WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
close /v., n. kloʊz; adj., adv. kloʊs/USA pronunciation
v., closed, clos•ing,adj., clos•er, clos•est,adv., n.
to (cause to) become shut: [no object]The door closed with a bang.[~ + object]closed her eyes and slept.
to stop or obstruct (a gap, etc.): [~ ( + up) + object]to close (up) a hole in the wall.[~ + object ( + up)]to close it (up).
[~ + object] to restrict passage across; prevent access to:The country closed its border to tourists.
- [~ + object] to bring together the parts of:She closed her lips.
to (cause to) come to an end: [~ + object]The chair moved to close debate.[no object]The sermon closed with a warning not to forget God's poor.
to end or conclude (a business deal) successfully: [~ + object]We closed a deal that was good for both our companies.[no object]They managed to close on the house they wanted.
to stop giving the usual services (of): [no object]School closed for the summer.[~ + object]The owners closed the store for the night.
[~ + object] to shut down; suspend the operation of: The police closed the bar for selling liquor to minors.
Business[no object] (of a stock) to be priced at the end of a day or when stocks are traded:The American Exchange closed up at an average 50 cents a share.
close down, to end operation (of);
- [no object]Her lips closed.
stop: [no object]The radio station closed down at 3 a.m.[~ + down + object]The owners closed down the steel mills.[~ + object + down]The owners closed them down and left.
close in on or upon, [~ + in + on/upon + object]
- to approach quietly and secretly, such as to capture or kill:They closed in on the wounded animal.
- to surround, as if to suffocate:The fog closed in on us.
- to reduce the price of (merchandise) for quick sale: [~ + out + object]They closed out mattresses.[~ + object + out]closed bedroom sets out.
[be + ~ ( + to + object)] being near in space or time;
- [~ + out + object] to dispose of completely; liquidate:to close out a bank account.
nearby:Our apartment is close to the train station. Winter must be close; it's gotten colder.
[often: be + ~ ( + to + object)] marked by similarity in degree, etc.: Dark pink is close to red.
[before a noun] near in a kind of family relationship: He was a close relative.
[before a noun] based on a strong feeling of respect, honor, or love;
dear: She's a close friend.
[be + ~ + to + object] not differing much from (the subject talked about):Your remarks are close to treason!
fitting tightly: a close sweater.
[before a noun] careful; strict;
searching:Close investigation revealed the accountant's error.
nearly even or equal: a close contest.
having the parts near to each other;
dense: cloth with a close weave.
stuffy: It's pretty close in here;
can't we turn on the air-conditioner?
[be + ~] practicing secrecy;
secretive:They were very close about their home country.
[often: ~ + to + object] near; close by;
closely:I live fairly close to the train station;
stood close to her friend.
the act of closing.
the end or conclusion:At the close of the century we expect worse global warming.
close•ness/ˈkloʊsnɪs/USA pronunciationn. [uncountable]
clos•er/ˈkloʊzɚ/USA pronunciationn. [countable]See -clos-.
- Idiomsclose ranks, to join forces in a show of loyalty, esp. to deal with difficulty:It's time for us to close ranks and stay together.
- Idiomsclose up, from close range; in a detailed manner:When you examine this painting close up, you'll see it's not genuine.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
close /kləʊs/ adj
- near in space or time; in proximity
- having the parts near together; dense: a close formation
- down or near to the surface; short: a close haircut
- near in relationship: a close relative
- intimate or confidential: a close friend
- almost equal or even: a close contest
- not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standard: a close resemblance, a close translation
- careful, strict, or searching: a close study
- confined or enclosed
- shut or shut tight
- oppressive, heavy, or airless: a close atmosphere
- strictly guarded: a close prisoner
- neat or tight in fit
- secretive or reticent
- miserly; not generous, esp with money
- (of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce
- restricted as to public admission or membership
- hidden or secluded
- Also: closed restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken
Also: closed, narrow denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French clos close, enclosed, from Latin clausus shut up, from claudere to closeˈclosely adv ˈcloseness n
- closely; tightly
- near or in proximity
- close to the wind ⇒ sailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowing
See also wind1
close /kləʊz/ vb
- to put or be put in such a position as to cover an opening; shut: the door closed behind him
- (transitive) to bar, obstruct, or fill up (an entrance, a hole, etc): to close a road
- to bring the parts or edges of (a wound, etc) together or (of a wound, etc) to be brought together
- (intr; followed by on, over, etc) to take hold: his hand closed over the money
- to bring or be brought to an end; terminate
- to complete (an agreement, a deal, etc) successfully or (of an agreement, deal, etc) to be completed successfully
- to cease or cause to cease to render service: the shop closed at six
- (intransitive) to have a value at the end of a day's trading, as specified: steels closed two points down
- (transitive) archaic to enclose or shut in
See also close down
- the act of closing
- the end or conclusion: the close of the day
- /kləʊs/ Brit a courtyard or quadrangle enclosed by buildings or an entry leading to such a courtyard
- /kləʊs/ Brit (capital when part of a street name) a small quiet residential road: Hillside Close
- /kləʊs/ the precincts of a cathedral or similar building
- /kləʊs/ Scot the entry from the street to a tenement building
, close inˈcloser n
'close' also found in these entries: