drive

Listen:
 /draɪv/


For the verb: "to drive"

Simple Past: drove
Past Participle: driven

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
drive /draɪv/USA pronunciation   v.,  drove/droʊv/USA pronunciation  driv•en/ˈdrɪvən/USA pronunciation  driv•ing, n. 
v. 
  1. to send or cause to move by force: [+ away + object]to drive away the flies.[+ object + away]to drive the flies away.
  2. to cause and guide the movement of (a vehicle, etc.);
    to operate: [+ object]He learned to drive a car at the age of fifteen; drove cattle on the range.[no object]Where did you learn how to drive like that?
  3. to (cause to) go or be carried in a vehicle: [+ object]Let me drive you home.[no object]We drive to the beach.
  4. to force to work, do, or act;
    compel;
    urge: [+ object]He drove the workers until they collapsed.[+ object + to + verb]Pride drove him to finish the work on time.
  5. to carry (business, etc.) vigorously through:[+ object]to drive a hard bargain.
  6. Mechanical Engineering to keep (machinery) going:[+ object]The engine drives the propellers.
  7. Sport to hit, propel, or kick (a ball, etc.) with much force:[+ object]The batter drove the next pitch over the fence.
  8. to move (something) forward, as by hitting or striking:[+ object]He drove the nail through the wood with a hammer.
  9. to strive vigorously toward a goal or objective:[no object]He kept driving to the top.
  10. to go before an impelling force:[no object]The ship drove before the wind.
  11. to rush or dash violently:[no object]The rain was driving in our faces.
  12. drive at, [+ at + object] to intend to convey (a meaning):I don't understand you; just what are you driving at?
  13. drive off, to push or send back;
    repel;
    stop an attack of: [+ off + object]We managed to drive off the next attack.[+ object + off]Somehow we drove them off.

n. 
  1. [countable] the act of driving.
  2. a trip in a vehicle, esp. for pleasure:[countable]Let's take a drive upstate.
  3. [countable] a road for vehicles, such as to a private house.
  4. an act of forcing along, such as of cattle:[countable]an old West cattle drive.
  5. Animal Behavior an inner urge directed toward satisfying a basic, instinctive need:[countable]one's hunger drive.
  6. a vigorous action or course that heads toward a goal or objective:[countable]her drive for the presidency.
  7. Military[countable] a strong military offensive.
  8. a united effort to accomplish some specific purpose, such as for a charity:[countable]We're having a charity drive.
  9. energy and initiative;
    motivation:[uncountable]That student had a lot of drive.
  10. the power or energy to push a car forward:[uncountable]front-wheel drive.
  11. Sport an act or instance of driving a ball, puck, shuttlecock, or the like:[countable]hit a deep drive over the fence for a home run.
Idioms
  1. drive home, to make (something) understood: [+ home + object]I tried to drive home the importance of hard work.[+ object + home]I tried to drive the point home that we could not afford college.

driv•ing, adj.: We plowed through the driving rain.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
drive  (drīv),USA pronunciation v.,  drove  or (Archaic) drave, driv•en, driv•ing, n., adj. 
v.t. 
  1. to send, expel, or otherwise cause to move by force or compulsion:to drive away the flies;to drive back an attacking army;to drive a person to desperation.
  2. to cause and guide the movement of (a vehicle, an animal, etc.):to drive a car; to drive a mule.
  3. to convey in a vehicle:She drove them to the station.
  4. to force to work or act:He drove the workers until they collapsed.
  5. to impel;
    constrain;
    urge;
    compel.
  6. to carry (business, an agreement, etc.) vigorously through:He drove a hard bargain.
  7. Mechanical Engineeringto keep (machinery) going.
  8. Sport[Baseball.]
    • to cause the advance of (a base runner) by a base hit or sacrifice fly:He drove him home with a scratch single.
    • to cause (a run) to be scored by a base hit or sacrifice fly:He drove in two runs.
  9. Sport[Golf.]to hit (a golf ball), esp. from the tee, as with a driver or driving iron:She drove the ball within ten feet of the pin.
  10. Sport
    • to hit or propel (a ball, puck, shuttlecock, etc.) very hard.
    • to kick (a ball) with much force.
  11. Sport[Hunting.]
    • to chase (game).
    • to search (a district) for game.
  12. to float (logs) down a river or stream.
  13. Mining(in mining, construction, etc.) to excavate (a mine or tunnel heading).

v.i. 
  1. to cause and guide the movement of a vehicle or animal, esp. to operate an automobile.
  2. to go or travel in a driven vehicle:He drives to work with me.
  3. Sport[Golf.]to hit a golf ball, esp. from the tee, as with a driver or driving iron:He drove long and straight throughout the match.
  4. to strive vigorously toward a goal or objective;
    to work, play, or try wholeheartedly and with determination.
  5. to go along before an impelling force;
    be impelled:The ship drove before the wind.
  6. to rush or dash violently.
  7. drive at, to attempt or intend to convey;
    allude to;
    suggest:What are you driving at?
  8. Idiomslet drive, to aim a blow or missile at;
    attack:He let drive at his pursuers.

