freeze

Listen:
 [ˈfriːz]


For the verb: "to freeze"

Simple Past: froze
Past Participle: frozen

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
freeze /friz/USA pronunciation   v.,  froze/froʊz/USA pronunciation  fro•zen/ˈfroʊzən/USA pronunciation  freez•ing, n. 
v. 
  1. Physicsto (cause to) become hardened into ice or into a solid body: [no object]Salt water freezes at a lower temperature than fresh water.[+ object]The cold will freeze the pond.
  2. Physicsto (cause to) become hard with cold: [no object]The meat will freeze in a few hours.[+ object]will freeze the meat solid.
  3. to (cause to) suffer the effects or sensation of intense cold: [no object]We froze until the heat came on.[+ object]Those cold winter nights froze us.
  4. Physics to be of the degree of cold at which water freezes:[no object]It may freeze tonight if the temperature drops.
  5. to lose warmth of feeling: [no object]My heart froze when I heard the news.[+ object]The news froze my heart.
  6. to become speechless or immobilized, as through fear:[no object]When he got up in front of the huge audience he froze.
  7. to (cause to) stop suddenly and remain motionless: [no object]I froze when I heard the sound.[+ object]The snap of a twig behind him froze him in his tracks.
  8. to (cause to) become blocked or obstructed by the formation of ice: [no object]The water pipes froze.[+ object]The cold froze the pipes.
  9. [no object] to work or function badly because of cold: [no object]The engine froze during the night and wouldn't start.
  10. to (cause to) become fixed or stuck to something by or as if by the action of frost: [no object]The sled froze to the sidewalk.[+ object]The wiper was frozen to the windshield.
  11. to become unfriendly or secretive:[no object;  ~ (+ up)]She froze up when we questioned her.
  12. Government to fix (rents, prices, etc.) at a specific amount, usually by government order:[+ object]Why is it that wages are frozen while prices rise?
  13. Government to stop or limit production or use of:[+ object]an agreement to freeze nuclear weapons.
  14. Business to prevent (assets) from being sold or collected:[+ object]The government froze their accounts.
  15. freeze over, [no object] to become coated with ice:The highway froze over.

n. [countable;  usually singular]
  1. an act or instance of freezing;
    the state of being frozen.
  2. Meteorologya period of very cold weather:A freeze set in.
  3. Governmenta legislative action to control prices, rents, production, etc.:imposed a wage freeze.
  4. Governmenta decision by one or more nations to stop or limit production or development of weapons:calling for a freeze on nuclear weapons.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
freeze  (frēz),USA pronunciation v.,  froze, fro•zen, freez•ing, n. 
v.i. 
  1. Physicsto become hardened into ice or into a solid body;
    change from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.
  2. Physicsto become hard or stiffened because of loss of heat, as objects containing moisture:Meat will freeze in a few hours.
  3. to suffer the effects of intense cold;
    have the sensation of extreme cold:We sat there freezing until the heat came on.
  4. Physicsto be of the degree of cold at which water freezes:It may freeze tonight.
  5. to lose warmth of feeling;
    be stunned or chilled with fear, shock, etc.:My heart froze when she told me the news.
  6. to become immobilized through fear, shock, etc.:When he got in front of the audience he froze.
  7. to stop suddenly and remain motionless;
    halt:I froze in my tracks.
  8. to become obstructed by the formation of ice, as pipes:Our basement water pipes often freeze in winter.
  9. to die or be injured because of frost or cold.
  10. Building(of a screw, nail, or the like) to become rigidly fixed in place, as from rust or dirt.
  11. to become fixed to something by or as if by the action of frost.
  12. to become unfriendly, secretive, or aloof (often fol. by up):He froze at such a personal question.
  13. to become temporarily inoperable;
    cease to function (often fol. by up):The new software made my computer freeze.

