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got & gotten


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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
got /gɑt/USA pronunciation v. 
  1. a pt. and pp. of get.get
  2. [+ object][Informal.]have got;
    have:I got a bad cold.

auxiliary verb. [+ to + verb]
  • Informal Terms[Informal.]must; have got:We got to get out of here.

  • WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
    get /gɛt/USA pronunciation v., got/gɑt/USA pronunciationorgot•ten/ˈgɑtən/USA pronunciationget•ting,n. 

    v. 
  • [+ object] to receive or come to have possession, use, or enjoyment of:She got a lovely gift for her birthday.
  • [+ object] to cause to be in one's possession or be available for one's use:I need to get some information.
  • [+ object] to earn:I'm sure he gets fifty thousand a year.
  • [+ object + object] to go after, take hold of, and bring (something) for oneself or another; fetch:Please get me a cup of coffee.
  • to (cause to) become, to do, to move, etc., as mentioned: [+ object]We couldn't get the car into the garage.[+ object + verb-ed/-en]We couldn't get the car started.[+ verb-ed/-en]He couldn't get started on his work.[+ object + verb-ing]We finally got the car going.[+ verb-ing]I find it hard to get going in the morning.[+ object + to + verb]We finally got the logs to burn.[+ object + adjective]That gets me pretty angry.[no object]She'd like to get away for a while.[+ adjective]I get tired at night.
  • [+ object] to catch (a disease or sickness) or feel the bad effects of:got malaria in the tropics; I got a headache from the noise.
  • [+ object] to communicate with over a distance;
    reach:to get someone on the telephone.
  • [+ object] to hear or hear clearly:I'm afraid I didn't get your last name.
  • [not: be + ~-ing; ~ + object] to understand or comprehend:I didn't get the joke.
  • [+ object] to capture;
    seize:Get him before he escapes!
  • [+ object] to receive as a punishment or sentence:The thief got a year in jail.
  • [+ object + to + verb] to influence or persuade:We'll get him to go with us.
  • [+ object] to prepare; make ready:to get dinner.
  • [+ object] to hit, strike, wound, or kill:The bullet got him in the leg.
  • Informal Terms[+ object] to get revenge against:I'll get you yet!
  • [+ one's] to receive (one's fair reward or punishment):Someday soon they'll get theirs.
  • Informal Terms[+ (to + ) object] to puzzle; annoy;
    hurt:Their nasty remarks get (to) me sometimes.
  • [no object] to come to a specified place;
    arrive;
    reach:to get home late.
  • [+ to + verb] to succeed in something:She gets to meet a lot of interesting people.
  • [+ verb-ed/-en] The verb get may be used as an auxiliary verb (like be) and be followed by a past participle to form the passive; it means almost the same as "become'':She got married when she was twenty-five.
  • get about, [no object]
    • to move around physically from one place to another:He found it hard to get about after his leg injury.
    • to become known, as a rumor:Soon the news got about.
    • to circulate:She gets about a lot in her job as regional director.
  • get across, to (cause to) be or become clearly understood: [+ object + across]I tried to get my message across.[no object]The message got across.
  • get ahead, [no object] to be successful, as in business or society:She wants to get ahead in her job.
  • get along, [no object]
    • to go away; leave:We must get along now;
      see you soon.
    • [+ along (+ with/without ) ] to survive or continue to go on:I can't get along without her.
    • [+ along (+ with ) ] to be on good terms; agree:He couldn't get along with his in-laws.
    get around: 
    • [+ around + object] to overcome;
      circumvent;
      outwit:found a way to get around the law.
    • [no object] to travel from place to place; circulate:I don't get around much anymore.
    get at, [+ at + object]
    • to reach;
      touch:I can't get at that book on the shelf.
    • to suggest; hint at:What are you getting at—do you think he's guilty?
    • to discover;
      determine:to get at the root of the mystery.
    get away, [no object]
    • to escape; flee:The thieves got away.
    • to start out;
      leave:Can you get away from the office by five o'clock?
  • get away with, [+ object] to do something without punishment:She got away with a lot of mistakes.
  • get back: 
    • [no object] to come back; return:We got back home in June.
    • to recover;
      regain: [+ object + back]We got most of our money back.[+ back + object]We got back most of our money.
    • [+ back + at + object] to punish another for harm or injury done to oneself; get revenge on:Someday she'll get back at him for taking her money.
    get by: 
    • to get beyond;
      pass: [no object]I need to get by; please move a little.[+ object]She couldn't get by us.
    • to escape the notice (of): [no object]Somehow these errors got by.[+ by + object]These errors got by our accountants.
    • [no object] to survive or manage to live or continue:couldn't get by on that low salary.
    get down: 
    • to bring or come down; (cause to) descend: [no object]The plane got down to about 500 feet.[+ object + down]The pilot got the plane down safely.
    • [no object] to concentrate; attend:Get down to work.
    • [+ object + down] to cause to be depressed:This cloudy weather gets me down.
    • [+ object + down] to swallow:couldn't get any food down.
    get in: 
    • [no object] to enter:The thieves got in through the window.
    • [no object] to arrive at a destination:The plane got in at noon.
    • [+ in + with + object] to enter into close association:She got in with a bad crowd.
    get off: 
    • [+ off + object] to dismount from or get out of:The passengers got off the plane.
    • to (cause to) begin a journey: [no object]We got off a few hours late.[+ object + off]I got the kids off to school.
    • to (help someone to) escape punishment, esp. by providing legal assistance: [no object]He got off with a very light sentence.[+ object + off]The lawyer got his client off.
    • [no object] to finish, as one's workday:We get off at five o'clock.
  • get off on, [+ off + on + object][Slang.]to enjoy:gets off on baseball games.
  • get on: 
    • [no object] to make progress; proceed;
      advance:How are you getting on with your work?
    • to continue:Let's get on with the trial, please.
    • [be + ~-ing + on] to advance in age:He is getting on in years.
    get out: 
    • to (cause to) leave or be removed: [no object]Get out of this room.[+ object + out]Get them out of this room.
    • to (cause to) become publicly known: [+ out + object]He got out the story to the papers.[+ object + out]He got the news out.[no object]How did the news get out so fast?
    • to withdraw, leave, or retire: [+ of + object]He got out of the stock market before the collapse.[no object]We'll get out before the stock market collapses.
    • to produce or complete: [+ out + object]We can get out a thousand papers each day.[+ object + out]We can get a thousand papers out each day.
    get over: 
    • [+ over + object] to recover from:to get over an illness.
    • [+ object + over] to get across:I need to get my points over more convincingly.
    • [+ over + object] to overcome:I got over that problem.
    get through: 
    • [+ object] to finish:I hope I can get through all this work.
    • [no object] to reach someone, as by telephone:I tried calling you, but I couldn't get through.
    • [~ ( + to + object)] to make oneself clearly understood:Am I getting through (to you)?
    • [+ object] to endure or survive:They managed to get through the worst of the winter.
    get to, [+ object]
    • to get in touch or into communication with; contact:I'll get to you by morning.
    • to make an impression on;
      affect emotionally:That sad movie really got to me.
    • to begin:Let's get to work.
    get together: 
    • to (cause to) congregate, meet, or gather together: [no object]We got together at the church.[+ object + together]The minister got them together for a meeting.[+ together + object]got together the best minds in the nation.
    • [no object] to come to an accord; agree:I'm sure we can get together on a price.
    • put together;
      organize: [+ object + together]He got a very good report together.[+ together + object]He got together a good report.
    get up: 
    • to (cause to) sit up or stand; arise: [no object]The child got up from the floor.[+ object + up]Get her up and bring her to the car.
    • to (cause to) rise from bed: [+ object + up]The radio got me up at six o'clock.[no object]I was so tired I couldn't get up on time.
    • [+ object] to ascend or mount:We got up the mountain quickly.
    • [+ object] to draw upon; rouse:He got up his courage.

