WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
gout /gaʊt/USA pronunciation   n. [uncountable]
  1. Pathologya painful swelling of the joints, esp. of the big toe, characterized by too much uric acid in the blood, which causes deposits in the small joints.
gout•y, adj.,  -i•er, -i•est. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
gout  (gout),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Pathologyan acute, recurrent disease characterized by painful inflammation of the joints, chiefly those in the feet and hands, and esp. in the great toe, and by an excess of uric acid in the blood.
  2. a mass or splash, as of blood;
  • Latin gutta a drop (of fluid); gout in the feet formerly was attributed to drops of a corrupted humor
  • Old French
  • Middle English goute 1250–1300

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

gout /ɡaʊt/ n
  1. a metabolic disease characterized by painful inflammation of certain joints, esp of the big toe and foot, caused by deposits of sodium urate in them
  2. archaic a drop or splash, esp of blood
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French goute gout (thought to result from drops of humours), from Latin gutta a drop

ˈgouty adj ˈgoutily adv ˈgoutiness n

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