control

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 /kənˈtrəʊl/

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
con•trol /kənˈtroʊl/USA pronunciation   v., -trolled, -trol•ling, n. 

v. [+ object]
  1. to regulate, govern, or command;
    manage:The pilot controlled the plane from the cockpit.
  2. to hold (something) in check; hold (something) back:to control one's emotions.
  3. to prevent the spread of:The firefighters worked to control the forest fire.

n. 
  1. the act or power of controlling[uncountable]Who has control over the newspaper now?
  2. [uncountable] check or restraint: My anger was under control.
  3. [countable] a person who acts as a check; controller.
  4. Mechanical Engineeringcontrols, [plural] an arrangement of devices, such as switches, for regulating or directing the operation of a machine:The controls are easy to understand and within easy reach of the driver.
idiom
  1. at the controls, in charge of;
    managing;
    directing:Is anyone at the controls at headquarters?

con•trol•la•ble,adj.: At this point the problem is still controllable.
con•trol•la•bly,adv. 
con•trol•ling,adj. [before a noun]has a controlling interest in the company.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
con•trol  (kən trōl), 
v., -trolled, -trol•ling, n. 

v.t. 
  1. to exercise restraint or direction over;
    dominate;
    command.
  2. to hold in check;
    curb:to control a horse; to control one's emotions.
  3. to test or verify (a scientific experiment) by a parallel experiment or other standard of comparison.
  4. to eliminate or prevent the flourishing or spread of:to control a forest fire.
  5. [Obs.]to check or regulate (transactions), originally by means of a duplicate register.

n. 
  1. the act or power of controlling; regulation;
    domination or command:Who's in control here?
  2. the situation of being under the regulation, domination, or command of another:The car is out of control.
  3. check or restraint:Her anger is under control.
  4. a legal or official means of regulation or restraint:to institute wage and price controls.
  5. a standard of comparison in scientific experimentation.
  6. a person who acts as a check; controller.
  7. a device for regulating and guiding a machine, as a motor or airplane.
  8. controls, a coordinated arrangement of such devices.
  9. prevention of the flourishing or spread of something undesirable:rodent control.
  10. Sport[Baseball.]the ability of a pitcher to throw the ball into the strike zone consistently:The rookie pitcher has great power but no control.
  11. Stamps[Philately.]any device printed on a postage or revenue stamp to authenticate it as a government issue or to identify it for bookkeeping purposes.
  12. a spiritual agency believed to assist a medium at a séance.
  13. the supervisor to whom an espionage agent reports when in the field.
Etymology:
  • Anglo-French contreroller to keep a duplicate account or roll, derivative of contrerolle (noun, nominal). See counter-, roll
  • late Middle English co(u)ntrollen (verb, verbal) 1425–75
con•trolla•ble, adj., n. 
con•trol′la•bili•ty, con•trolla•ble•ness, n. 
con•trolla•bly, adv. 
con•trolless, adj. 
con•trolling•ly, adv. 
1 . manage, govern, rule. 2 . restrain, bridle, constrain. 6 . management, government, reign, rule, mastery. See authority. 

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

control /kənˈtrəʊl/ vb ( -trols, -trolling, -trolled)(transitive)
  1. to command, direct, or rule
  2. to check, limit, curb, or regulate; restrain: to control one's emotions, to control a fire
  3. to regulate or operate (a machine)
  4. to verify (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment in which the variable being investigated is held constant or is compared with a standard
  5. to regulate (financial affairs)
  6. to examine and verify (financial accounts)
  7. to restrict or regulate the authorized supply of (certain substances, such as drugs)
n
  1. power to direct or determine: under control, out of control
  2. a means of regulation or restraint; curb; check: a frontier control
  3. (often plural) a device or mechanism for operating a car, aircraft, etc
  4. a standard of comparison used in a statistical analysis or scientific experiment
  5. a device that regulates the operation of a machine. A dynamic control is one that incorporates a governor so that it responds to the output of the machine it regulates
  6. (as modifier): control panel, control room
  7. an agency believed to assist the medium in a séance
  8. Also called: control mark a letter, or letter and number, printed on a sheet of postage stamps, indicating authenticity, date, and series of issue
  9. one of a number of checkpoints on a car rally, orienteering course, etc, where competitors check in and their time, performance, etc, is recorded
Etymology: 15th Century: from Old French conteroller to regulate, from contrerolle duplicate register, system of checking, from contre- counter- + rolle roll

conˈtrollable adj conˌtrollaˈbility, conˈtrollableness n conˈtrollably adv



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