WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
def•e•cate /ˈdɛfɪˌkeɪt/USA pronunciation   v. [no obj], -cat•ed, -cat•ing. 
  1. Physiologyto pass waste matter from the bowels through the anus out of the body.
def•e•ca•tion /ˌdɛfɪˈkeɪʃən/USA pronunciation  n. [uncountable]See -fec-.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
def•e•cate  (defi kāt′),USA pronunciation v.,  -cat•ed, -cat•ing. 
  1. Physiologyto void excrement from the bowels through the anus;
    have a bowel movement.
  2. to become clear of dregs, impurities, etc.

  1. to clear of dregs, impurities, etc.;
def′e•cation, n. 
  • Latin dēfaecātus (past participle of dēfaecāre to cleanse, refine), equivalent. to dē- de- + faec- (stem of faex dregs, sediment) + -ātus -ate1
  • 1565–75

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

defecate, defaecate /ˈdɛfɪˌkeɪt/ vb
  1. (intransitive) to discharge waste from the body through the anus
  2. (transitive) to clarify or remove impurities from (a solution, esp of sugar)
Etymology: 16th Century: from Latin dēfaecāre to cleanse from dregs, from de- + faex sediment, dregs

ˌdefeˈcation, ˌdefaeˈcation n ˈdefeˌcator, ˈdefaeˌcator n

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