. confined;
    narrow;
    stuffy: It's pretty close in here;
    can't we turn on the air-conditioner?
  11. [be + ~] practicing secrecy;
    secretive:They were very close about their home country.

adv. 
  1. [often: ~ + to + object] near; close by;
    closely:I live fairly close to the train station;
    stood close to her friend.

n. [countable;
usually singular]
  1. the act of closing.
  2. the end or conclusion:At the close of the century we expect worse global warming.
idiom
  1. close ranks, to join forces in a show of loyalty, esp. to deal with difficulty:It's time for us to close ranks and stay together.
  2. close up, from close range; in a detailed manner:When you examine this painting close up, you'll see it's not genuine.

close•ly/ˈkloʊsli/USA pronunciation adv. 
close•ness/ˈkloʊsnɪs/USA pronunciation n. [uncountable]
clos•er/ˈkloʊzɚ/USA pronunciation n. [countable]See -clos-.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

close /kləʊs/ adj
  1. near in space or time; in proximity
  2. having the parts near together; dense: a close formation
  3. down or near to the surface; short: a close haircut
  4. near in relationship: a close relative
  5. intimate or confidential: a close friend
  6. almost equal or even: a close contest
  7. not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standard: a close resemblance, a close translation
  8. careful, strict, or searching: a close study
  9. confined or enclosed
  10. shut or shut tight
  11. oppressive, heavy, or airless: a close atmosphere
  12. strictly guarded: a close prisoner
  13. neat or tight in fit
  14. secretive or reticent
  15. miserly; not generous, esp with money
  16. (of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce
  17. restricted as to public admission or membership
  18. hidden or secluded
  19. Also: closed restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken

  20. Also: closed, narrow denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together
adv
  1. closely; tightly
  2. near or in proximity
  3. close to the windsailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowing
    See also wind1
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French clos close, enclosed, from Latin clausus shut up, from claudere to close

ˈclosely adv ˈcloseness n
close /kləʊz/ vb
  1. to put or be put in such a position as to cover an opening; shut: the door closed behind him
  2. (transitive) to bar, obstruct, or fill up (an entrance, a hole, etc): to close a road
  3. to bring the parts or edges of (a wound, etc) together or (of a wound, etc) to be brought together
  4. (intr; followed by on, over, etc) to take hold: his hand closed over the money
  5. to bring or be brought to an end; terminate
  6. to complete (an agreement, a deal, etc) successfully or (of an agreement, deal, etc) to be completed successfully
  7. to cease or cause to cease to render service: the shop closed at six
  8. (intransitive) to have a value at the end of a day's trading, as specified: steels closed two points down
  9. (transitive) archaic to enclose or shut in
n
  1. the act of closing
  2. the end or conclusion: the close of the day
  3. /kləʊs/ Brit a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard
  4. /kləʊs/ Brit (capital when part of a street name) a small quiet residential road: Hillside Close
  5. /kləʊs/ the precincts of a cathedral or similar building
  6. /kləʊs/ Scot the entry from the street to a tenement building

See also close down, close in
ˈcloser n



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