forfeit

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 [ˈfɔːrfɪt]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
for•feit /ˈfɔrfɪt/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. an act of forfeiting.

v. 
  1. to (cause to) lose or become liable to lose, because of a failure to do something: [+ object]She forfeited the match by refusing to play.[no object]had to forfeit because she couldn't continue the match.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
for•feit  (fôrfit),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. a fine;
    penalty.
  2. an act of forfeiting;
    forfeiture.
  3. something to which the right is lost, as for commission of a crime or misdeed, neglect of duty, or violation of a contract.
  4. Gamesan article deposited in a game because of a mistake and redeemable by a fine or penalty.
  5. Gamesforfeits, (used with a sing. v.) a game in which such articles are taken from the players.

v.t. 
  1. to subject to seizure as a forfeit.
  2. to lose or become liable to lose, as in consequence of crime, fault, or breach of engagement.

adj. 
  1. lost or subject to loss by forfeiture.
forfeit•a•ble, adj. 
forfeit•er, n. 
  • Medieval Latin forīs factum penalty, past participle of forīs facere to transgress, equivalent. to Latin forīs outside, wrongly + facere to make, do
  • Old French (past participle of forfaire to commit crime, to lose possession or right through a criminal act)
  • Middle English forfet 1250–1300
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged surrender, yield, relinquish, forgo, waive.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

forfeit /ˈfɔːfɪt/ n
  1. something lost or given up as a penalty for a fault, mistake, etc
  2. the act of losing or surrendering something in this manner
  3. something confiscated as a penalty for an offence, breach of contract, etc
  4. (sometimes plural) a game in which a player has to give up an object, perform a specified action, etc, if he commits a fault
  5. an object so given up
vb
  1. (transitive) to lose or be liable to lose in consequence of a mistake, fault, etc
  2. (transitive) to confiscate as punishment
adj
  1. surrendered or liable to be surrendered as a penalty
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French forfet offence, from forfaire to commit a crime, from Medieval Latin foris facere to act outside (what is lawful), from Latin foris outside + facere to do

ˈforfeiter n



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