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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
dou•ble /ˈdʌbəl/USA pronunciation
adj., n., v., -bled, -bling, adv. adj.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
- twice as large, heavy, strong, etc.;
twice as many in size, amount, number, extent, etc.:The workers receive double pay for working on Sundays. He ordered a double whiskey.
- made up of two similar parts or members;
paired:[before a noun]a double sink.
- Furniture suitable for two persons:[usually: before a noun]We rented a double room.
- having two meanings;
ambiguous:His comment had a double meaning.
- [usually: before a noun] hiding something dishonestly;
deceitful:He led a double life, working by day and thieving by night.
- folded in two layers.
- anything that is twice the usual size, amount, strength, etc.: [uncountable]She offered me double for the computer.[countable]He ordered a double of scotch from the bar.
- a person who exactly or closely resembles another:[countable]She is the double of her mother.
- [countable] a hotel room with two beds or a double bed, for two people.
- Show Business a substitute who performs stunts in a movie or TV show that are too hazardous for a star:[countable]a stunt double.
- Sport[countable] Also called ˈtwo-ˌbase ˈhit. a hit in baseball that allows the batter to reach second base safely.
- Sportdoubles, [uncountable; used with a singular verb] a game or match, as in tennis, in which there are two players on each side:a doubles match.
- to (cause to) become double or twice as great;
add an equal amount (of): [no object]Our taxes doubled over a one-year period.[~ + object]The landlord doubled our rent.
- to fold or bend with one part over another: [~ + object]The mother doubled the sheets and blankets to keep the baby warmer.[~ + up/over + object]She doubled over the sheets and blankets to make the baby warmer.[~ + object + up/over]She doubled them up to keep the baby warmer.
- to clench;
hold tightly:[~ + object]to double one's fists.
- to pair;
couple:[~ + object]We doubled partners and began the country dance.
- to do a second job in addition to one's primary job;
to serve in an additional capacity:[~ + as + object]The director doubles as an actor.
- Sport[no object] to hit a double in baseball.
- to double-date:[no object]We doubled last week, but this week I want to go out with her alone.
- double back, [no obj] to turn back on a course;
reverse direction:I doubled back to see if I could find the missing earring.
- double up:
- [no object] to share quarters planned for only one person or family:You can stay with us; we'll all just double up.
- Also, ˈdou•ble ˈo•ver. to (cause to) bend over, as from pain: [no object]As the next wave of pain hit, he doubled over.[~ + object + up/over]The pain doubled him up and left him gasping on the floor.[ ~ + over/up + obj]:A punch like that would double over anyone.
- to twice the amount, extent, etc.;
twofold:We paid double for that room.
- two together:to sleep double.
- Idiomsdouble or nothing, a bet in which one either wins twice as much as one has bet or gets nothing.
- Idiomson the double, without delay;
rapidly:Get up there on the double and report to the commander.
(dub′əl),USA pronunciation adj., n., v., -bled, -bling, adv. adj.
- twice as large, heavy, strong, etc.;
twofold in size, amount, number, extent, etc.:a double portion; a new house double the size of the old one.
- composed of two like parts or members;
twofold in form;
paired:double doors; a double sink.
- Furnitureof, pertaining to, or suitable for two persons:a double room.
- twofold in character, meaning, or conduct;
dual or ambiguous:a double interpretation.
- (of musical instruments) producing a tone an octave lower than the notes indicate.
- duple, as time or rhythm.
- folded in two;
having one half folded over the other.
- Furniture(of a bed or bedclothes) full-size:a double blanket.
- [Bot.](of flowers) having many more than the normal number of petals:double petunias; double hollyhocks.
- anything that is twofold in size or amount or twice the usual size, quantity, strength, etc.
- a duplicate or counterpart;
something exactly or closely resembling another:This dress is the double of that. He is the double of his cousin.
- Also called double room. a type of hotel accommodation with two beds, or sometimes a double bed, for occupancy by two persons. Cf. twin (def. 4).
- a fold or plait.
- an alcoholic drink containing twice the usual amount of alcohol.
- a sudden backward turn or bend, as of a fox on the run in fox hunting;
- a trick or artifice, as of argument in a formal debate.
- a substitute actor or singer ready to take another's place;
- [Motion Pictures, Television.]a substitute who performs feats or actions too hazardous or difficult for a star.
- [Baseball.]See two-base hit.
- [Mil.]double time.
- doubles, (used with a sing. v.) a game or match in which there are two players on each side, as in tennis.
- (in bridge or other card games)
- a challenge by an opponent that the declarer cannot fulfill the designated contract, increasing the points to be won or lost.
- a hand that warrants such a challenge.
- [Bridge.]a conventional bid informing one's partner that a player's hand is of a certain strength.
- [Bowling.]two strikes in succession:He needed a double in the tenth frame to win.
- See daily double.
- any of certain feasts in the Roman Catholic Church, marked by a doubled antiphon and taking precedence over lesser feasts.
