enlighten

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 [ɪnˈlaɪtən]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
en•light•en /ɛnˈlaɪtən/USA pronunciation   v. [+ object]
  1. to give intellectual understanding or knowledge to;
    instruct:to enlighten students.
en•light•en•ment, n. [uncountable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
en•light•en  (en lītn),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. to give intellectual or spiritual light to;
    instruct;
    impart knowledge to:We hope the results of our research will enlighten our colleagues.
  2. [Archaic.]to shed light upon.
en•lightened•ly, adv. 
en•lightened•ness, n. 
en•lighten•er, n. 
en•lighten•ing•ly, adv. 
  • Middle English enli(g)htenen. See en-1, lighten1 1350–1400
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged illumine, edify, teach, inform.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged mystify, confuse, perplex, puzzle.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

enlighten /ɪnˈlaɪtən/ vb (transitive)
  1. to give information or understanding to; instruct; edify
  2. to free from ignorance, prejudice, or superstition
  3. to give spiritual or religious revelation to
  4. poetic to shed light on

enˈlightening adj



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