come

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 /kʌm/

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For the verb: "to come"

Simple Past: came
Past Participle: come

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
come /kʌm/USA pronunciation   v., came/keɪm/USA pronunciation  come, com•ing. 
  1. to approach or move toward someone or something: [no object]Come a little closer.[+ to + verb]Can't you come to see me more often?[+ verb-ing]The tide came rushing in.
  2. [no object] to arrive by movement or through time: The train is coming; step back.
  3. to move into view;
    appear[no object]The light comes and goes.
  4. [not: be + ~-ing;
    + to + object]
    to extend;
    reach: The dress comes to her knees.
  5. to take place;
    occur;
    happen: [no object]Her trumpet solo comes in the third act.[+ to + verb]How could such a thing come to exist?
  6. [not: be + ~-ing; no object] to be available, be produced, be found, etc.: Toothpaste comes in a tube.
  7. [+ of + object] to arrive or appear as a result: This comes of carelessness.
  8. to enter, get into, or be brought into a specified state or condition: [+ into + object]The word multicultural has come into popular use.[+ to + object]The war came to an abrupt halt.
  9. [no object] to do or manage; go along or progress;
    fare: How are you coming with your term paper? How's it coming?
  10. to become or seem to become a specified way[no object]We came unglued (= overly nervous) at the thought of another exam that day.
  11. (used as a command to call attention, or to express impatience, etc.): Come, come, can't we agree on one little point here?
  12. Informal Terms[no object][Slang.]to have an orgasm.
  13. come about,
      • to come to pass;
        happen: [no object]How did such a mess come about, anyway?[it + ~ + (that) clause]It came about that he had to cancel his vacation.
      • [no object] to turn a ship or boat at an angle in the wind.
    come across or upon,
      • [+ across/upon + object] to find or encounter, esp. by chance:Look at these photos that I came across.
      • [no object] to do what one has promised or is expected to do:He finally came across and did it.See come through below.
      • [no object] to be understandable or convincing: The humor doesn't come across.
      • [+ across + as + noun/adjective] to make a particular impression: He comes across as a cold person. The teacher comes across as very cruel, but that is misleading.
  14. come again, (used as a request to repeat a statement):I didn't hear you; come again.
  15. come along, [no object]
      • to accompany a person or group:We're going to the mall; you can come along if you like.
      • to proceed or advance: The project is coming along on schedule.
      • to appear:An opportunity came along to invest in real estate.
    come around or round,
      • [no object] Also, come to. to recover consciousness; revive:The unconscious patient finally came around.
      • [+ around + to + object] to change one's opinion, etc., esp. to agree with another's:She finally came around to our point of view.
      • [no object] to stop being angry, etc.:She's mad and upset now, but I'm sure she'll come around.
      • [no object] to visit:Why don't you come around and see me some time?
  16. come apart, [no object] to break or fall into pieces:The doll just came apart when touched.
  17. come at, [+ at + object]
      • to arrive at; reach or attain:How did he come at such a sum?
      • to rush at;
        attack:came at me with a knife.
    come back,
      • [+ back ( + to + object)] to return, esp. to one's memory:I remember now; it's all coming back to me.
      • [+ back ( + to + object)] to return to a former position, place, or state:Do you have any idea when he'll come back?
      • [no object] to become fashionable or popular again:Short skirts are coming back again.
  18. come between, [+ between + object] to separate; get in the way of;
    interrupt: Nothing can come between us.
  19. come by, [+ by + object] to obtain;
    find;
    acquire:We never came by such good fortune again.
  20. come down, [no object]
      • to fall down;
        collapse:The entire building came down on them.
      • to lose wealth, rank, etc.:The senator has really come down in the world.
      • [+ down ( + to + object)] to be handed down or passed on by tradition or inheritance:This ancient song comes down to us from Norway.
      • [no object] to be relayed or passed along from a higher authority: Our orders will come down tomorrow.
      • to lead or point in a basic, important way, such as a choice or problem; be the deciding factor: [+ down + to + object]It all comes down to a sense of pride.[+ down + to + verb-ing]It all comes down to living or dying.
  21. come down on or upon, [+ down + on/upon + object] to scold or reprimand; punish:Why did you come down on her so hard?
  22. come down with, [+ down + with + object] to become sick from or afflicted with (an illness):She came down with the flu.
  23. come from, [+ from + object]
      • [not: be + ~-ing] to have been born in (a place); be a resident of (a place): He came from Greece.
      • [not: be + ~-ing] to have as a beginning or source:Pearls come from oysters.
      • [in negative expressions or in questions;
        usually: be + ~-ing + from]
        be a starting point in thinking or reasoning:I can't understand where he's coming from.
    come in, [no object]
      • to enter:The door's open; come in!
      • to arrive:The train comes in at 6:00 p.m.
      • to come into use or fashion:Long skirts have come in again.
      • to begin to produce or yield: The oil well finally came in.
      • to finish in a race or competition: Our team came in fifth.
  24. come in for, [+ in + for + object] to receive; get;
    be subjected to: He's going to come in for a lot of criticism.
  25. come into, [+ into + object]
      • to acquire;
        get:I came into a bit of money winning a wager.
      • to inherit:She came into a lot of money after her cousin died.
      • to get to be in (a state):The president's car suddenly came into view and everyone cheered.
    come off, [no object]
      • to happen; occur:The invasion came off just before dawn.
      • to reach the end;
        conclude:We want this project to come off without any delay.
      • to be effective or successful, esp. in the specified way: She didn't come off well in that interview.
  26. Come off it, (often used as a command) to stop:Come off it; we know where you were.
  27. come on,
      • [+ on/upon + object] to meet or find unexpectedly or by accident:I just happened to come on (upon) a book in the library that has the references you need.
      • [no object] (of a disease) to begin to develop:I can feel a cold coming on.
      • [no object] to make progress; develop;
        flourish:Just when the challenger was coming on in the primaries, another scandal broke.
      • [no object] to appear on stage;
        make one's entrance:He came on to thunderous applause.
      • [no object] to begin to be shown, broadcast, etc.: The game came on at one o'clock.
      • [no object] (used as a command) to hurry; move along:Come on, before it rains!
      • [no object] (used to ask someone to do something):Come on, have dinner with us.
      • [+ on ( + to + object)] Slang. to make sexual advances:He was coming on (to her) and she didn't know how to respond.
    come out, [no object]
      • to appear or be seen:Suddenly the sun came out.
      • to be published or made known; appear:The story came out in all the papers.
      • to make a debut in society, etc.
      • to appear and be available to the public:When will this new wonder drug come out?
      • to end; result;
        emerge: The lawsuit came out badly for both sides.
      • to make public acknowledgment of being homosexual.
  28. come out for (or against), [+ out + for/against + object] to state or declare one's support for (or opposition to):The president is expected to come out for the new tax bill.
  29. come out with, [+ out + with + object] to reveal by stating;
    blurt out;
    say:He came out with a ridiculous remark.
  30. come over, [+ over + object] to happen to; affect: What's come over him?
  31. come round, [no object]
      • (of a sailing vessel) to head toward the wind;
        come to.
      • to come around.
    come through,
      • [+ through + object] to endure difficulty, illness, etc., successfully:She came through the war safely.
      • [no object] to fulfill needs or meet demands:My friend will come through; he has never disappointed me before.
    come to,
      • [no object] to recover consciousness:Stand back, he's coming to.
      • [+ to + object; not: be + ~-ing] to amount to;
        total:The expenses came to $5,000 after deductions.
      • [usually: it + ~ + to + object;
        not: be + ~-ing]
        to concern:When it comes to quality this is first-rate.
      • [+ to + object; sometimes: it + ~ + to + object] to enter or be recalled in the mind;
        occur to the mind or memory:Suddenly it came to me;
        I knew her from Paris.
    come under, [+ under + object]
      • to be the responsibility of: This matter comes under the State Department.
      • to be subjected to;
        be forced to suffer:came under a lot of criticism for hiring her.
      • [not: be + ~-ing] to be placed in a certain category of:Copying your classmate's paper comes under the heading of cheating.
    come up, [no object]
      • to be mentioned or be referred to; arise: Your name came up in conversation.
      • to be presented for action or discussion: The farm bill comes up on Monday.
    come up to, [+ up + to + object]
      • to approach;
        near:She came up to the star and asked for his autograph.
      • to compare with as to quantity, excellence, etc.;
        equal:Your work just doesn't come up to our high standards.
  32. come up with, [+ up + with + object] to produce; supply:What new plan did you come up with?
  33. to come, in the future:In years to come, we hope to solve these problems.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
come  (kum), 
v., came, come, com•ing, n. 