v.t. 
  1. Physicsto harden into ice;
    change from a fluid to a solid form by loss of heat;
    congeal.
  2. Physicsto form ice on the surface of (a river, pond, etc.).
  3. to harden or stiffen (an object containing moisture) by cold.
  4. to quick-freeze.
  5. to subject to freezing temperature;
    place in a freezer or in the freezing compartment of a refrigerator.
  6. to cause to suffer the effects of intense cold;
    produce the sensation of extreme cold in.
  7. to cause to lose warmth as if by cold;
    chill with fear;
    dampen the enthusiasm of.
  8. to cause (a person or animal) to become fixed through fright, alarm, shock, etc.:Terror froze him to the steering wheel.
  9. to kill by frost or cold:A late snow froze the buds.
  10. to fix fast with ice:a sled frozen to a sidewalk.
  11. to obstruct or close (a pipe or the like) by the formation of ice:The storm had frozen the hydrant.
  12. Governmentto fix (rents, prices, etc.) at a specific amount, usually by government order.
  13. Governmentto stop or limit production, use, or development of:an agreement to freeze nuclear weapons.
  14. Business[Finance.]to render impossible of liquidation or collection:Bank loans are frozen in business depressions.
  15. Surgeryto render part of the body insensitive to pain or slower in its function by artificial means.
  16. Games[Cards.]
    • [Canasta.]to play a wild card on (the discard pile) so as to make it frozen.
    • [Poker.]to eliminate (other players) in a game of freezeout.
  17. Photographyto photograph (a moving subject) at a shutter speed fast enough to produce an unblurred, seemingly motionless image.
  18. Cinema, Show Business[Motion Pictures.]to stop by means of a freeze-frame mechanism:You can freeze the action at any point.
  19. Sportto maintain possession of (a ball or puck) for as long as possible, usually without trying to score, thereby reducing the opponent's opportunities for scoring.
  20. Sport[Ice Hockey.]to hold (a puck) against the boards with the skates or stick, causing play to stop and forcing a face-off.
  21. Informal Termsfreeze on or  onto, to adhere closely to;
    hold on;
    seize.
  22. freeze out, to exclude or compel (somebody) to withdraw from membership, acceptance, a position of influence or advantage, etc., by cold treatment or severe competition.
  23. freeze over, to coat or become coated with ice:The lake freezes over for several months each year.

n. 
  1. the act of freezing;
    state of being frozen.
  2. MeteorologyAlso called  ice-up. a widespread occurrence of temperatures below 32°F (0°C) persisting for at least several days:A freeze is expected in the coastal areas.
  3. a frost.
  4. Governmenta legislative action, esp. in time of national emergency, to control prices, rents, production, etc.:The government put a freeze on new construction.
  5. Governmenta decision by one or more nations to stop or limit production or development of weapons, esp. nuclear weapons.
freeza•ble, adj. 
freez′a•bili•ty, n. 
  • bef. 1000; (verb, verbal) Middle English fresen, Old English frēosan; cognate with Middle Low German vrēsen, Old Norse frjōsa, Old High German friosan (German frieren); (noun, nominal) late Middle English frese, derivative of the verb, verbal


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

freeze /friːz/ vb (freezes, freezing, froze /frəʊz/, frozen /ˈfrəʊzən/)
  1. to change (a liquid) into a solid as a result of a reduction in temperature, or (of a liquid) to solidify in this way, esp to convert or be converted into ice
  2. when intr, sometimes followed by over or up: to cover, clog, or harden with ice, or become so covered, clogged, or hardened: the lake froze over last week
  3. to fix fast or become fixed (to something) because of the action of frost
  4. (transitive) to preserve (food) by subjection to extreme cold, as in a freezer
  5. to feel or cause to feel the sensation or effects of extreme cold
  6. to die or cause to die of frost or extreme cold
  7. to become or cause to become paralysed, fixed, or motionless, esp through fear, shock, etc
  8. (transitive) to cause (moving film) to stop at a particular frame
  9. to make or become formal, haughty, etc, in manner
  10. (transitive) to fix (prices, incomes, etc) at a particular level, usually by government direction
  11. (transitive) to forbid by law the exchange, liquidation, or collection of (loans, assets, etc)
  12. (transitive) to stop (a process) at a particular stage of development
  13. (intransitive) followed by onto: informal chiefly US to cling
n
  1. the act of freezing or state of being frozen
  2. a spell of temperatures below freezing point, usually over a wide area
  3. the fixing of incomes, prices, etc, by legislation
sentence substitute
  1. chiefly US a command to stop still instantly or risk being shot
Etymology: Old English frēosan; related to Old Norse frjōsa, Old High German friosan, Latin prūrīre to itch; see frost

ˈfreezable adj



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