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grind down

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
grind /graɪnd/USA pronunciation   v., ground/graʊnd/USA pronunciation  grind•ing, n. 

v. 
  1. to wear down, make smooth, or sharpen (something) by rubbing or friction[+ object]to grind a lens; to grind knives.
  2. to crush (something) into small particles, as by pounding;
    pulverize: [+ object]She accidentally ground the dirt into the rug.[+ up + object]The glass bottles were ground up for recycling.
  3. to oppress, torment, or crush[+ down + object]They were ground down by poverty.
  4. to grate together; grit[+ object]She used to grind her teeth.
  5. to operate by turning a crank[+ object]to grind a hand organ.
  6. to produce by crushing or hard rubbing[+ object]The mill grinds flour.
  7. to (cause to) rub harshly; grate: [no object]The gears ground whenever I shifted.[+ object]I kept grinding the gears.
  8. Informal Terms[+ away] to work or study hard or for long hours.
  9. Slang Terms[no object] (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner. Compare bump (def. 9).
  10. grind out: 
      • to produce in a routine or mechanical way: [+ out + object]ground out another issue of the newspaper.[+ object + out]Would they grind another issue out in time?
      • to extinguish (a cigarette or cigar) against a surface: [+ out + object]He ground out his cigarette.[+ object + out]He ground his cigarette out.

n. [countable]
  1. a grade of fineness into which a substance is ground into particles:That coffee is available in various grinds.
  2. laborious, usually uninteresting work[usually singular]the daily grind.
  3. Informal Terms[Informal.]a student who works and studies hard.
  4. Slang Termsa dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive manner. Compare bump (def. 16).

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
grind  (grīnd), 
v., ground  or (Rare)grind•ed;
grind•ing;
 n. 

v.t. 
  1. to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction;
    whet:to grind a lens.
  2. to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
  3. to oppress, torment, or crush:to grind the poor.
  4. to rub harshly or gratingly;
    grate together;
    grit:to grind one's teeth.
  5. to operate by turning a crank:to grind a hand organ.
  6. to produce by crushing or abrasion:to grind flour.
  7. Slang Terms[Slang.]to annoy; irritate;
    irk:It really grinds me when he's late.

v.i. 
  1. to perform the operation of reducing to fine particles.
  2. to rub harshly;
    grate.
  3. to be or become ground.
  4. to be polished or sharpened by friction.
  5. Informal Terms[Informal.]to work or study laboriously (often fol. by away):He was grinding away at his algebra.
  6. Slang Terms[Slang.](in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner. Cf. bump (def. 11).
  7. grind out: 
      • to produce in a routine or mechanical way:to grind out magazine stories.
      • to extinguish by rubbing the lighted end against a hard surface:to grind out a cigarette.

n. 
  1. the act of grinding.
  2. a grinding sound.
  3. a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground:The coffee is available in various grinds for different coffee makers.
  4. laborious, usually uninteresting work:Copying all the footnotes was a grind.
  5. Informal Terms[Informal.]an excessively diligent student.
  6. Slang Terms[Slang.]a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive or erotic manner. Cf. bump (def. 22).
Etymology:bef. 950;
Middle English grinden, Old English grindan;
akin to Gothic grinda-, Latin frendere
grinda•ble, adj. 
grind′a•bili•ty, n. 
grinding•ly, adv. 
2 . crush, powder, comminute, pound. 3 . persecute, plague, afflict, trouble. 4 . abrade.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

grind /ɡraɪnd/ vb (grinds, grinding, ground)
  1. to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading: to grind corn, to grind flour
  2. (transitive) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion: to grind a knife
  3. to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
  4. (transitive) followed by out: to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
  5. (transitive) often followed by down: to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
  6. (transitive) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
  7. (transitive) followed by out: to produce in a routine or uninspired manner: he ground out his weekly article for the paper
  8. (intransitive) informal to study or work laboriously
n
  1. informal laborious or routine work or study
  2. a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beans: coarse grind
  3. the act or sound of grinding
Etymology: Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand

ˈgrindingly adv



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