n. 
  1. the act of driving.
  2. a trip in a vehicle, esp. a short pleasure trip:a Sunday drive in the country.
  3. an impelling along, as of game, cattle, or floating logs, in a particular direction.
  4. the animals, logs, etc., thus driven.
  5. Animal Behavior[Psychol.]an inner urge that stimulates activity or inhibition;
    a basic or instinctive need:the hunger drive; sex drive.
  6. a vigorous onset or onward course toward a goal or objective:the drive toward the goal line.
  7. Militarya strong military offensive.
  8. a united effort to accomplish some specific purpose, esp. to raise money, as for a charity.
  9. energy and initiative:a person with great drive.
  10. vigorous pressure or effort, as in business.
  11. a road for vehicles, esp. a scenic one, as in or along a park, or a short one, as an approach to a house.
  12. Mechanical Engineering[Mach.]a driving mechanism, as of an automobile:gear drive; chain drive.
  13. Automotivethe point or points of power application to the roadway:front-wheel drive; four-wheel drive.
  14. Sport
    • an act or instance of driving a ball, puck, shuttlecock, or the like.
    • the flight of such a ball, puck, shuttlecock, or the like, that has been driven with much force.
  15. Sport[Golf.]a shot, esp. with a driver or driving iron from the tee, that is intended to carry a great distance.
  16. Sporta hunt in which game is driven toward stationary hunters.
  17. Electronicsexcitation (def. 5).

adj. 
  1. Mechanical Engineeringnoting or pertaining to a part of a machine or vehicle used for its propulsion.
driva•ble, drivea•ble, adj. 
  • bef. 900; Middle English drīven, Old English drīfan; cognate with Dutch drijven, Old Norse drīfa, Gothic dreiban, German treiben
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged push, force.
    • 2, 15.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Drive, ride are used interchangeably to mean traveling in an automobile or, formerly, in a horse-drawn vehicle. These two words are not synonyms in other connections. To
      drive is to maneuver, guide, or steer the progress of a vehicle, animal, etc.:to drive a bus, a horse.To
      ride is to be carried about by an animal or be carried as a passenger in a vehicle:to ride a horse, a train, a bus.
    • 30.See corresponding entry in Unabridged push;
      ambition, motivation.

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
wall /wɔl/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. Building, Architecturea vertical, upright structure used to form part of a shelter, to divide an area into rooms, or to protect.
  2. something not physical that is like a wall in that it forms a barrier between people or keeps people apart:a wall of silence between them.

v. 
  1. to enclose, separate, form a border around, or surround with or as if with a wall: [+ object]to wall a town.[+ off + object]The workers walled off the area with bricks.[+ object + off]to wall it off with bricks.
  2. to seal or fill (an opening) with a wall: [~ (+ up) + object]to wall up a hole.[+ object (+ up)]to wall a hole up.
Idioms
  1. Idioms, Slang Termsclimb the walls, [Informal.]to be overly excited, nervous, worried, or frantic.
  2. Idiomsdrive or  push to the wall, [drive/push + object + to + the + ~] to force into a desperate situation.
  3. drive or  send up the wall, [drive/send + object + up + the + ~][Informal.]to push into a state of frantic frustration:She drove her father up the wall staying out late on dates.
  4. Idiomsgo to the wall: 
    • to be defeated;
      give in;
      yield.
    • to fail in business;
      be forced into bankruptcy.
    • to risk one's own position to defend or protect another.
  5. Idioms, Slang Termsoff the wall, [Slang.]
    • very strange;
      bizarre:That idea is completely off the wall.

walled, adj. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
wall  (wôl),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Building, Architectureany of various permanent upright constructions having a length much greater than the thickness and presenting a continuous surface except where pierced by doors, windows, etc.: used for shelter, protection, or privacy, or to subdivide interior space, to support floors, roofs, or the like, to retain earth, to fence in an area, etc.
  2. MilitaryUsually,  walls. a rampart raised for defensive purposes.
  3. an immaterial or intangible barrier, obstruction, etc., suggesting a wall:a wall of prejudice.
  4. a wall-like, enclosing part, thing, mass, etc.:a wall of fire; a wall of troops.
  5. Civil Engineeringan embankment to prevent flooding, as a levee or sea wall.
  6. Place Names, World Historythe Wall. See  Berlin Wall. 
  7. the outermost film or layer of structural material protecting, surrounding, and defining the physical limits of an object:the wall of a blood cell.
  8. Mining
    • Miningthe side of a level or drift.
    • Miningthe overhanging or underlying side of a vein;
      a hanging wall or footwall.
  9. Slang Termsclimb the walls or  climb walls, to become tense or frantic:climbing the walls with boredom.
  10. drive or  push to the wall, to force into a desperate situation;
    humiliate or ruin completely:Not content with merely winning the match, they used every opportunity to push the inferior team to the wall.
  11. Slang Termsgo over the wall, to break out of prison:Roadblocks have been set up in an effort to capture several convicts who went over the wall.
  12. go to the wall: 
    • to be defeated in a conflict or competition;
      yield.
    • to fail in business, esp. to become bankrupt.
    • to be put aside or forgotten.
    • to take an extreme and determined position or measure:I'd go to the wall to stop him from resigning.
  13. Medicine, Sporthit the wall, (of long-distance runners) to reach a point in a race, usually after 20 miles, when the body's fuels are virtually depleted and willpower becomes crucial to be able to finish.
  14. Slang Termsoff the wall: 
    • beyond the realm of acceptability or reasonableness:The figure you quoted for doing the work is off the wall.
    • markedly out of the ordinary;
      eccentric;
      bizarre:Some of the clothes in the fashion show were too off the wall for the average customer.
  15. up against the wall: 
    • placed against a wall to be executed by a firing squad.
    • in a crucial or critical position, esp. one in which defeat or failure seems imminent:Unless sales improve next month, the company will be up against the wall.
  16. Slang Termsup the wall, into an acutely frantic, frustrated, or irritated state:The constant tension in the office is driving everyone up the wall.

adj. 
  1. of or pertaining to a wall:wall space.
  2. growing against or on a wall:wall plants; wall cress.
  3. situated, placed, or installed in or on a wall:wall oven; a wall safe.

v.t. 
  1. to enclose, shut off, divide, protect, border, etc., with or as if with a wall (often fol. by in or off):to wall the yard;to wall in the play area;He is walled in by lack of opportunity.
  2. to seal or fill (a doorway or other opening) with a wall:to wall an unused entrance.
  3. to seal or entomb (something or someone) within a wall (usually fol. by up):The workmen had walled up the cat quite by mistake.
wall-less, adj. 
wall-like′, adj. 
  • Latin vallum palisade, derivative of vallus stake, post; see wale1; (verb, verbal) Middle English, derivative of the noun, nominal
  • bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English; Old English w(e)all
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged battlement, breastwork, bulwark, barrier, bastion.
    • 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged dike.
    • 22.See corresponding entry in Unabridged immure.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

drive /draɪv/ vb (drives, driving, drove /drəʊv/, driven /ˈdrɪvən/)
  1. to push, propel, or be pushed or propelled
  2. to control and guide the movement of (a vehicle, draught animal, etc): to drive a car
  3. (transitive) to compel or urge to work or act, esp excessively
  4. (transitive) to goad or force into a specified attitude or state: work drove him to despair
  5. (transitive) to cause (an object) to make or form (a hole, crack, etc)
  6. to move or cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force
  7. to hit (a ball) very hard and straight, as (in cricket) with the bat swinging more or less vertically
  8. to strike (the ball) with a driver, as in teeing off
  9. (transitive) to chase (game) from cover into more open ground
  10. to search (an area) for game
  11. to transport or be transported in a driven vehicle
  12. (intransitive) to rush or dash violently, esp against an obstacle or solid object
  13. (transitive) to carry through or transact with vigour (esp in the phrase drive a hard bargain)
  14. (transitive) to force (a component) into or out of its location by means of blows or a press
  15. (transitive) to excavate horizontally
  16. (transitive) NZ to fell (a tree or trees) by the impact of another felled tree
  17. drive hometo cause to penetrate to the fullest extent
  18. to make clear by special emphasis
n
  1. the act of driving
  2. a trip or journey in a driven vehicle
  3. a road for vehicles, esp a private road leading to a house
  4. (capital when part of a street name): Woodland Drive
  5. vigorous or urgent pressure, as in business
  6. a united effort, esp directed towards a common goal: a charity drive
  7. Brit a large gathering of persons to play cards, etc
    See whist drive
  8. energy, ambition, or initiative
  9. a motive or interest, such as sex, hunger, or ambition, that actuates an organism to attain a goal
  10. a sustained and powerful military offensive
  11. the means by which force, torque, motion, or power is transmitted in a mechanism: fluid drive
  12. (as modifier): a drive shaft
  13. a hard straight shot or stroke
  14. a search for and chasing of game towards waiting guns
  15. the signal applied to the input of an amplifier
Etymology: Old English drīfan; related to Old Frisian drīva, Old Norse drīfa, Gothic dreiban, Old High German trīban

ˈdrivable, ˈdriveable adj



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