WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
col•our /ˈkʌlɚ/USA pronunciation
n., adj., v. Chiefly Brit.WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
(kul′ər),USA pronunciation n., adj. v.t., v.i. [Chiefly Brit.]WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
col•or /ˈkʌlɚ/USA pronunciation
n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
adj. [before a noun]
- Optics the quality of an object that gives it a certain appearance when light is reflected by it;
hue:[uncountable]Surprisingly, color is not part of an object, because color only arises when light strikes the object and is reflected.
- the particular appearance an object seems to reflect when different wavelengths of light strike the eye:[countable]the primary colors red, blue, and yellow.
- the natural hue of the skin, esp. of the face;
complexion:[uncountable]He was discriminated against on the basis of color.
- Physical Anthropology[uncountable] skin tone other than white, as an indicator of a person's racial or ethnic group: persons of color.
- (in people with white skin) a pinkish complexion, usually indicating good health:[uncountable]Her color doesn't look good; she's too pale.
- lively, vivid, of special quality, as in a piece of writing:[uncountable]That article was written with color and flair.
- paint or something used for coloring, as dye:[countable]oil colors.
- Show Business, Sport background information, such as statistics given by a sportscaster during a broadcast:[uncountable]During the game he described the plays while she provided color about the players.
- colors, [plural]
- a colored badge or uniform worn or displayed to signify allegiance, etc.
- viewpoint or attitude;
personality:He changes his colors depending on the person he's with.
- a flag, ensign, etc., particularly a national flag.
- [uncountable] outward appearance;
guise: a lie that had the color of truth.
- Physics[uncountable]a theoretical property of the special particles called quarks.
- involving, using, or possessing color: a color TV.
- to give or apply color to;
dye:[~ + object]She colored her hair blonde.
- to cause to appear different from what is real:[~ + object]She colored her account of the incident.
- [~ + object] to give a special character to;
affect: My experiences in that country color my judgment about it.
- to take on or change color:[no object]The leaves haven't begun to color yet.
- to flush;
blush:[no object]Their faces colored whenever we talked about sex.
Also, esp. Brit., colour.
col•or•er, n. [countable]
- Idiomschange color, [no object]
- see or show someone's true colors, to see or show how someone truly is, without pretense or a false show.
- with flying colors, very successfully:She passed the tests with flying colors.
(kul′ər),USA pronunciation n.
- Opticsthe quality of an object or substance with respect to light reflected by the object, usually determined visually by measurement of hue, saturation, and brightness of the reflected light;
saturation or chroma;
- the natural appearance of the skin, esp. of the face;
complexion:She has a lovely color.
- a ruddy complexion:The wind and sun had given color to the sailor's face.
- a blush:His remarks brought the color to her face.
- vivid or distinctive quality, as of a literary work:Melville's description of a whaling voyage is full of color.
- details in description, customs, speech, habits, etc., of a place or period:The novel takes place in New Orleans and contains much local color.
- something that is used for coloring;
- Sportbackground information, as anecdotes about players or competitors or analyses of plays, strategy, or performance, given by a sportscaster to heighten interest in a sportscast.
- any distinctive color or combination or pattern of colors, esp. of a badge, ribbon, uniform, or the like, worn or displayed as a symbol of or to identify allegiance to, membership in, or sponsorship by a school, group, or organization.
- nature, viewpoint, or attitude;
personality:His behavior in a crisis revealed his true colors.
- a flag, ensign, etc., particularly the national flag.
- Military[U.S. Navy.]the ceremony of hoisting the national flag at 8 a.m. and of lowering it at sunset.
- Physical Anthropologyskin complexion of a particular people or race, esp. when other than white:a man of color.
- outward appearance or aspect;
guise or show:It was a lie, but it had the color of the truth.
- a pretext:She did it under the color of doing a good deed.
- [Painting.]the general use or effect of the pigments in a picture.
- Law[Chiefly Law.]an apparent or prima facie right or ground:to hold possession under color of title.
- Music and DanceSee tone color.
- Mineralogya trace or particle of valuable mineral, esp. gold, as shown by washing auriferous gravel.
- Physicsany of the labels red, green, or blue that designate the three states in which quarks are expected to exist, or any of the corresponding labels for antiquark states. Cf. quantum chromodynamics, quark model.
- Printingthe amount of ink used.
- Heraldrya tincture other than a fur or metal, usually including gules, azure, vert, sable, and purpure.
- call to the colors, to summon for service in the armed forces:Thousands are being called to the colors.
- Idiomschange color:
- to blush as from embarrassment.
- to turn pale, as from fear:When he saw the size of his opponent, he changed color.
- Idiomswith flying colors. See flying colors.
- involving, utilizing, yielding, or possessing color:a color TV.
- to give or apply color to;
dye:She colored her hair dark red.
- to cause to appear different from the reality:In order to influence the jury, he colored his account of what had happened.
- to give a special character or distinguishing quality to:His personal feelings color his writing.
Also,[esp. Brit.,] colour.
- to take on or change color:The ocean colored at dawn.
- to flush* blush:He colored when confronted with the incriminating evidence.
- Latin colōr- (stem of color) hue
- Anglo-French (French couleur)
- Middle English col(o)ur 1250–1300
Drugs(in prescriptions) let it be colored.
- 26.See corresponding entry in Unabridged bias, twist.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
colour, US color /ˈkʌlə/ n
- an attribute of things that results from the light they reflect, transmit, or emit in so far as this light causes a visual sensation that depends on its wavelengths
- the aspect of visual perception by which an observer recognizes this attribute
- the quality of the light producing this aspect of visual perception
Also called: chromatic colour a colour, such as red or green, that possesses hue, as opposed to achromatic colours such as white or black
- (as modifier): a colour television, a colour film
- a substance, such as a dye, pigment, or paint, that imparts colour to something
- the skin complexion of a person, esp as determined by his race
- (as modifier): colour prejudice, colour problem
- the use of all the hues in painting as distinct from composition, form, and light and shade
- the quantity and quality of ink used in a printing process
- the distinctive tone of a musical sound; timbre
- vividness, authenticity, or individuality: period colour
- semblance or pretext (esp in the phrases take on a different colour, under colour of)
- one of three characteristics of quarks, designated red, blue, or green, but having no relationship with the physical sensation
See also coloursEtymology: 13th Century: from Old French colour from Latin color tint, hue
- to give or apply colour to (something)
- (transitive) to give a convincing or plausible appearance to (something, esp to that which is spoken or recounted): to colour an alibi
- (transitive) to influence or distort (something, esp a report or opinion): anger coloured her judgment
- (intransitive) often followed by up: to become red in the face, esp when embarrassed or annoyed
'colour' also found in these entries: