- a set of two or more grammatical categories into which the nouns of certain languages are divided, sometimes but not necessarily corresponding to the sex of the referent when animate
- any of the categories, such as masculine, feminine, neuter, or common, within such a set
- informal the state of being male, female, or neuter
- informal all the members of one sex: the female gender
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
- [uncountable] a set of grammatical categories applied to nouns, membership in a particular category being shown by the form of the noun itself or the choice of words that refer to or modify it:Gender is often correlated in part with sex or animateness, as in the choice ofhe to replace the man, she to replace the woman, or it to replace the table. Gender is sometimes assigned without regard to the meaning of the noun, as in French le livre (masculine) "the book'' or German das Mädchen (neuter) "the girl.''
- [countable] one of the categories in such a set, as masculine, feminine, neuter, or common:By some classifications, Swahili has as many as eleven genders or noun classes.
- (in many languages) a set of classes that together include all nouns, membership in a particular class being shown by the form of the noun itself or by the form or choice of words that modify, replace, or otherwise refer to the noun, as, in English, the choice of he to replace the man, of she to replace the woman, of it to replace the table, of it or she to replace the ship. The number of genders in different languages varies from 2 to more than 20;
often the classification correlates in part with sex or animateness. The most familiar sets of genders are of three classes (as masculine, feminine, and neuter in Latin and German) or of two (as common and neuter in Dutch, or masculine and feminine in French and Spanish).
- one class of such a set.
- such classes or sets collectively or in general.
- membership of a word or grammatical form, or an inflectional form showing membership, in such a class.
- Latin gener- (stem of genus) kind, sort
- Middle French gendre, genre
- Middle English 1300–50
gen•der2 ( jen′dər),
- [Archaic.]to engender.
- [Obs.]to breed.
- Latin generāre to beget, derivative of genus gender1, genus1
- Middle French gendrer
- Middle English gendren, genderen 1300–50