v.i. 
  1. to approach or move toward a particular person or place:Come here. Don't come any closer!
  2. to arrive by movement or in the course of progress:The train from Boston is coming.
  3. to approach or arrive in time, in succession, etc.:Christmas comes once a year. I'll come to your question next.
  4. to move into view; appear.
  5. to extend;
    reach:The dress comes to her knees.
  6. to take place;
    occur;
    happen:Success comes to those who strive.
  7. to occur at a certain point, position, etc.:Tuesday comes after Monday. Her aria comes in the third act.
  8. to be available, produced, offered, etc.:Toothpaste comes in a tube.
  9. to occur to the mind:The idea just came to me.
  10. to befall:They promised no harm would come to us.
  11. to issue; emanate;
    be derived:Peaches come from trees. Good results do not come from careless work.
  12. to arrive or appear as a result:This comes of carelessness.
  13. to enter or be brought into a specified state or condition:to come into popular use.
  14. to do or manage; fare:She's coming along well with her work.
  15. to enter into being or existence;
    be born:The baby came at dawn.
  16. to have been a resident or to be a native of (usually fol. by from):She comes from Florida.
  17. to become:His shoes came untied.
  18. to seem to become:His fears made the menacing statues come alive. The work will come easy with a little practice.
  19. (used in the imperative to call attention or to express impatience, anger, remonstrance, etc.):Come, that will do!
  20. to germinate, as grain.
  21. [Informal.]to have an orgasm.

