cold

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 [ˈkəʊld]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
cold /koʊld/USA pronunciation   adj.,  -er, -est, n., adv. 
adj. 
    1. having a relatively low temperature:The water is cold.
    2. feeling an uncomfortable lack of warmth;
      chilled:[be + ~]I'm really cold today; where's my sweater?
    3. Pathologyhaving a temperature lower than what is normal, expected, or usual:cold hands.
    4. (of food) cooked, then cooled before eaten:[before a noun]cold chicken for a sandwich.
    5. lacking in passion, enthusiasm, etc.: cold reason.
    6. not affectionate or friendly: a cold reply.
    7. lacking sensual desire;
      frigid:Her touch was cold.
    8. unconscious because of a severe blow, shock, etc.:[be + ~]He was knocked cold.
    9. See out cold below.
    10. no longer fresh;
      faint:By the time they figure out who robbed the store, the trail will be cold.
    11. Games (in games) distant from the object of search or the correct answer:[be + ~]What was your guess? "Hawaii?'' No, you're cold, the right answer was "Fiji.''

    n. 
    1. the absence of heat or warmth:[uncountable]the cold of deep space.
    2. [uncountable] the sensation produced by loss of heat from the body: The cold of the steel floor on his face woke the prisoner.
    3. cold weather:[uncountable;  the + ~]Don't stay out in the cold too long.
    4. PathologyAlso called common cold. an illness of the lungs, throat, and nose, with sneezing, coughing, etc., caused by viruses:[countable]Some people think vitamin C helps prevent colds.

    adv. 
    1. with complete knowledge and ability;
      thoroughly: He knew his speech cold.
    2. without preparation or prior notice:He walked into the interview cold.
    Idioms
    1. Idiomscatch or take (a) cold, [no object] to become afflicted with a cold.
    2. have or get cold feet, [no object] to be afraid or unwilling to do something;
      to lack courage:We got cold feet and didn't go through with our plan.
    3. leave (someone) cold, to fail to excite or interest (someone):The thought of him as governor leaves me cold.
    4. out cold, unconscious because of a severe blow:The guard was out cold when we found him.
    5. Idioms(out) in the cold, neglected;
      ignored;
      forgotten:He was left out in the cold when he lost the election.
    6. Idiomsthrow cold water on, to dampen someone's enthusiasm about:The boss threw cold water on our plans for expansion.

cold•ly, adv.: He denied me coldly when I asked for a raise.
cold•ness, n. [uncountable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
cold  (kōld),USA pronunciation adj.,  -er, -est, n., adv. 
adj. 
    1. having a relatively low temperature;
      having little or no warmth:cold water; a cold day.
    2. feeling an uncomfortable lack of warmth;
      chilled:The skaters were cold.
    3. having a temperature lower than the normal temperature of the human body:cold hands.
    4. Pathologylacking in passion, emotion, enthusiasm, ardor, etc.;
      dispassionate:cold reason.
    5. not affectionate, cordial, or friendly;
      unresponsive:a cold reply; a cold reception.
    6. lacking sensual desire:She remained cold to his advances.
    7. failing to excite feeling or interest:the cold precision of his prose.
    8. unexcitable;
      imperturbable:cold impassivity.
    9. depressing;
      dispiriting:the cold atmosphere of a hospital waiting room.
    10. unconscious because of a severe blow, shock, etc.:I knocked him cold with an uppercut.
    11. lacking the warmth of life;
      lifeless:When the doctor arrived, the body was already cold.
    12. faint;
      weak:The dogs lost the cold scent.
    13. Games(in games) distant from the object of search or the correct answer.
    14. Sport, Games[Slang.](in sports and games) not scoring or winning;
      ineffective:Cold shooting and poor rebounding were their undoing.
    15. Fine Art[Art.]
      • having cool colors, esp. muted tones tending toward grayish blue.
      • being a cool color.
    16. Thermodynamicsslow to absorb heat, as a soil containing a large amount of clay and hence retentive of moisture.
    17. Metallurgynoting or pertaining to any process involving plastic deformation of a metal at a temperature below that at which recrystallization can occur because of the strain:cold working.
    18. Sportgo cold, [Slang.](in sports and games) to become unproductive or ineffective;
      be unable to score.
    19. Idiomsin cold blood. See  blood (def. 18).
    20. Idiomsthrow cold water on, to disparage;
      disapprove of;
      dampen the enthusiasm of:They threw cold water on her hopes to take acting classes.

    n. 
    1. the relative absence of heat:Everyone suffered from the intense cold.
    2. the sensation produced by loss of heat from the body, as by contact with anything having a lower temperature than that of the body:He felt the cold of the steel door against his cheek.
    3. cold weather:He can't take the cold.
    4. Also called  common cold. a respiratory disorder characterized by sneezing, sore throat, coughing, etc., caused by an allergic reaction or by a viral, bacterial, or mixed infection.
    5. Idiomscatch or  take cold, to get or suffer from a cold:We all caught cold during that dreadful winter.
    6. Idiomsin from the cold, out of a position or condition of exile, concealment, isolation, or alienation:Since the new government promised amnesty, fugitive rebels are coming in from the cold.
    7. Idiomsleft out in the cold, neglected;
      ignored;
      forgotten:After the baby came, the young husband felt left out in the cold.Also,  out in the cold. 

    adv. 
    1. with complete competence, thoroughness, or certainty;
      absolutely:He learned his speech cold.
    2. without preparation or prior notice:She had to play the lead role cold.
    3. in an abrupt, unceremonious manner:He quit the job cold.
    4. Metallurgyat a temperature below that at which recrystallization can occur (sometimes used in combination):to cold-hammer an iron bar; The wire was drawn cold.
    coldish, adj. 
    coldly, adv. 
    coldness, n. 
    • bef. 950; Middle English; Old English cald, ceald; cognate with Gothic kalds, Old Norse kaldr, German kalt, Dutch koud; akin to Latin gel- in gelidus gelid
      • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged frigid, gelid, frozen, freezing.
        Cold, chill, chilly, cool refer to various degrees of absence of heat.
        Cold refers to temperature possibly so low as to cause suffering:cold water.Chill suggests a penetrating cold which causes shivering and numbness:There was a chill wind blowing.Chilly is a weaker word, though it also connotes shivering and discomfort:a chilly room.Cool means merely somewhat cold, not warm:cool and comfortable.All have figurative uses.
      • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged indifferent, uninvolved, cool, unconcerned, imperturbable.
      • 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged apathetic, unsympathetic, unfeeling, heartless, polite, formal, reserved, unfriendly, inimical, hostile.
      • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged uninspiring, dull.
      • 8.See corresponding entry in Unabridged calm, deliberate.
      • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged hot.
      • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged warm, emotional.
      • 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged warm.