- [Music. Rare.]a variation.
- a former coin of France, the sixth part of a sol, issued in silver in the 14th century, later made of copper.
- at the double, [Brit. Informal.]on the double.
- on the double, [Informal.]
- without delay;
rapidly:The fire engines came on the double.
- British Termsin double time, as marching troops.
- to make double or twice as great;
to add an equal amount to:The baby doubled its weight in a year.
- to bend or fold with or as with one part over another (often fol. by over, up, back, etc.):Double the edge over before sewing.
- to clench:He doubled his fists.
- to be or have twice as much as:Income doubled expenditure.
- to sail around (a projecting area of land):to double Cape Horn.
- to add a new layer of planking or ceiling to (an old wooden hull).
- to pair;
couple:The players were doubled for the tournament.
- [Music.]to reduplicate by means of a tone in another part, either at the unison or at an octave above or below.
- (in bridge and other card games)
- to challenge (the bid of an opponent) by making a call that increases the value of tricks to be won or lost.
- to challenge the bid of (an opponent):He doubled me into game.
- to cause the advance of (a base runner) by a two-base hit:He doubled him to third.
- to cause (a run) to be scored by a two-base hit (often fol. by in):He doubled in the winning run.
- to put out (a base runner) as the second out of a double play (often fol. by up).
- to become double:My money doubled in three years.
- to bend or fold (often fol. by up or over):to double over with pain.
- to turn back on a course or reverse direction (often fol. by back):He doubled back by another road and surprised us.
- [Mil.]to march at the double-time pace.
- to serve in two capacities or in an additional capacity:She doubles as producer and director.
- to act as a double in a play, motion picture, or the like.
- [Music.]to play an instrument besides one's regular instrument (usually followed by on):The saxophonist doubles on drums.
- (in bridge and other card games) to double the bid of an opponent.
- [Baseball.]to make a two-base hit.
- to double-date.
- double in brass, [Informal.]to serve in two capacities;
be able to do work different from one's own:It is a small firm, and everyone doubles in brass when emergencies arise.
- double or nothing, a bet having as its outcome either the doubling of a previous loss or debt or the canceling of that loss or debt. Also, double or quits.
- double up:
- to share quarters planned for only one person or family:Because of the room shortage, we had to double up.
- to bend over, as from pain:He doubled up in agony.
- to twice the amount, number, extent, etc.;
- two together:There are only a few beds, so some of the children will have to sleep double for the night.
- Latin duplus, equivalent. to du(o) two + -plus -fold
- Old French
- Middle English 1175–1225
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
double /ˈdʌbəl/ adj (usually prenominal)
- as much again in size, strength, number, etc: a double portion
- composed of two equal or similar parts; in a pair; twofold: a double egg cup
- designed for two users: a double room
- folded in two; composed of two layers: double paper
- stooping; bent over
- having two aspects or existing in two different ways; ambiguous: a double meaning
- false, deceitful, or hypocritical: a double life
- (of flowers) having more than the normal number of petals
- (of an instrument) sounding an octave lower than the pitch indicated by the notation: a double bass
- (of time) duple, usually accompanied by the direction alla breve
- twice over; twofold
- two together; two at a time (esp in the phrase see double)
- twice the number, amount, size, etc
- a double measure of spirits, such as whisky or brandy
- a duplicate or counterpart, esp a person who closely resembles another; understudy
- a wraith or ghostly apparition that is the exact counterpart of a living person; doppelgänger
- a sharp turn, esp a return on one's own tracks
- a call that increases certain scoring points if the last preceding bid becomes the contract
- a strike in which the object ball is struck so as to make it rebound against the cushion to an opposite pocket
- a bet on two horses in different races in which any winnings from the horse in the first race are placed on the horse in the later race
- the narrow outermost ring on a dartboard
- a hit on this ring
- at the double, on the double ⇒ at twice normal marching speed
- quickly or immediately
See also double back
- to make or become twice as much
- to bend or fold (material, a bandage, etc)
- (transitive) sometimes followed by up: to clench (a fist)
- (tr; often followed by together or up) to join or couple: he doubled up the team
- (transitive) to repeat exactly; copy
- (intransitive) to play two parts or serve two roles
- to sail around (a headland or other point)
- to duplicate (a voice or instrumental part) either in unison or at the octave above or below it
- (intransitive) usually followed by on: to be capable of performing (upon an instrument additional to one's normal one): the third trumpeter doubles on cornet
- to make a call that will double certain scoring points if the preceding bid becomes the contract
- to cause (a ball) to rebound or (of a ball) to rebound from a cushion across or up or down the table
- (intransitive) followed by for: to act as substitute (for an actor or actress)
- (intransitive) to go or march at twice the normal speed
, double upEtymology: 13th Century: from Old French, from Latin duplus twofold, from duo two + -plus -foldˈdoubler n
'double negatives' also found in these entries: