WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
cush•ion /ˈkʊʃən/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. a soft pad or bag filled with feathers, air, etc., and used to sit, lie, or lean on:dozing off on the nice soft cushions.
  2. anything similar in form or function, such as a pad to prevent excessive pressure.
  3. something that lessens the effects of hardship or distress:They intended their savings account to be their cushion if times got bad.

v. [+ object]
  1. to supply or furnish with a cushion or cushions.
  2. to lessen or soften the effects of:to cushion a blow.
cush•ion•y, adj. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
cush•ion  (kŏŏshən),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. a soft bag of cloth, leather, or rubber, filled with feathers, air, foam rubber, etc., on which to sit, kneel, or lie.
  2. anything similar in form, used to dampen shocks or to prevent excessive pressure or chafing.
  3. something to absorb or counteract a shock, jar, or jolt, as a body of air or steam.
  4. something that lessens the effects of hardship, distress, or the like:His inheritance was a cushion against unemployment.
  5. Anatomy, Zoologyany part or structure resembling a cushion.
  6. Gamesthe resilient raised rim encircling the top of a billiard table.
  7. Clothinga pad worn under the hair by women.
  8. Show Businessa portion of a radio or television script that can be adjusted in length or cut out altogether in order to end the program on time.
  9. Sport[Ice Hockey, Canadian.]the iced surface of a rink.
  10. Clothinga pillow used in lacemaking.
  11. a leather pad on which gold leaf is placed preparatory to gilding.

  1. to place on or support by a cushion.
  2. to furnish with a cushion or cushions.
  3. to cover or conceal with, or as if with, a cushion.
  4. to lessen or soften the effects of:to cushion the blow to his pride.
  5. to suppress (complaints, lamentations, etc.) by quietly ignoring.
  6. Hydraulicsto check the motion of (a piston or the like) by a cushion, as of steam.
  7. Hydraulicsto form (steam or the like) into a cushion.
cushion•less, adj. 
cushion•like′, adj. 
  • Anglo-French; Middle French coussin Latin cōx(a) hip + -īnus -ine1; see coxa
  • Middle English cuisshin 1300–50
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged pad.
      Cushion, pillow, bolster agree in being cases filled with a material more or less resilient, intended to be used as supports for the body or parts of it. A
      cushion is a soft pad used to sit, lie, or kneel on, or to lean against:cushions on a sofa; cushions on pews in a church.A
      pillow is a bag or case filled with feathers, down, or other soft material, usually to support the head:to sleep with a pillow under one's head.A
      bolster is a firm pillow, long enough to extend the width of a bed and used as head support, with or without a pillow.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged shock absorber.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

cushion /ˈkʊʃən/ n
  1. a bag made of cloth, leather, plastic, etc, filled with feathers, air, or other yielding substance, used for sitting on, leaning against, etc
  2. something resembling a cushion in function or appearance, esp one to support or pad or to absorb shock
  3. the resilient felt-covered rim of a billiard table
vb (transitive)
  1. to place on or as on a cushion
  2. to provide with cushions
  3. to lessen or suppress the effects of
  4. to protect, esp against hardship or change
  5. to provide with a means of absorbing shock
Etymology: from Latin culcita mattress

ˈcushiony adj

'cushion' also found in these entries:

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