gin

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
gin1 /dʒɪn/USA pronunciation   n. 

    Winea clear, colorless alcoholic liquor distilled with juniper berries and other flavorings: [uncountable]bought some gin.[countable]bought a gin and tonic.

gin4 /dʒɪn/USA pronunciation   n. [uncountable]
  1. GamesAlso called gin rummy. a card game, a variety of rummy for two players.
  2. Gamesa hand in this game in which the cards are matched in sets, winning extra points.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
gin1  (jin), 
n. 
  1. Winean alcoholic liquor obtained by distilling grain mash with juniper berries.
  2. Winean alcoholic liquor similar to this, made by redistilling spirits with flavoring agents, esp. juniper berries, orange peel, angelica root, etc.
Etymology:
  • shortened from geneva 1705–15

gin2  (jin), 
n., v., ginned, gin•ning. 

n. 
  • TextilesSee cotton gin. 
  • a trap or snare for game.
  • Mechanical Engineeringany of various machines employing simple tackle or windlass mechanisms for hoisting.
  • Mechanical Engineeringa stationary prime mover having a drive shaft rotated by horizontal beams pulled by horses walking in a circle.

  • v.t. 
  • Textilesto clear (cotton) of seeds with a gin.
  • to snare (game).
  • Etymology:
    • Middle English gyn, aphetic variant of Old French engin engine 1150–1200
    ginner, n. 

    gin3  (gin), 
    v.i., v.t., gan, gun, gin•ning. [Archaic.]

      to begin.
    Etymology:
    • Middle English ginnen, Old English ginnan, aphetic variant of onginnan, beginnen to begin 1150–1200

    gin4  (jin), 
    n., v., ginned, gin•ning. [Cards.]

    n. 
  • GamesAlso called gin rummy. a variety of rummy for two players, in which a player with 10 or fewer points in unmatched cards can end the game by laying down the hand.
  • Gamesthe winning of such a game by laying down a full set of matched cards, earning the winner a bonus of 20 or 25 points.

  • v.i. 
  • Gamesto win a game in gin by laying down a hand in which all 10 cards are included in sets.
  • Etymology:
    • perh. special use of gin1 1955–60

    gin5  (gin), 
    conj. [Chiefly Scot. and Southern Appalachian.]

      Dialect Terms, Scottish Termsif;
      whether.
    Etymology:1665–75;
    variously explained as sense development of gien given (see gie, -en3);
    as contraction of gif if + an2 (compare iffen);
    or as aphetic form of again

    gin6  (jin), 
    n. [Australian Informal.]
    1. British Termsa female Aborigine.
    2. British Termsan Aboriginal wife.
    Also,jin. 
    Etymology:
    • Dharuk di-yin
    • 1820–30


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    gin /dʒɪn/ n
    1. an alcoholic drink obtained by distillation and rectification of the grain of malted barley, rye, or maize, flavoured with juniper berries
    Etymology: 18th Century: shortened from Dutch genever juniper, via Old French from Latin jūniperus juniper
    gin /dʒɪn/ n
    1. a primitive engine in which a vertical shaft is turned by horses driving a horizontal beam or yoke in a circle
    2. Also called: cotton gin a machine of this type used for separating seeds from raw cotton
    3. a trap for catching small mammals, consisting of a noose of thin strong wire
    vb (gins, ginning, ginned)(transitive)
    1. to free (cotton) of seeds with a gin
    2. to trap or snare (game) with a gin
    Etymology: 13th Century gyn, shortened from engine
    gin /ɡɪn/ vb (gins, ginning, gan, gun)
    1. an archaic word for begin
    gin /dʒɪn/ n
    1. Austral offensive slang an Aboriginal woman
    Etymology: 19th Century: from a native Australian language



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