    n. [countable]
  • Sporta return of a ball, as in tennis, that would normally have resulted in a point for the opponent.
  • idiom
      get it: 
      • to be punished or reprimanded:You're going to get it if you're late.
      • to understand or grasp something:You just don't get it, do you?
    1. Idiomsget nowhere, to make no progress despite much action and effort.
    2. Idiomsget off someone's back or case, [Slang.]to stop nagging or criticizing someone.
    3. Idiomshas or have got, [+ to + verb] must:He's got to see a doctor right away.



    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    got /ɡɒt/ vb
    1. the past tense and past participle of get
    2. have gotto possess
    3. (takes an infinitive) used as an auxiliary to express compulsion felt to be imposed by or upon the speaker: I've got to get a new coat



    get /ɡɛt/ vb (gets, getting, got /ɡɒt/, got) ( esp US gotten)(mainly tr)
    1. to come into possession of; receive or earn
    2. to bring or fetch
    3. to contract or be affected by: he got a chill at the picnic
    4. to capture or seize: the police finally got him
    5. (also intr) to become or cause to become or act as specified: to get a window open, get one's hair cut, get wet
    6. (intr; followed by a preposition or adverbial particle) to succeed in going, coming, leaving, etc: get off the bus
    7. (takes an infinitive) to manage or contrive: how did you get to be captain?
    8. to make ready or prepare: to get a meal
    9. to hear, notice, or understand: I didn't get your meaning
    10. US Canadian informal to learn or master by study
    11. (intransitive) often followed by to: to come (to) or arrive (at): we got home safely, to get to London
    12. to catch or enter: to get a train
    13. to induce or persuade: get him to leave at once
    14. to reach by calculation: add 2 and 2 and you will get 4
    15. to receive (a broadcast signal)
    16. to communicate with (a person or place), as by telephone
    17. (also intr) followed by to: informal to have an emotional effect (on): that music really gets me
    18. informal to annoy or irritate: her high voice gets me
    19. informal to bring a person into a difficult position from which he or she cannot escape
    20. informal to puzzle; baffle
    21. informal to hit: the blow got him in the back
    22. informal to be revenged on, esp by killing
    23. informal to have the better of: your extravagant habits will get you in the end
    24. (intr; followed by present participle) informal to begin: get moving
    25. (used as a command) informal go! leave now!
    26. archaic to beget or conceive
    27. get with childarchaic to make pregnant
    n
    1. rare the act of begetting
    2. rare something begotten; offspring
    3. Brit slang
      a variant of git

    See also get about, get across, get at, get away, get back, get by, get in, get off, get on, get out, get over, get round, get through, get-together, get up, got, gottenEtymology: Old English gietan; related to Old Norse geta to get, learn, Old High German bigezzan to obtain

    ˈgetable, ˈgettable adj USAGE
    The use of off after get as in I got this chair off an antique dealer is acceptable in conversation, but should not be used in formal writing




    'got & gotten' also found in these entries:

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