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The entry for "grind" is displayed below.
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
grind /graɪnd/USA pronunciation
v., ground/graʊnd/USA pronunciation grind•ing, n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
- to wear down, make smooth, or sharpen (something) by rubbing or friction[~ + object]to grind a lens; to grind knives.
- to crush (something) into small particles, as by pounding;
pulverize: [~ + object]She accidentally ground the dirt into the rug.[~ + up + object]The glass bottles were ground up for recycling.
- to oppress, torment, or crush[~ + down + object]They were ground down by poverty.
- to grate together; grit[~ + object]She used to grind her teeth.
- to operate by turning a crank[~ + object]to grind a hand organ.
- to produce by crushing or hard rubbing[~ + object]The mill grinds flour.
- to (cause to) rub harshly; grate: [no object]The gears ground whenever I shifted.[~ + object]I kept grinding the gears.
- Informal Terms[~ + away] to work or study hard or for long hours.
- Slang Terms[no object] (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner. Compare bump (def. 9).
- to produce in a routine or mechanical way: [~ + out + object]ground out another issue of the newspaper.[~ + object + out]Would they grind another issue out in time?
- to extinguish (a cigarette or cigar) against a surface: [~ + out + object]He ground out his cigarette.[~ + object + out]He ground his cigarette out.
- a grade of fineness into which a substance is ground into particles:That coffee is available in various grinds.
- laborious, usually uninteresting work[usually singular]the daily grind.
- Informal Terms[Informal.]a student who works and studies hard.
- Slang Termsa dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive manner. Compare bump (def. 16).
(grīnd), v., ground or (Rare)grind•ed;
- to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction;
whet:to grind a lens.
- to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
- to oppress, torment, or crush:to grind the poor.
- to rub harshly or gratingly;
grit:to grind one's teeth.
- to operate by turning a crank:to grind a hand organ.
- to produce by crushing or abrasion:to grind flour.
- Slang Terms[Slang.]to annoy; irritate;
irk:It really grinds me when he's late.
- to perform the operation of reducing to fine particles.
- to rub harshly;
- to be or become ground.
- to be polished or sharpened by friction.
- Informal Terms[Informal.]to work or study laboriously (often fol. by away):He was grinding away at his algebra.
- Slang Terms[Slang.](in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner. Cf. bump (def. 11).
- to produce in a routine or mechanical way:to grind out magazine stories.
- to extinguish by rubbing the lighted end against a hard surface:to grind out a cigarette.
- the act of grinding.
- a grinding sound.
- a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground:The coffee is available in various grinds for different coffee makers.
- laborious, usually uninteresting work:Copying all the footnotes was a grind.
- Informal Terms[Informal.]an excessively diligent student.
- Slang Terms[Slang.]a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive or erotic manner. Cf. bump (def. 22).
2 . crush, powder, comminute, pound. 3 . persecute, plague, afflict, trouble. 4 . abrade.
Middle English grinden, Old English grindan;
akin to Gothic grinda-, Latin frendere
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
grind /ɡraɪnd/ vb (grinds, grinding, ground)
- to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading: to grind corn, to grind flour
- (transitive) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion: to grind a knife
- to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
- (transitive) followed by out: to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
- (transitive) often followed by down: to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
- (transitive) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
- (transitive) followed by out: to produce in a routine or uninspired manner: he ground out his weekly article for the paper
- (intransitive) informal to study or work laboriously
Etymology: Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sandˈgrindingly adv
- informal laborious or routine work or study
- a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beans: coarse grind
- the act or sound of grinding
'grind down' also found in these entries: