colony

Listen:
 /ˈkɒlənɪ/


For the noun: colony
Plural form: colonies

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
col•o•ny /ˈkɑləni/USA pronunciation   n.[countable]pl.  -nies. 
  1. Governmenta group of people who leave their native country to form a settlement in a new land that is to be connected with the parent nation:The colony was poor and suffered greatly.
  2. Governmentthe country or district so settled:Virginia was one of the first of the English colonies.
  3. American Historythe Colonies, the British colonies that formed the original 13 states of the United States.
  4. a group of individuals coming from the same country or having the same interests, living in a particular place:the American colony in Paris.
  5. a group of people forced to live apart from society, because of disease or criminal behavior:a leper colony; a penal colony.
  6. Ecologya group of organisms of the same kind in the same area.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
col•o•ny  (kolə nē),USA pronunciation  n., pl.  -nies. 
  1. Governmenta group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
  2. Governmentthe country or district settled or colonized:Many Western nations are former European colonies.
  3. Governmentany people or territory separated from but subject to a ruling power.
  4. American Historythe Colonies, those British colonies that formed the original 13 states of the United States: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
  5. a number of people coming from the same country, or speaking the same language, residing in a foreign country or city, or a particular section of it;
    enclave:the Polish colony in Israel; the American colony in Paris.
  6. any group of individuals having similar interests, occupations, etc., usually living in a particular locality;
    community:a colony of artists.
  7. the district, quarter, or dwellings inhabited by any such number or group:The Greek island is now an artists' colony.
  8. Microbiologyan aggregation of bacteria growing together as the descendants of a single cell.
  9. Ecologya group of organisms of the same kind living or growing in close association.
  • Latin colōnia, equivalent. to colōn(us) colonus + -ia -y3
  • Middle French)
  • Middle English colonie ( 1350–1400
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged body, band.

Col•o•ny  (kolə nē),USA pronunciation n. 
  • Place NamesThe, a city in NE Texas. 11,586.


  • Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    colony /ˈkɒlənɪ/ n ( pl -nies)
    1. a body of people who settle in a country distant from their homeland but maintain ties with it
    2. the community formed by such settlers
    3. a subject territory occupied by a settlement from the ruling state
    4. a community of people who form a national, racial, or cultural minority: an artists' colony, the American colony in London
    5. the area itself
    6. a group of the same type of animal or plant living or growing together, esp in large numbers
    7. a group of bacteria, fungi, etc, derived from one or a few spores, esp when grown on a culture medium
    Etymology: 16th Century: from Latin colōnia, from colere to cultivate, inhabit



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