WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
down1 /daʊn/USA pronunciation
from higher to lower;
toward or into a lower position or level:Tell him to come down.
on or to the ground, floor, or the like:to fall down.
to or in a sitting or lying position:Sit down next to her.
to an area or district considered lower from a geographical standpoint, esp. southward:We drove down to San Diego from Los Angeles.
to a lower value, level, or rate:Slow down.
to a lesser pitch or volume:Turn down the radio.
in or to a calmer or less active state:The wind died down.
from an earlier to a later time:the history of the church from the Middle Ages down to the present.
from a greater to a lesser strength, amount, etc.:to water down a drink.
earnestly:to get down to work.
on paper:Write this down.
in cash at the time of purchase:$50 down and $20 a month thereafter.
to the point of defeat or submission:shouted down the opposition.
to the source or actual position:to track someone down.
into a condition of ill health:He came down with the flu.
in or into a lower status or condition:He was kept down by lack of education.
in a descending direction on or along; in a place moved farther away than:They ran off down the street.
[before a noun] directed downward;
going down:Take the down escalator on the left.
[be/seem + ~] sad; gloomy;
depressed:You seem pretty down today.
[be + ~] sick and in bed:He's down with a bad cold.
Sport[be + ~] behind an opponent or opponents in points:We're down by twenty points.
[be + ~] having lost the amount indicated, esp. at gambling:After that last race I'm only down $10.
finished or taken care of:Five down and one to go.
[be + ~] out of order:The computer is down again.
a turn for the worse; reverse:It was another down for the company already in debt.
Sport[countable][Football.]one of a series of four plays during which a team must advance the ball at least 10 yd. (9 m) to keep possession of it:On that last series of downs the team moved the ball well.
v. [~ + object]
to knock, throw, or bring down:He downed his opponent with a quick right to the jaw.
to drink down, esp. quickly:I downed the vodka in one gulp.
Informal Termsto defeat in a game or contest:The Rangers downed the Flyers 2-0 last night.
(used as a command or warning) get down:Down in front, please (= Please sit down in front, so people behind you can see).
down2 /daʊn/USA pronunciation
Clothingthe short, soft feathers of some birds, used for filling in clothing for warmth.
Botanyfine, soft, short hair, such as on plants.
adj. [before a noun]
Clothingfilled with down:a down jacket.
Idiomsdown cold or pat, learned perfectly:He always has his facts down cold before he argues with anyone.
Idiomsdown in the mouth, discouraged; sad;
depressed:He looks down in the mouth today.
down on, [~ + object] hostile to:Most of the party's regular members are down on his candidacy.
Idiomsdown with, [~ + object] (used in a command or a wish, without a subject) to remove from power or do away with:Down with the king!
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
down /daʊn/ prep
- used to indicate movement from a higher to a lower position: they went down the mountain
- at a lower or further level or position on, in, or along: he ran down the street
- downwards; at or to a lower level or position: don't fall down
- (particle) used with many verbs when the result of the verb's action is to lower or destroy its object: pull down, knock down, bring down
- (particle) used with several verbs to indicate intensity or completion: calm down
- immediately: cash down
- on paper: write this down
- arranged; scheduled: the meeting is down for next week
- in a helpless position: they had him down on the ground
- away from a more important place: down from London
- away from a more northerly place: down from Scotland
- (of a member of some British universities) away from the university; on vacation
- in a particular part of a country: down south
- (of a helm) having the rudder to windward
- reduced to a state of lack or want: down to the last pound
- lacking a specified amount: at the end of the day the cashier was ten pounds down
- lower in price: bacon is down
- including all intermediate terms, grades, people, etc: from managing director down to tea-lady
- from an earlier to a later time: the heirloom was handed down
- to a finer or more concentrated state: to grind down, boil down
- being a specified number of points, goals, etc behind another competitor, team, etc: six goals down
- (of a person) being inactive, owing to illness: down with flu
- (functioning as imperative) (to dogs): down Rover!
- down with ⇒ (functioning as imperative) wanting the end of somebody or something: down with the king!
- get down on something ⇒ Austral NZ to procure something, esp in advance of needs or in anticipation of someone else
- (postpositive) depressed or miserable
- (prenominal) of or relating to a train or trains from a more important place or one regarded as higher: the down line
- (postpositive) (of a device, machine, etc, esp a computer) temporarily out of action
- made in cash: a down payment
- down to ⇒ the responsibility or fault of: this defeat was down to me
- (transitive) to knock, push or pull down
- (transitive) informal to drink, esp quickly: he downed three gins
- (transitive) to bring (someone) down, esp by tackling
Etymology: Old English dūne, short for adūne, variant of of dūne, literally: from the hill, from of, off + dūn hill; see down3
- one of a maximum of four consecutive attempts by one team to advance the ball a total of at least ten yards
- a descent; downward movement
- a lowering or a poor period (esp in the phrase ups and downs)
- have a down on ⇒ informal to bear ill will towards (someone or something)
down /daʊn/ n
Etymology: 14th Century: of Scandinavian origin; related to Old Norse dūnn
- the soft fine feathers with free barbs that cover the body of a bird and prevent loss of heat. In the adult they lie beneath and between the contour feathers
- another name for eiderdown
- a fine coating of soft hairs, as on certain leaves, fruits, and seeds
- any growth or coating of soft fine hair, such as that on the human face
down /daʊn/ n
Etymology: Old English dūn; related to Old Frisian dūne, Old Saxon dūna hill, Old Irish dūn fortress, Greek this sandbank; see dune, town
- archaic a hill, esp a sand dune
See also downs
Down /daʊn/ n
- a district of SE Northern Ireland, in Co Down. Pop: 65 195 (2003 est). Area: 649 sq km (250 sq miles)
- a historical county of SE Northern Ireland, on the Irish Sea: generally hilly, rising to the Mountains of Mourne: in 1973 it was replaced for administrative purposes by the districts of Ards, Banbridge, Castlereagh, Down, Newry and Mourne, North Down, and part of Lisburn. Area: 2466 sq km (952 sq miles)
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