v.t. 
  1. British Terms[Chiefly Brit.]to do; perform;
    accomplish.
  2. [Informal.]to play the part of:to come the grande dame.
  3. come about: 
      • to come to pass;
        happen.
      • [Naut.]to tack.
    come across: 
      • Also,come upon. to find or encounter, esp. by chance:I came across this picture when I was cleaning out the attic. We suddenly came upon a deer while walking in the woods.
      • [Informal.]to make good one's promise, as to pay a debt, do what is expected, etc.:to come across with the rent.
      • to be understandable or convincing:The moral of this story doesn't come across.
      • [Informal.]to make a particular impression; comport oneself:She comes across as a very cold person.
  4. come again, (used as a request to repeat a statement).
  5. come along: 
      • to accompany someone, attend as part of a group:He didn't come along on the last trip.
      • to proceed, develop, or advance sufficiently or successfully:The new project was coming along quite smoothly.
      • to appear; emerge as a factor or possibility:Even if another job comes along this summer, I won't take it.
  6. Idiomscome and go, to occur briefly or suddenly but never for long;
    appear and disappear.
  7. come around or round: 
      • to recover consciousness;
        revive.
      • to change one's opinion, decision, etc., esp. to agree with another's.
      • to visit:Come around more often.
      • to cease being angry, hurt, etc.
    come at: 
      • to arrive at; attain.
      • to rush at;
        attack:The watchdog came at the intruder.
    come back: 
      • to return, esp. to one's memory:It all comes back to me now.
      • to return to a former position or state.
      • to talk back; retort:to come back with a witty remark.
  8. come between, to cause to be estranged or antagonized:Love of money came between the brothers.
  9. come by, to obtain; acquire:How did he ever come by so much money?
  10. come down: 
      • to lose wealth, rank, etc.;
        be reduced in circumstances or status.
      • to be handed down by tradition or inheritance.
      • to be relayed or passed along from a source of higher rank or authority:The general's orders will come down tomorrow.
      • [Slang.]to take place; happen.
      • [Slang.]to lose one's euphoria, enthusiasm, or esp. the effects of a drug high.
    come down on or upon: 
      • to voice one's opposition to:She came down on increased spending and promised to cut the budget.
      • to reprimand;
        scold:He came down on me for getting to work late.
  11. Idiomscome down on the side of, to support or favor:I want to come down on the side of truth and justice.
  12. come down with, to become afflicted with (an illness):Many people came down with the flu this year.
  13. come forward, to offer one's services; present oneself;
    volunteer:When the president called for volunteers, several members of our group came forward.
  14. come home, [Naut.]
      • (of an anchor) to begin to drag.
      • (of an object) to move when hauled upon.
    come in: 
      • to enter.
      • to arrive.
      • to come into use or fashion.
      • to begin to produce or yield:The oil well finally came in.
      • to be among the winners:His horse came in and paid 5 to 1.
      • to finish in a race or any competition, as specified:Our bobsled team came in fifth.
  15. come in for, to receive; get;
    be subjected to:This plan will no doubt come in for a great deal of criticism.
  16. come into: 
      • to acquire;
        get.
      • to inherit:He came into a large fortune at the age of 21.
    come off, [Informal.]
      • to happen; occur.
      • to reach the end;
        acquit oneself:to come off with honors.
      • to be given or completed;
        occur;
        result:Her speech came off very well.
      • to succeed; be successful:The end of the novel just doesn't come off.
  17. Idiomscome off it, [Informal.]to stop being wrong, foolish, or pretentious;
    be truthful or honest:Come off it--we know you're as poor as the rest of us.
  18. come on: 
      • Also,come upon. to meet or find unexpectedly.
      • to make progress; develop;
        flourish.
      • to appear on stage;
        make one's entrance.
      • to begin;
        appear:The last showing will be coming on in a few minutes.
      • [Informal.](used chiefly in the imperative) to hurry;
        begin:Come on, before it rains!
      • [Informal.](as an entreaty or attempt at persuasion) please:Come on, go with us to the movies.
      • [Slang.]to try to make an impression or have an effect; present oneself:She comes on a bit too strong for my taste.
      • [Slang.]to make sexual advances:a Lothario who was always coming on with the women at the office.
  19. come on to, [Slang.]to make sexual advances to.
  20. come out: 
      • to be published; appear.
      • to become known;
        be revealed.
      • to make a debut in society, the theater, etc.
      • to end;
        terminate;
        emerge:The fight came out badly, as both combatants were injured.
      • to make more or less public acknowledgment of being homosexual.
  21. come out for, to endorse or support publicly:The newspaper came out for the reelection of the mayor.
  22. come out with: 
      • to speak, esp. to confess or reveal something.
      • to make available to the public; bring out:The publisher is coming out with a revised edition of the textbook.
    come over: 
      • to happen to;
        affect:What's come over him?
      • to change sides or positions; change one's mind:He was initially against the plan, but he's come over now.
      • to visit informally:Our neighbors came over last night and we had a good chat.
    come round: 
      • See come (def. 29).
      • [Naut.](of a sailing vessel) to head toward the wind; come to.
    come through: 
      • to endure or finish successfully.
      • [Informal.]to do as expected or hoped;
        perform;
        succeed:We knew you'd come through for us.
      • [Informal.]to experience religious conversion.
    come to: 
      • to recover consciousness.
      • to amount to;
        total.
      • [Naut.]to take the way off a vessel, as by bringing her head into the wind or anchoring.
  23. Idiomscome to pass, to happen;
    occur.
  24. come under: 
      • to fit into a category or classification:This play comes under the heading of social criticism.
      • to be the province or responsibility of:This matter comes under the State Department.
    come up: 
      • to be referred to; arise:The subject kept coming up in conversation.
      • to be presented for action or discussion:The farm bill comes up for consideration next Monday.
  25. come upon. See come (defs. 25a, 45a).
  26. come up to: 
      • to approach; near:A panhandler came up to us in the street.
      • to compare with as to quantity, excellence, etc.;
        match;
        equal:This piece of work does not come up to your usual standard.
  27. come up with, to produce; supply:Can you come up with the right answer?
  28. Idiomscome what may, no matter what may happen;
    regardless of any opposition, argument, or consequences:Come what may, he will not change his mind.
  29. Slang Terms, Idiomswhere one is coming from, [Slang.]where the source of one's beliefs, attitudes, or feelings lies:It's hard to understand where your friend is coming from when he says such crazy things.

n. 
  1. Slang Terms[Slang](vulgar). semen.
Etymology:bef. 900;
Middle English comen, Old English cuman;
cognate with Dutch komen, German kommen, Gothic qiman, Old Norse koma, Latin venīre (see avenue), Greek baínein (see basis), Sanskrit gácchati (he) goes
2 . leave, depart.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

come /kʌm/ vb (comes, coming, came, come)(mainly intr)
  1. to move towards a specified person or place
  2. to arrive by movement or by making progress
  3. to become perceptible: light came into the sky
  4. to occur in the course of time: Christmas comes but once a year
  5. to happen as a result: no good will come of this
  6. to originate or be derived: good may come of evil
  7. to occur to the mind: the truth suddenly came to me
  8. to extend or reach: she comes up to my shoulder
  9. to be produced or offered: that dress comes in red only
  10. to arrive at or be brought into a particular state or condition: you will soon come to grief, the new timetable comes into effect on Monday
  11. (followed by from) to be or have been a resident or native (of): I come from London
  12. to become: your wishes will come true
  13. (tr; takes an infinitive) to be given awareness: I came to realize its enormous value
  14. slang to have an orgasm
  15. (transitive) Brit informal to play the part of: don't come the fine gentleman with me
  16. (transitive) Brit informal to cause or produce: don't come that nonsense again
  17. as…as they comethe most characteristic example of a class or type
  18. come goodinformal to recover and perform well after a bad start or setback
  19. come to lightto be revealed
  20. come to light withAustral NZ informal to find or produce
interj
  1. an exclamation expressing annoyance, irritation, etc: come now!, come come!

See also come about, come acrossEtymology: Old English cuman; related to Old Norse koma, Gothic qiman, Old High German queman to come, Sanskrit gámati he goes



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