crop

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 /krɒp/

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
crop /krɑp/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  cropped, crop•ping. 
n. [countable]
  1. Agriculturethe plant, or the product of a plant, produced while growing or when gathered:the wheat crop.
  2. Agriculturethe yield of such produce grown in one season;
    harvest:The winter wheat crop was the largest in years.
  3. the yield of any product in a season:the maple syrup crop.
  4. a group of persons or things appearing or occurring together: the new crop of freshmen.
  5. Anatomy, ZoologyAlso called craw. a pouch in the food passage of many birds, in which food is held for later digestion.
  6. Clothinga close cutting of something, such as the hair:a short crop of hair.

v. 
  1. to cut or bite off the top of (a plant, etc.):[+ object]sheep cropping the grass.
  2. to cut off the ends or a part of:[+ object]to crop the ears of a dog.
  3. to cut short:[+ object]to crop the hair.
  4. Photography[+ object] to trim (a photographic print or negative).
  5. crop up, [no object] to appear, esp. suddenly:As soon as we deal with one emergency, another crops up.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
crop  (krop),USA pronunciation n., v.,  cropped  or (Archaic) cropt;
crop•ping.
 

n. 
  1. Agriculturethe cultivated produce of the ground, while growing or when gathered:the wheat crop.
  2. Agriculturethe yield of such produce for a particular season.
  3. the yield of some other product in a season:the crop of diamonds.
  4. a supply produced.
  5. a collection or group of persons or things appearing or occurring together:this year's crop of students.
  6. the stock or handle of a whip.
  7. Also called  riding crop. a short riding whip consisting of a stock without a lash.
  8. Anatomy, ZoologyAlso called  craw. [Zool.]
    • a pouch in the esophagus of many birds, in which food is held for later digestion or for regurgitation to nestlings.
    • a chamber or pouch in the foregut of arthropods and annelids for holding and partly crushing food.
  9. the act of cropping.
  10. a mark produced by clipping the ears, as of cattle.
  11. Clothinga close-cropped hair style.
  12. a head of hair so cut.
  13. an entire tanned hide of an animal.
  14. Miningan outcrop of a vein or seam.

v.t. 
  1. to cut off or remove the head or top of (a plant, grass, etc.).
  2. to cut off the ends or a part of:to crop the ears of a dog.
  3. to cut short.
  4. to clip the ears, hair, etc., of.
  5. Photographyto cut off or mask the unwanted parts of (a print or negative).
  6. to cause to bear a crop or crops.
  7. to graze off (the tops of plants, grass, etc.):The sheep cropped the lawn.

v.i. 
  1. to bear or yield a crop or crops.
  2. Animal Husbandryto feed by cropping or grazing.
  3. crop out: 
    • Geologyto rise to the surface of the ground:Veins of quartz crop out in the canyon walls.
    • to become evident or visible;
      occur:A few cases of smallpox still crop out every now and then.
  4. crop up, to appear, esp. suddenly or unexpectedly:A new problem cropped up.
cropless, adj. 
  • bef. 900; Middle English, Old English: sprout, ear of corn, paunch, crown of a tree; cognate with German Kropf; see croup2
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Crop, harvest, produce, yield refer to the return in food obtained from land at the end of a season of growth.
      Crop, the term common in agricultural and commercial use, denotes the amount produced at one cutting or for one particular season:the potato crop.Harvest denotes either the time of reaping and gathering, or the gathering, or that which is gathered:the season of harvest;
      to work in a harvest;
      a ripe harvest.
      Produce esp. denotes household vegetables:Produce from the fields and gardens was taken to market.Yield emphasizes what is given by the land in return for expenditure of time and labor:There was a heavy yield of grain this year.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

crop /krɒp/ n
  1. the produce of cultivated plants, esp cereals, vegetables, and fruit
  2. the amount of such produce in any particular season
  3. the yield of some other farm produce: the lamb crop
  4. a group of products, thoughts, people, etc, appearing at one time or in one season
  5. the stock of a thonged whip
  6. short for riding crop
  7. a pouchlike expanded part of the oesophagus of birds, in which food is stored or partially digested before passing on to the gizzard
  8. a short cropped hairstyle
  9. a notch in or a piece cut out of the ear of an animal
  10. the act of cropping
vb (crops, cropping, cropped)(mainly tr)
  1. to cut (hair, grass, etc) very short
  2. to cut and collect (mature produce) from the land or plant on which it has been grown
  3. to clip part of (the ear or ears) of (an animal), esp as a means of identification
  4. (of herbivorous animals) to graze on (grass or similar vegetation)

See also crop out, crop upEtymology: Old English cropp; related to Old Norse kroppr rump, body, Old High German kropf goitre, Norwegian kröypa to bend



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