Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

down /daʊn/ prep
  1. used to indicate movement from a higher to a lower position: they went down the mountain
  2. at a lower or further level or position on, in, or along: he ran down the street
adv
  1. downwards; at or to a lower level or position: don't fall down
  2. (particle) used with many verbs when the result of the verb's action is to lower or destroy its object: pull down, knock down, bring down
  3. (particle) used with several verbs to indicate intensity or completion: calm down
  4. immediately: cash down
  5. on paper: write this down
  6. arranged; scheduled: the meeting is down for next week
  7. in a helpless position: they had him down on the ground
  8. away from a more important place: down from London
  9. away from a more northerly place: down from Scotland
  10. (of a member of some British universities) away from the university; on vacation
  11. in a particular part of a country: down south
  12. (of a helm) having the rudder to windward
  13. reduced to a state of lack or want: down to the last pound
  14. lacking a specified amount: at the end of the day the cashier was ten pounds down
  15. lower in price: bacon is down
  16. including all intermediate terms, grades, people, etc: from managing director down to tea-lady
  17. from an earlier to a later time: the heirloom was handed down
  18. to a finer or more concentrated state: to grind down, boil down
  19. being a specified number of points, goals, etc behind another competitor, team, etc: six goals down
  20. (of a person) being inactive, owing to illness: down with flu
  21. (functioning as imperative) (to dogs): down Rover!
  22. down with ⇒ (functioning as imperative) wanting the end of somebody or something: down with the king!
  23. get down on somethingAustral NZ to procure something, esp in advance of needs or in anticipation of someone else
adj
  1. (postpositive) depressed or miserable
  2. (prenominal) of or relating to a train or trains from a more important place or one regarded as higher: the down line
  3. (postpositive) (of a device, machine, etc, esp a computer) temporarily out of action
  4. made in cash: a down payment
  5. down tothe responsibility or fault of: this defeat was down to me
vb
  1. (transitive) to knock, push or pull down
  2. (transitive) informal to drink, esp quickly: he downed three gins
  3. (transitive) to bring (someone) down, esp by tackling
n
  1. one of a maximum of four consecutive attempts by one team to advance the ball a total of at least ten yards
  2. a descent; downward movement
  3. a lowering or a poor period (esp in the phrase ups and downs)
  4. have a down oninformal to bear ill will towards (someone or something)
Etymology: Old English dūne, short for adūne, variant of of dūne, literally: from the hill, from of, off + dūn hill; see down3
down /daʊn/ n
  1. the soft fine feathers with free barbs that cover the body of a bird and prevent loss of heat. In the adult they lie beneath and between the contour feathers
  2. another name for eiderdown
  3. a fine coating of soft hairs, as on certain leaves, fruits, and seeds
  4. any growth or coating of soft fine hair, such as that on the human face
Etymology: 14th Century: of Scandinavian origin; related to Old Norse dūnn
down /daʊn/ n
  1. archaic a hill, esp a sand dune
    See also downs
Etymology: Old English dūn; related to Old Frisian dūne, Old Saxon dūna hill, Old Irish dūn fortress, Greek this sandbank; see dune, town



Down /daʊn/ n
  1. a district of SE Northern Ireland, in Co Down. Pop: 65 195 (2003 est). Area: 649 sq km (250 sq miles)
  2. a historical county of SE Northern Ireland, on the Irish Sea: generally hilly, rising to the Mountains of Mourne: in 1973 it was replaced for administrative purposes by the districts of Ards, Banbridge, Castlereagh, Down, Newry and Mourne, North Down, and part of Lisburn. Area: 2466 sq km (952 sq miles)



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