exercise

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 /ˈɛksəˌsaɪz/

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
ex•er•cise /ˈɛksɚˌsaɪz/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  -cised, -cis•ing. 
n. 
  1. activity or exertion, esp. for the sake of practice, training, or improvement:[uncountable]aerobic exercise.
  2. something done or performed as a means of practice or training:[countable]dancing exercises.
  3. a putting into action, use, or effect:[uncountable]the exercise of caution when driving.
  4. [countable] a written composition, musical piece, or artistic work done for practice or learning.

v. 
  1. to (cause to) go through exercises: [+ object]They exercised their muscles.[no object]We exercised for a full hour.
  2. to put into action, practice, or use:[+ object]They exercised their right to vote.
ex•er•cis•er, n.  [countable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
ex•er•cise  (eksər sīz′),USA pronunciation n., v.,  -cised, -cis•ing. 
n. 
  1. bodily or mental exertion, esp. for the sake of training or improvement of health:Walking is good exercise.
  2. something done or performed as a means of practice or training:exercises for the piano.
  3. a putting into action, use, operation, or effect:the exercise of caution.
  4. a written composition, musical piece, or artistic work executed for practice or to illustrate a particular aspect of technique.
  5. Often,  exercises. a traditional ceremony:graduation exercises.
  6. Religiona religious observance or service.

v.t. 
  1. to put through exercises, or forms of practice or exertion, designed to train, develop, condition, or the like:to exercise a horse.
  2. to put (faculties, rights, etc.) into action, practice, or use:to exercise freedom of speech.
  3. to use or display in one's action or procedure:to exercise judgment.
  4. to make use of (one's privileges, powers, etc.):to exercise one's constitutional rights.
  5. to discharge (a function);
    perform:to exercise the duties of one's office.
  6. to have as an effect:to exercise an influence on someone.
  7. to worry;
    make uneasy;
    annoy:to be much exercised about one's health.

v.i. 
  1. to go through exercises;
    take bodily exercise.
exer•cis′a•ble, adj. 
  • Latin exercitium, equivalent. to exercit(us) past participle of exercēre to train (ex- ex-1 + -ercit-, stem of combining form of arcēre to restrain) + -ium noun, nominal suffix
  • Middle French exercice
  • Middle English (noun, nominal) 1300–50
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged activity;
      calisthenics, gymnastics.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Exercise, drill, practice refer to activities undertaken for training in some skill.
      Exercise is the most general term and may be either physical or mental:an exercise in arithmetic.Drill is disciplined repetition of set exercises, often performed in a group, directed by a leader:military drill.Practice is repeated or methodical exercise:Even great musicians require constant practice.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged employment, application, practice, performance.
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged ritual.
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged discipline, drill, school.
    • 9.See corresponding entry in Unabridged employ, apply, exert, practice.
    • 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged try, trouble.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged inaction.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

exercise /ˈɛksəˌsaɪz/ vb (mainly tr)
  1. to put into use; employ: to exercise tact
  2. (intransitive) to take exercise or perform exercises; exert one's muscles, etc, esp in order to keep fit
  3. to practise using in order to develop or train: to exercise one's voice
  4. to perform or make proper use of: to exercise one's rights
  5. to bring to bear; exert: to exercise one's influence
  6. (often passive) to occupy the attentions of, esp so as to worry or vex: to be exercised about a decision
  7. to carry out or cause to carry out, manoeuvres, simulated combat operations, etc
n
  1. physical exertion, esp for the purpose of development, training, or keeping fit
  2. mental or other activity or practice, esp in order to develop a skill
  3. a set of movements, questions, tasks, etc, designed to train, improve, or test one's ability in a particular field: piano exercises
  4. a performance or work of art done as practice or to demonstrate a technique
  5. the performance of a function; discharge: the exercise of one's rights, the object of the exercise is to win
  6. (sometimes plural) a manoeuvre or simulated combat operation carried out for training and evaluation
  7. (usually plural) US Canadian a ceremony or formal routine, esp at a school or college: opening exercises, graduation exercises
  8. a particular type of event, such as performing on the horizontal bar
Etymology: 14th Century: from Old French exercice, from Latin exercitium, from exercēre to drill, from ex-1 + arcēre to ward off

ˈexerˌcisable adj



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