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
blood /blʌd/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. Anatomy[uncountable] the red fluid that flows through the heart throughout the body.
  2. Zoology[uncountable] a similar fluid in other animals.
  3. something regarded as a source of energy or new life:[uncountable]The company needs new blood.
  4. bloodshed;
    slaughter:[uncountable]the blood of the battlefield.
  5. temperament;
    passion;
    emotion:[uncountable]a person of hot blood.
  6. relationship by family:[uncountable]They are related by blood.
Idioms
  1. Idioms bad blood, deep, long-lasting hatred:bad blood between the two families for decades.
  2. Idioms get or have one's blood up, to become or be enraged, emotional, etc.: Injustice of any sort always gets my blood up.
  3. Idioms in cold blood, with complete lack of feeling or mercy:shot the two young children in cold blood.
  4. Idioms make one's blood boil, to cause feelings of resentment, anger, or indignation: Such carelessness makes my blood boil.
  5. Idiomsmake one's blood run cold, to fill with great fear or terror: The dark, deserted street made her blood run cold.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
blood  (blud),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. the fluid that circulates in the principal vascular system of human beings and other vertebrates, in humans consisting of plasma in which the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are suspended.
  2. the vital principle;
    life:The excitement had got into the very blood of the nation.
  3. a person or group regarded as a source of energy, vitality, or vigor:It's time we got some new blood in this company.
  4. Physiologyone of the four elemental bodily humors of medieval physiology, regarded as causing cheerfulness.
  5. bloodshed;
    gore;
    slaughter;
    murder:to avenge the blood of his father.
  6. the juice or sap of plants:the blood of the grape.
  7. temperament;
    state of mind:a person of hot blood.
  8. physical nature of human beings:the frailty of our blood.
  9. [Chiefly Brit.]a high-spirited dandy;
    an adventuresome youth:the young bloods of Cambridge.
  10. a profligate or rake.
  11. physical and cultural extraction:It was a trait that seemed to be in their blood.
  12. royal extraction:a prince of the blood.
  13. descent from a common ancestor;
    ancestry;
    lineage:related by blood.
  14. recorded and respected ancestry;
    purebred breeding.
  15. [Slang.]a black person, esp. a man.
  16. get or  have one's blood up, to become or be enraged or impassioned:Injustice of any sort always gets my blood up.
  17. have someone's blood on one's head or  hands, to be to blame for someone's affliction or death:Though a criminal, he had no blood on his hands.
  18. in cold blood, deliberately;
    ruthlessly:The dictator, in cold blood, ordered the execution of all his political enemies.
  19. make one's blood boil, to inspire resentment, anger, or indignation:Such carelessness makes my blood boil.
  20. make one's blood run  cold, to fill with terror;
    frighten:The dark, deserted street in that unfamiliar neighborhood made her blood run cold.
  21. sweat blood. See  sweat (def. 24).
  22. taste blood, to experience a new sensation, usually a violent or destructive one, and acquire an appetite for it:Once the team had tasted blood, there was no preventing them from winning by a wide margin.

v.t. 
  1. [Hunting.]to give (hounds) a first sight or taste of blood. Cf. flesh (def. 17).
  2. to stain with blood.
bloodlike′, adj. 
  • Gmc * blōdan, an old neuter adjective, adjectival meaning "spurting'' that accompanied the lost Indo-European noun *HesHr (Hittite eshar) blood; akin to bloom1; for the meaning compare spurt and sprout
  • bef. 1000; Middle English blo(o)d, Old English blōd; cognate with Old Frisian, Old Saxon blōd, Old High German bluot (German Blut), Old Norse blōth, Gothic bloth
    • 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged kinship, stock, family.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

cold /kəʊld/ adj
  1. having relatively little warmth; of a rather low temperature: cold weather, cold hands
  2. without sufficient or proper warmth: this meal is cold
  3. lacking in affection, enthusiasm, or warmth of feeling: a cold manner
  4. not affected by emotion; objective: cold logic
  5. dead
  6. sexually unresponsive or frigid
  7. lacking in freshness: a cold scent, cold news
  8. chilling to the spirit; depressing
  9. (of a colour) having violet, blue, or green predominating; giving no sensation of warmth
  10. informal (of a seeker) far from the object of a search
  11. denoting the contacting of potential customers, voters, etc, without previously approaching them in order to establish their interest: cold mailing
  12. cold comfortlittle or no comfort
  13. leave someone coldinformal to fail to excite someone: the performance left me cold
  14. throw cold water on, pour cold water oninformal to be unenthusiastic about or discourage
n
  1. the absence of heat regarded as a positive force: the cold took away our breath
  2. the sensation caused by loss or lack of heat
  3. in the cold, out in the coldinformal neglected; ignored
  4. an acute viral infection of the upper respiratory passages characterized by discharge of watery mucus from the nose, sneezing, etc
  5. catch a coldslang to make a loss; lose one's investment
adv
  1. informal without preparation: he played his part cold
Etymology: Old English ceald; related to Old Norse kaldr, Gothic kalds, Old High German kalt; see cool

ˈcoldish adj ˈcoldly adv ˈcoldness n



'cold' also found in these entries:
Collocations: the common cold, cold [water, soup, food], have a [bad, terrible, little, slight, head] cold, more...

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