WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
drain /dreɪn/USA pronunciation
v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
- to empty by drawing off liquid: [~ + object]to drain a swamp.[~ + object (+ of + object)]Drain the wound (of blood) before you apply the bandage.[no object]The crankcase has to drain before you put on the new filter.
- to empty by drinking:[~ + object]He drained his glass in one huge swallow.
- to use up the resources of:[~ + object (+ of + object ) ]He drained his parents of every cent they had.
- a pipe or other device that allows a liquid to drain:The drains are probably clogged.
- something that causes a large outflow or depletion:These constant doctor bills are a drain on our finances.
drain•er, n. [countable]
- Idiomsgo down the drain, to become without profit;
be wasted:All my work went down the drain because I didn't have time to finish.
(drān),USA pronunciation v.t.
- to withdraw or draw off (a liquid) gradually;
remove slowly or by degrees, as by filtration:to drain oil from a crankcase.
- to withdraw liquid gradually from;
make empty or dry by drawing off liquid:to drain a crankcase.
- to exhaust the resources of:to drain the treasury.
- to deprive of strength;
- to flow off gradually.
- to become empty or dry by the gradual flowing off of liquid or moisture:This land drains into the Mississippi.
- something, as a pipe or conduit, by which a liquid drains.
- Surgerya material or appliance for maintaining the opening of a wound to permit free exit of fluids.
- gradual or continuous outflow, withdrawal, or expenditure.
- something that causes a large or continuous outflow, expenditure, or depletion:Medical expenses were a major drain on his bank account.
- an act of draining.
- [Physical Geog.]
- Geographyan artificial watercourse, as a ditch or trench.
- Geographya natural watercourse modified to increase its flow of water.
- Idiomsgo down the drain:
- to become worthless or profitless.
- to go out of existence;
- bef. 1000; Middle English dreynen, Old English drēhnian, drēahnian to strain, filter; akin to dry
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
drain /dreɪn/ n
- a pipe or channel that carries off water, sewage, etc
- an instance or cause of continuous diminution in resources or energy; depletion
- a device, such as a tube, for insertion into a wound, incision, or bodily cavity to drain off pus, etc
- down the drain ⇒ wasted
Etymology: Old English drēahnian; related to Old Norse drangr dry wood; see dry
- (transitive) often followed by off: to draw off or remove (liquid) from: to drain water from vegetables, to drain vegetables
- (intransitive) often followed by away: to flow (away) or filter (off)
- (intransitive) to dry or be emptied as a result of liquid running off or flowing away: leave the dishes to drain
- (transitive) to drink the entire contents of (a glass, cup, etc)
- (transitive) to consume or make constant demands on (resources, energy, etc); exhaust; sap
- (intransitive) to disappear or leave, esp gradually: the colour drained from his face
- (transitive) (of a river, etc) to carry off the surface water from (an area)
- (intransitive) (of an area) to discharge its surface water into rivers, streams, etc
'drained' also found in these entries: