WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
gov•ern /ˈgʌvɚn/USA pronunciation
v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
gov•ern•ance /ˈgʌvɚnəns/USA pronunciation n. [uncountable]
- Governmentto rule by right of authority, as a king or queen or elected administrator does: [~ + object]to govern a nation.[no object]I'm sure he governs fairly.
- to exercise a directing or restraining influence over; control:[~ + object]the motives that govern a decision.
- to hold in check;
control:[~ + object]to govern one's temper.
(guv′ərn),USA pronunciation v.t.
- Governmentto rule over by right of authority:to govern a nation.
- to exercise a directing or restraining influence over;
guide:the motives governing a decision.
- to hold in check;
control:to govern one's temper.
- to serve as or constitute a law for:the principles governing a case.
- Grammarto be regularly accompanied by or require the use of (a particular form). In They helped us, the verb helped governs the objective case of the pronoun we.
- Mechanical Engineeringto regulate the speed of (an engine) with a governor.
gov′ern•a•bil′i•ty, gov′ern•a•ble•ness, n.
- Governmentto exercise the function of government.
- to have predominating influence.
- Greek kybernân to steer
- Latin gubernāre to steer (a ship)
- Old French gouverner
- Middle English 1250–1300
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged reign. See rule.
- 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged control, sway, influence, conduct, supervise, superintend.
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged obey.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
govern /ˈɡʌvən/ vb (mainly tr)
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French gouverner, from Latin gubernāre to steer, from Greek kubernanˈgovernable adj
- (also intr) to direct and control the actions, affairs, policies, functions, etc, of (a political unit, organization, nation, etc); rule
- to exercise restraint over; regulate or direct: to govern one's temper
- to be a predominant influence on (something); decide or determine (something): his injury governed his decision to avoid sports
- to control the speed of (an engine, machine, etc) using a governor
- to control the rate of flow of (a fluid) by using an automatic valve
- (of a word) to determine the inflection of (another word): Latin nouns govern adjectives that modify them
'govern' also found in these entries: